Şehsuvar Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: شهسوار سلطان; c. 1682 – 27 April 1756; "courage of the Şah"[1]) was a consort to the Ottoman Sultan Mustafa II (r. 1695–1703) and Valide Sultan to their son Osman III (r. 1754–1757).[2][3]

Şehsuvar Sultan
Valide Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Tenure13 December 1754 – 27 April 1756
Bornc. 1682 Russia?
Died27 April 1756(1756-04-27) (aged 73–74)
Topkapı Palace, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (modern-day Istanbul, Turkey)
Burial
SpouseMustafa II
IssueOsman III
Emetullah Sultan
Names
Turkish: Şehsuvar Sultan
Ottoman Turkish: شھسوار سلطان
HouseOttoman (by marriage)
ReligionSunni Islam

LifeEdit

Şahsuvar Sultan was born in 1682.[4] She became a concubine of Sultan Mustafa. Şahsuvar and Mustafa had one son, Osman III, born on 2 January 1699, in the Edirne Palace.[5][3] In 1702, Mustafa II gave her two bracelets with rubies and diamonds.

The Edirne event saw Mustafa dethroned, with his brother Ahmed III succeeding as the new Sultan (r. 1703–1730), and Şahsuvar was sent to the Old Palace, Istanbul.[2][6] On the other hand, her son, Şehzade Osman was transferred to the Topkapı Palace in Istanbul together with the entire court.[7]

Sultan Mahmud I, Mustafa's first son and the older half-brother of Osman, succeeded as Sultan following Patrona Halil's orchestrated riot.[8] Mahmud was then succeeded by his half-brother Osman, thus Şahsuvar became the new Valide sultan.[9][7]

Valide sultans were usually transported to Topkapı Palace by carriages. However, Şahsuvar was brought to the palace in a palanquin. The sultan, who had not seen his mother for many years, ordered his sword girding ceremony to be held a few days after the arrival of his mother to the palace.[10]

In 1755, Şahsuvar persuaded her son, not to execute the grand vizier, Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha, who had been imprisoned in the Kız Kulesi. This proved to be an example of beneficent influence.[11]

DeathEdit

Şahsuvar Sultan died on 27 April 1756 in the Topkapı Palace, and was buried in a separate mausoleum located at the Nuruosmaniye Mosque, Çemberlitaş, Fatih, Istanbul.[2][12]

IssueEdit

Together with Mustafa, Şahsuvar had one son and a daughter:

  • Osman III (Edirne Palace, Edirne, 2 January 1699 - Istanbul, Turkey, 30 October 1757, buried in Tomb of Turhan Sultan, New Mosque, Istanbul). 25th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
  • Emetullah Sultan (1701-19 Aprile 1727). She married once and she had a daughter.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Argit, Betül Ipsirli (October 29, 2020). Life after the Harem: Female Palace Slaves, Patronage and the Imperial Ottoman Court. Cambridge University Press. p. 66. ISBN 978-1-108-48836-5.
  2. ^ a b c Uluçay 2011, p. 117.
  3. ^ a b Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 398.
  4. ^ Osman Gazi'den Sultan Vahidüddin Han'a Osmanlı tarihi, Volume 4. Çamlıca Basım Yayın. p. 422.
  5. ^ Osmanlı padişahları ve Musevi tebalarına ilişkin kısa tarihçe. 1999. p. 136.
  6. ^ Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 398-99.
  7. ^ a b Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 399.
  8. ^ Shaw, Stanford J. & Shaw, Ezel Kural (1976). History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, volume 1: Empire of the Gazis: the rise and decline of the Ottoman Empire, 1280-1808. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. pp. 240. ISBN 0-521-21280-4.
  9. ^ Freely, John (February 26, 1998). Istanbul: the imperial city. Penguin Books Limited. pp. 255. ISBN 978-0-141-92605-6.
  10. ^ "VÂLİDE SULTAN Osmanlılar'da padişah annelerine verilen unvan". İslam Ansiklopedisi. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  11. ^ Fanny Davis (1986). The Ottoman Lady: A Social History from 1718 to 1918. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-313-24811-5.
  12. ^ Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 400-1.

SourcesEdit

  • Sakaoğlu, Necdet (2008). Bu mülkün kadın sultanları: Vâlide sultanlar, hâtunlar, hasekiler, kadınefendiler, sultanefendiler. Oğlak Yayıncılık. ISBN 978-9-753-29623-6.
  • Uluçay, Mustafa Çağatay (2011). Padişahların kadınları ve kızları. Ankara, Ötüken.
Ottoman royalty
Preceded by Valide Sultan
13 December 1754 – 27 April 1756
Succeeded by