The grapheme Ř, ř (R with háček, example of Czech pronunciation: About this sound"řeka" ) is a letter used in alphabets of the Czech, Upper Sorbian languages and also in Kurdish languages when written in Latin script. It was also used in a proposed orthography for the Silesian language. A similar consonant can also be found in some Norwegian dialects (around Narvik), in Berber (especially in its Rif variety), and in some Spanish dialects as a variation of 'rr' (mainly Pastuso Spanish and some dialects in Ecuador).

Ř in upper- and lowercase

The Unicode glyphs are U+0158 Ř and U+0159 ř . Either can also be represented using the combining character U+030C  ̌  COMBINING CARON.

UsageEdit

In Czech it is used to denote [r̝], a raised alveolar non-sonorant trill and it is an allophone of 'rz' in Polish. Its manner of articulation is similar to other alveolar trills but the tongue is raised; it is partially fricative. It is usually voiced, [r̝], but it also has a voiceless allophone [r̝̊] occurring in the vicinity of voiceless consonants or at the end of a word.

In Upper Sorbian, it denotes the voiceless postalveolar fricative [ʃ].

In Kurdish, it represents the voiced alveolar trill [r].

In Rif-Berber, the letter Ř / ř is used for /ɺ/, a sound between /l/ and /r/.

Tongue twisterEdit

Czech: “Tři sta třicet tři stříbrných stříkaček stříkalo přes tři sta třicet tři stříbrných střech.”

Phonetically: [ˈtr̝̊ɪsta ˈtr̝̊ɪt͡sɛt ˈtr̝̊ɪ ˈstr̝̊iːbr̩niːx ˈstr̝̊iːkat͡ʃɛk ˈstr̝̊iːkalo pr̝̊ɛs ˈtr̝̊ɪsta ˈtr̝̊ɪt͡sɛt ˈtr̝̊ɪ ˈstr̝̊iːbr̩niːx ˈstr̝̊ɛx].

English: “333 silver fire hoses squirted over 333 silver roofs”.

EncodingsEdit

Character information
Preview Ř ř
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER R WITH CARON LATIN SMALL LETTER R WITH CARON
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 344 U+0158 345 U+0159
UTF-8 197 152 C5 98 197 153 C5 99
Numeric character reference Ř Ř ř ř
Named character reference Ř ř

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit