Ōgata, Akita

Ōgata (大潟村, Ōgata-mura) is a village located in Akita Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 January 2020, the village had an estimated population of 3,164 in 1122 households,[1] and a population density 19 persons per km². The total area of the village is 170.11 square kilometres (65.68 sq mi).

Ōgata

大潟村
Ōgata Village Office
Ōgata Village Office
Flag of Ōgata
Flag
Official seal of Ōgata
Seal
Location of Ōgata in Akita Prefecture
Location of Ōgata in Akita Prefecture
Ōgata is located in Japan
Ōgata
Ōgata
Location of Ōgata in Akita Prefecture
Coordinates: 40°1′4.1″N 139°57′35.8″E / 40.017806°N 139.959944°E / 40.017806; 139.959944Coordinates: 40°1′4.1″N 139°57′35.8″E / 40.017806°N 139.959944°E / 40.017806; 139.959944
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureAkita
DistrictMinamiakita
Government
 • MayorHiroto Takahashi
Area
 • Total170.11 km2 (65.68 sq mi)
Population
 (February 2020)
 • Total3,164
 • Density19/km2 (48/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeJapanese Black Pine
- FlowerScarlet Sage
- BirdSwan
Phone number0185-45-2111
Address1-1 Chūō, Ōgata-mura, Minamiakita-gun, Akita-ken 010-0494
WebsiteOfficial website
Oga Peninsula and Ōgata Village

GeographyEdit

Ōgata is located northwestern Akita Prefecture. The village consists entirely of land reclaimed from the former Lake Hachirōgata, and as a consequence is flat, and mostly below sea level.

 
Roadside station and Polder Museum Ogata

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

HistoryEdit

Ōgata village was officially founded on October 1, 1964. The village stands on the former Hachirōgata lagoon, which was reclaimed as the occupation government of Japan after the Second World War had an ambition to create new farmland in order to secure a stable domestic supply of rice.

The Hachirōgata lagoon was the second largest lake in Japan and an ideal candidate for extensive land land reclamation with its shallow waters. Land reclamation work began at Hachirōgata in April 1957 and during the next twenty years, with the help of Dutch engineers, around seventeen thousand hectares of new farmland were created.

Between 1967 and 1974 about 580 settlers took up residence in the new village of Ōgata - bringing their families with them.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Ōgata has remained relatively steady over the past 40 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 0—    
1970 1,640—    
1980 3,334+103.3%
1990 3,286−1.4%
2000 3,323+1.1%
2010 3,218−3.2%

ClimateEdit

Ōgata has a Humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is heaviest from August to October. The average annual temperature in Ōgata is 11.3 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1565 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.1 °C, and lowest in January, at around -0.6 °C.[4]

Climate data for Ōgata, Akita
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.1
(53.8)
17.5
(63.5)
18.6
(65.5)
26.0
(78.8)
31.2
(88.2)
31.8
(89.2)
35.6
(96.1)
38.1
(100.6)
35.9
(96.6)
29.4
(84.9)
24.4
(75.9)
17.1
(62.8)
38.1
(100.6)
Average high °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
3.1
(37.6)
6.8
(44.2)
13.3
(55.9)
18.2
(64.8)
22.3
(72.1)
26.0
(78.8)
28.3
(82.9)
24.1
(75.4)
18.2
(64.8)
11.7
(53.1)
5.8
(42.4)
15.0
(59.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
0.1
(32.2)
3.0
(37.4)
8.6
(47.5)
13.7
(56.7)
18.2
(64.8)
22.0
(71.6)
23.8
(74.8)
19.3
(66.7)
13.2
(55.8)
7.4
(45.3)
2.6
(36.7)
11.0
(51.8)
Average low °C (°F) −3.5
(25.7)
−3.3
(26.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
3.3
(37.9)
9.1
(48.4)
14.2
(57.6)
18.5
(65.3)
19.7
(67.5)
14.7
(58.5)
8.1
(46.6)
3.0
(37.4)
−0.8
(30.6)
6.8
(44.2)
Record low °C (°F) −17.3
(0.9)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−12.7
(9.1)
−6.5
(20.3)
−3.9
(25.0)
6.2
(43.2)
5.0
(41.0)
9.8
(49.6)
3.4
(38.1)
−1.4
(29.5)
−10.8
(12.6)
−14.4
(6.1)
−19.3
(−2.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 92.9
(3.66)
68.9
(2.71)
75.5
(2.97)
81.5
(3.21)
93.5
(3.68)
88.3
(3.48)
151.9
(5.98)
152.6
(6.01)
149.4
(5.88)
136.9
(5.39)
155.6
(6.13)
129.5
(5.10)
1,366.9
(53.81)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 17.6 14.7 14.1 10.6 10.7 9.7 11.8 10.2 10.3 14.1 17.7 20.2 163.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 34.3 56.4 130.8 176.8 189.8 173.5 159.5 194.3 162.9 150.5 87.6 42.1 1,556.3
Source 1: Ōgata Averages
Source 2: Ōgata Extremes

EconomyEdit

The economy of Ōgata is based on agriculture, mostly on the cultivation of rice.

EducationEdit

Ōgata has one public elementary school and one public middle school operated by the village government. The village does not have a high school.

TransportationEdit

Ōgata is not served by any railways or highways.

Local attractionsEdit

  • Ogata Fuji
  • Cherry and Rapeseed Blossom Road
  • Polder Museum of Ogata-mura
  • Ogata Moor Onsen
  • Hotel Sun Rural Ogata
  • KATA Farmer's Market
  • Seitaikei Park
  • Wild Bird Observation Station
  • South Pumping Station
  • Hachirōgata Reclamation Monument
  • Latitude and Longitude Intersection Monument
  • South Pond Park (Minami no Ike)
  • Ground Golf Course
  • The NHK Ōgata Transmitter (used for transmissions on 774 kHz with a power of 500 kW)

Local eventsEdit

Hachirogata Reclamation Memorial Ekiden Relay RaceEdit

A relay race held at the beginning of September every year to commemorate the reclamation ceremony of September 15th 1964.

New Rice Harvest Festival in OgataEdit

Rice tasting and sale of rice and other agricultural products.

Ogata Shrine Reitaisai FestivalEdit

Shinto festival, which takes place every year on September 10th to pray for a good harvest. The procession makes its way around the village on its way to the shrine.

Ogata Arts and Culture FestivalEdit

The artistic and cultural groups of Ōgata display their works or perform.

 
40°N and 140°E Crossing Point

World Econo MoveEdit

Annual solar and electric vehicle race held in August at the Ōgata Solar Sports Line since 1993.

The village is known internationally for these Solar-car and Eco-car races.

Akita Prefectural Rowing Competition - Summer RegattaEdit

 
Waterway in Ogata Village

Regatta held in July at the Ogata Rowing Course for village locals. The winning team qualifies for the national regatta.

 
Ogata Fuji

Oga Peninsula and Ogata GeoparkEdit

In September 2011, Ōgata and Oga City were approved as a joint member of the Japan Geopark Network.

Approximately 30km on each side, the relatively compact geopark contains the history of the earth spanning 70 million years into the past, observable complete stratum in near succession, including the separation of the Japanese archipelago from the continent, the formation of the Sea of Japan, and environmental changes due to large-scale climate change that continue through the present day. Also, born from "Hachirogata" the former largest lagoon in Japan, Ōgata is Japan's largest land reclamation.

Sister city relationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ōgata village official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. ^ Wood, Donald C. (2015). Ogata-mura : sowing dissent and reclaiming identity in a japanese farming village. New York: Berghahn Books. ISBN 1-78533-044-6. OCLC 920867174.
  3. ^ Ōgata population statistics
  4. ^ Ōgata climate data
  5. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 21 November 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External linksEdit

  Media related to Ogata, Akita at Wikimedia Commons