Ōki Takatō

Ōki Takatō (大木 喬任, March 23, 1832 – September 26, 1899), was a Japanese statesman during the early Meiji period. He was Governor of Tokyo in 1868 and a member of the Privy Council in 1889.[1]

Ōki Takatō
大木 喬任
Takato Oki 2.jpg
Ōki Takatō
President of the Japanese Privy Council
In office
30 October 1889 – 1 June 1891
Preceded byIto Hirobumi
Succeeded byIto Hirobumi
In office
8 August 1892 – 11 March 1893
Preceded byIto Hirobumi
Succeeded byYamagata Aritomo
Personal details
Born(1832-03-23)March 23, 1832
Saga, Japan
DiedSeptember 26, 1899(1899-09-26) (aged 67)
OccupationCabinet Minister


Ōki was born into a samurai family in Saga, in Hizen province (present-day Saga prefecture). He studied at the domain school Kodokan, and promoted reform of the domain administration. During the Boshin War he was a leader in the Saga forces committed to the overthrow of the Tokugawa shogunate.

After the Meiji Restoration, he supervised the transfer of the imperial capital from Kyoto to Tokyo, and was appointed the first Governor of Tokyo.

In 1871, he became Education Minister and is credited with establishing Japan's modern educational system. In 1873, he became sangi (councillor) and in 1876, Justice Minister and was concerned with the punishment of the disgruntled ex-samurai involved in the Hagi Rebellion and the Shimpūren Rebellion. In 1880, he became chairman of the Genrōin . He also worked on developing Japan's civil code as the president of the ‘Civil Code Compiling Council’.

In 1884, he was elevated to the title of hakushaku (count) in the new kazoku peerage system.

From 1888 he served on the Privy Council, becoming chairman in 1889. Later he was appointed Justice Minister under the first Yamagata administration, and the Education Minister under the first Matsukata administration.

His eldest son, Ōki Enkichi was also a politician, and a cabinet member during the Taishō period.


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ōki Takatō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 747, p. 747, at Google Books.


  • Akamatsu, Paul (1972). Meiji 1868 : Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Japan. Translated by Miriam Kochan. New York: Harper & Row.
  • Beasley, William G. (1972). The Meiji Restoration. Stanford: Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780804708159.

OCLC 579232

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