Da Nang or Danang[7][nb 1] ( /(ˌ)dɑː, də ˈnæŋ, ˈnɑːŋ/ dah, də NANG, NAHNG;[8] Vietnamese: Đà Nẵng, [ʔɗaː˨˩ naŋ˦ˀ˥] , chữ Hán: 岘港) is the fourth-largest city in Vietnam by municipal population.[9] It lies on the coast of the East Sea of Vietnam at the mouth of the Hàn River, and is one of Vietnam's most important port cities. As one of the country's five direct-controlled municipalities, it falls under the administration of the central government.

Đà Nẵng
Thành phố Đà Nẵng
City viewed from the east bank of Dragon Bridge
City view at night
Linh Ung Pagoda viewed from Son Tra peninsula
My Khe beach
Official seal of Đà Nẵng
City of Han River
City of Bridges
Anthem: Đoàn vệ quốc quân
Interactive map outlining Danang
Location of Đà Nẵng
Coordinates: 16°04′10″N 108°12′35″E / 16.06944°N 108.20972°E / 16.06944; 108.20972
Country Vietnam
RegionSouth Central Coast
SeatHải Châu
Subdivision6 districts, 2 rural districts
 • TypeMunicipality (Class-1)
 • BodyDanang People's Council
 • Secretary of the PartyNguyễn Văn Quảng
 • Chairman of People's CouncilLương Nguyễn Minh Triết
 • Chairman of People's CommitteeLê Trung Chinh
 • City1,284.73 km2 (496.04 sq mi)
 (2022)[2]: 106 
 • City1.233.400
 • Density960/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Urban
[2]: 116 
 • Rural
[2]: 118 
Ethnic groups
 • Vietnamese[4]99.47%
 • Katu0.16%
 • Hoa0.14%
 • Others0.23%
Time zoneUTC+07:00 (ICT)
Postal code
Area codes236
ISO 3166 codeVN-DN
License plate43
GRP (Nominal)2019 [5]
- TotalUS$4.7 billion
- Per capitaUS$3.810
HDI (2020)0.779 (5th)[6]
International airportsDa Nang International Airport

The city was known as Cửa Hàn during early Đại Việt settlement, and as Tourane (or Turon) during French colonial rule. Before 1997, the city was part of Quang Nam - Da Nang Province. On 1 January 1997, Da Nang was separated from Quảng Nam Province to become one of four centrally controlled municipalities in Vietnam. Da Nang is designated as a first class city,[10] and has a higher urbanization ratio than any of Vietnam's other provinces or centrally governed cities.[11]

Da Nang is the commercial and educational center of Central Vietnam and is the largest city in the region. It has a well-sheltered, easily accessible port, and its location on National Route 1 and the North–South Railway makes it a transport hub. It is within 100 km (62 mi) of several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Imperial City of Huế, the Old Town of Hội An, and the Mỹ Sơn ruins.

APEC 2017 was hosted in Da Nang.[12][13]

Da Nang has a Human Development Index of 0.779 (high), ranking fifth among all municipalities and provinces of Vietnam.[14]

Names of Da Nang in different languages

Da Nang
"Da Nang" in chữ Hán (Chinese characters)
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese alphabetĐà Nẵng
Chữ Hán沱㶞

Most of the names by which Da Nang has been known make reference to its position at the Hàn River estuary. The city's present name is generally agreed to be a Vietnamese adaptation of the Cham word da nak, which is translated as "opening of a large river".[15][16]

A map of Annam drafted by Alexandre de Rhodes. "Cua han" appears along the coast (upside-down, left of centre).

Other Chamic sources, with similar definitions, have been proposed. Inrasara (aka Phú Trạm), a researcher specializing in Champa, suggests Da Nang is a variation of the Cham word daknan (lit. "the large water"); Sakaya (aka Văn Món), another Champa researcher, claims a connection with the Raglai word danang, meaning "river source".[17]

Another name given to Da Nang was Cửa Hàn (lit. "mouth of the Han [river]"). The name used by the French, Tourane, is said to derive from this name, by way of a rough transliteration.[18] Notably, this name (spelled "Cua han") appears on maps of the area drafted by Alexandre de Rhodes in 1650. The name Kean (cf. Kẻ Hàn, roughly "Han market") was another name purportedly used during the 17th century to refer to the land at the foot of the Hải Vân Pass.[15]

Other names referring to Da Nang include:[15]

  • Vũng Thùng, a colloquial name which survives in folklore.[nb 2]
  • Trà Úc, Trà Áo, Trà Sơn and Đồng Long Loan, literary names used by Confucian scholars.
  • In Chinese, Danang is known as Xiangang (峴港), this is derived from the old name 蜆港 ("Clam Harbor").
  • In chữ Nôm, used until 1945, "Đà Nẵng" is written as 沱灢.
  • Thái Phiên, a name used briefly after the 1945 August Revolution, commemorating Thái Phiên, the leader of popular revolts during the 1916 Duy Tân Resistance.



Ancient Vietnam


The city's origins date back to the ancient kingdom of Champa, established in 192 AD. At its peak, the Chams' sphere of influence stretched from Huế to Vũng Tàu. The city of Indrapura, at the site of the modern village of Dong Duong in Quảng Nam Province (about 50 km (31 mi) from Da Nang), was the capital of Champa from about 875 to about 1000 AD. Also in the region of Da Nang were the ancient Cham city of Singhapura ("City of the Lion"), the location of which has been identified with an archeological site in the modern village of Trà Kiệu, and the valley of Mỹ Sơn,[19] where a number of ruined temples and towers can still be viewed.

In the latter half of the 10th century, the kings of Indrapura came into conflict with the Đại Việt, who were then based at Hoa Lư near modern Hanoi.[20] Champa had been independent, it found itself in need to defend its territory to contain the threat posed by the Khmer Empire in the west, and expand its territory to the north, hoping to conquer the Vietnamese nation. There, with the Vietnamese Kingdom in turmoil following the assassination of Đinh Tiên Hoàng, Champa made an unsuccessful attempt to invade Đại Việt in 979 with support of China, but failed due to the strong defence of Vietnamese territory under the command of Lê Hoàn. In 982, three ambassadors sent to Champa by Emperor Lê Hoàn of the Đại Việt (founder of the Early Lê dynasty) were detained in Indrapura. Lê Hoàn decided to go on the offensive, sacking Indrapura and killing the Cham King Parameshvaravarman I. As a result of these setbacks, the Cham eventually abandoned Indrapura around 1000 AD.[21]

The Đại Việt campaign against Champa continued into the late 11th century, when the Cham were forced to cede their three northern provinces to the rulers of the Lý dynasty. Soon afterward, Vietnamese farmers began moving into the untilled former Cham lands, turning them into rice fields and moving relentlessly southward, delta by delta, along the narrow coastal plain. The southward expansion of Đại Việt (known as Nam Tiến) continued for several centuries, culminating in the annexation of most of the Cham territories by the end of the 15th century.

The Điện Hải Citadel was first built in 1813 as an earthen fortress located to the north of its present position, with An Hải citadel on the east bank built by Emperor Gia Long to protect the port, and by 1819, both Điện Hải and An Hải citadels had been rebuilt in brick. In 1823, Gia Long's son and successor Minh Mạng rebuilt the original Điện Hải fortress on a high mound at the current location, being upgraded from a fortress (đồn) to a citadel (thành) in 1835.[22]

Western contact

Early 19th-century sketching of An Hải citadel in Đà Nẵng during the Nguyễn dynasty
Early 19th-century sketching of Điện Hải citadel in Đà Nẵng under the Nguyễn dynasty

One of the first Europeans to visit Da Nang was Portuguese explorer António de Faria, who anchored in Da Nang in 1535. Faria was one of the first Westerners to write about the area and, through his influence, Portuguese ships began to call regularly at Hội An, which was then a much more important port than Da Nang.[23] Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, French and Spanish traders and missionaries regularly made landfall at Hội An, just south of Đà Nẵng. An American, John White, arrived at Da Nang (then called Turon) on 18 June 1819 in the brig Franklin of Salem, Massachusetts, and was advised that the country was recovering from devastating wars, and that what little goods had been produced in the area was already allocated. Other American ships arriving shortly after were the Marmion of Boston, and the Aurora and Beverly of Salem.[24][25]

Conditions were such due to the wars that they were unable to conduct trade, and the subsequent missions of East India Company agent John Crawfurd in 1823[26] and the two missions of Andrew Jackson's agent, American diplomat Edmund Roberts, in 1833 and 1836 were unable to secure trade agreements due to the exceptionally poor quality of the port.[24]: pp.19–40  Following the edict of Emperor Minh Mạng in 1835, prohibiting European vessels from making landfall or pursuing trade except at Đà Nẵng, its port quickly superseded Hội An as the largest commercial port in the central region.[27]

French Indochina

French warships off Đà Nẵng (Tourane) September 1858. What started as a punitive campaign against the Vietnamese, had turned into a long, bitter and costly defeat for the Franco-Spanish Force.

In 1847, French vessels dispatched by Admiral Cécille bombarded Đà Nẵng, ostensibly on the grounds of alleged persecution of Roman Catholic missionaries. In August 1858, once again ostensibly on the grounds of religious persecution, French troops, led by Admiral Charles Rigault de Genouilly, and under the orders of Napoleon III, landed in Đà Nẵng as part of the punitive Cochinchina Campaign.

The French overpowered the Vietnamese stationed in Da Nang, swiftly occupying the city and Tiên Sa peninsula (present-day Sơn Trà peninsula). The occupying forces were quickly placed under siege by the Vietnamese army under the command of Nguyễn Tri Phương, and were eventually forced to retreat in March 1860. The French were able to invade the southern stronghold of Saigon and, in June 1862, several provinces of southern Vietnam were ceded to the French as Cochinchina with the signing of the Treaty of Saigon.

Through two more decades of conflict, the French gradually strengthened their hold on Vietnam, culminating in the establishment of French Indochina (French: Union de l'Indochine Française) in October 1887.[28] Two years later, in 1889, the French colonists renamed the city Tourane, placing it under the control of the governor general of French Indochina.[29] It came to be considered one of Indochina's five major cities, among Hanoi, Saigon–Cholon, Haiphong, and Huế.

In 1903, the colonial government authorised Société des docks et houillères de Tourane to proceed with the tramway construction, with its preliminary 9.5-kilometre stretch (between Observatory Point and Tourane Mỹ Khê) being opened on 9 November 1905. Under the state management, “Tramway de l’Îlot de l’Observatoire” opened to the public on 1 October 1907, stretching to Faifo (Hoi An) via Montagne de Marbre (Marble Mountains), operating until 31 December 1915.[30]

Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam)

U.S. helicopters at Da Nang Air Base, 1965

During the Vietnam War, what is now the Da Nang International Airport was a major air base used by the South Vietnamese and United States Air Forces.

The base became one of the world's busiest aircraft hubs during the war,[31] reaching an average of 2,595 aircraft traffic operations daily, more than any other airport and airbase in the world at that time.[32] The final U.S. ground combat operations in Vietnam ceased on 13 August 1972, when a residual force of the 196th Light Infantry Brigade stood down in Đà Nẵng. B Battery 3rd Battalion, 82nd Field Artillery Regiment fired the final U.S. artillery round and the 3rd Battalion, 21st Infantry Regiment finished their final patrols. This residual force was known as "Operation Gimlet". After the US withdrawal from the conflict, in the final stage of the conquest of South Vietnam by North Vietnam, Da Nang fell to the communist forces March 29–30, 1975. Vietnam issued two special postage stamps to commemorate this event, within its "total liberation" stamp set issued 14 December 1976.

Marble Mountain Air Facility, constructed in 1965, was also located in Da Nang.[33][34]

After 1975


Since the era of the construction of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Danang has become essentially the third city after Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi to be an important urban centre of the central region of Vietnam. Danang boasts numerous educational institutes as well as important sites of economy.[35]


Paracel Islands (Vietnamese names)

Da Nang is the largest city in central Vietnam and one of the country's most important ports. The city is surrounded by mountains to the west, and the South China Sea to the east. Da Nang borders Thừa Thiên-Huế Province across the Hải Vân Pass to the north, along with the Quảng Nam Province to the south and west. It is 764 km (475 mi) south of Hanoi, and 964 km (599 mi) north of Ho Chi Minh City.[36] The city has a total land area of 1,283.42 km2 (495.53 sq mi), of which 241.51 km2 (93.25 sq mi) are urban districts and 1,041.91 km2 (402.28 sq mi) are rural districts.[36]

Geology and topography


Geologically, Da Nang is at the edge of a Paleozoic fold belt known as the Truong Son Orogenic Zone, whose main deformation occurred during the early Carboniferous period.[37] Da Nang's topography is dominated by the steep Annamite mountain range to the north and north-west, which features peaks ranging from 700 to 1,500 m (2,300 to 4,900 ft) in height, and low-lying coastal plains with some salting to the south and east, with several white sand beaches along the coast.[36]



Da Nang has a tropical monsoon climate with two seasons: a typhoon and wet season from September to December and a dry season from January to August.[36] Temperatures have an annual average of around 26 °C (79 °F).[36] Cold waves can occasionally occur, although they are of short duration.[36] Temperatures are highest between June and August with mean temperatures of 28 to 30 °C (82 to 86 °F), and lowest between December and February (mean temperature of 18 to 23 °C (64 to 73 °F)).[36] In Ba Na Hills, the temperatures are lower with an annual average of 20 °C (68 °F).[36] The annual average for humidity is 81%, with highs between October and January (reaching 84–86%) and lows between June and August (reaching 75–77%).[38]

On average, Da Nang receives 2,205 mm (86.8 in) of rainfall. Rainfall is typically highest between September and November (ranging from 550 to 1,000 mm (22 to 39 in)) and lowest between February and April (ranging from 23 to 40 mm (0.91 to 1.57 in)).[36] Da Nang receives an average of 2162 hours of sunlight annually, with highs between 234 and 277 hours per month in May and June and lows between 69 and 165 hours per month in November and December.[36]

Climate data for Da Nang
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.5
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 25.0
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.5
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 19.3
Record low °C (°F) 10.2
Average rainfall mm (inches) 81.9
Average rainy days 12.0 5.6 4.8 5.4 9.2 8.1 9.4 11.6 14.6 20.0 20.3 18.7 139.1
Average relative humidity (%) 84.2 83.9 83.7 82.7 79.3 76.4 75.8 77.4 82.1 84.4 84.7 85.4 81.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 131.9 146.0 182.3 208.6 246.7 242.3 246.2 214.8 177.4 143.4 117.7 94.8 2,162.6
Source 1: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology[39]
Source 2: The Yearbook of Indochina [40]



Da Nang is the fifth-most populated city in Vietnam, with an area of 1,255.53 km2 (484.76 sq mi)[41] and a population of 1,220,187 according to the update in 2022.[42] Women make up 50.7% of Da Nang's population.[43]

Population growth

Da Nang's population has been growing at rates of between 2.5% and 3% during most of the years between 2005 and 2011, significantly exceeding the national average of 1% to 1.2%.[44] The growth rate briefly rose to 3.6% in 2010 before returning to its long-term trend with 2.68% in 2011. This is the third fastest growth rate in the country after the two southern manufacturing centers Bình Dương Province (4.41%) and Đồng Nai Province (3.5%).[44]

Đà Nẵng's population is estimated to reach one million inhabitants by 2014.[45] Migration has been the dominant factor in the city's population growth at least since 2009, contributing 1.6% to 2.7% (2010) between 2009 and 2011.[44] Out-migration has been relatively high in 2011 at 0.79% compared to 0.34% and 0.55% in previous years, while the in-migration rate has been exceeding 2% since 2009 and was at 2.28% in 2011.[44]

Đà Nẵng's natural population growth is only slightly higher than the national average. Its crude birth rate was recorded at 18 live births per 1000 persons. The crude death rate was measured at 6.7 per 1000 persons in 2011.[44] Life expectancy at birth was estimated at 77.4 years for women and 72.4 years for men, or 74.8 years overall in the 2009 population census. The infant mortality rate was measured at 9.9 infant deaths per 1000 live births,[44] less than two points above the nation's average for urban areas.


The city has the highest urbanization ratio among provinces and municipalities in Vietnam,[11] containing only 11 rural communes, the fewest of any province-level unit in Vietnam.[46] As of 2009, 86.9% of Đà Nẵng's population lived in urban areas; average annual urban population growth was 3.5%.[43]


The People's Committee of Da Nang City

The leading organ of the Communist Party in Da Nang City is the executive committee of the Communist Party. The current Secretary is Nguyen Van Quang.

The legislative branch of the city is the People's Council of Da Nang City. The current chairman is Luong Nguyen Minh Triet.

The executive branch of the city is the People's Committee of Da Nang City. The current chairman is Le Trung Chinh.

Administrative divisions


The city of Da Nang is officially divided into eight district-level sub-divisions, including six urban districts (Hải Châu, Thanh Khê, Cẩm Lệ, Sơn Trà, Ngũ Hành Sơn and Liên Chiểu) and two rural districts (Hòa Vang and Hoàng Sa (Paracel Islands[47])). They are further subdivided into 45 wards and 11 communes. The city center of Da Nang is Hải Châu district.

Before 1997, the city was part of Quang Nam–Da Nang Province. On 1 January 1997, Da Nang was separated from Quang Nam Province to become one of five independent (centrally-controlled) municipalities in Vietnam.

District Subdivisions Area Population (2018)[48] Pop. density[48]
(km2) (mile2) (persons/km2) (persons/mile2)
Cam Le 6 wards 33.3 12.9 143,632 2,054.74 5,321.8
Hai Chau 13 wards 24.1 9.3 221,324 9,251.11 23,960.3
Hoa Vang 11 communes 737.5 284.8 201,070 151.14 391.5
Lien Chieu 5 wards 83.1 32.1 170,153 1,144.54 2,964.3
Ngu Hanh Son 4 wards 36.5 14.1 115,872 1,476.41 3,823.9
Son Tra 7 wards 60.8 23.5 173,455 1,970.58 5,103.8
Thanh Khe 10 wards 9.3 3.6 205,341 18,046.06 46,739.1
Hoàng Sa 305 118 0 0 0
Total 45 wards, 11 communes 1,479.1 571.1 1,230,847 628.58 1,628.0



Da Nang is the leading industrial center of central Vietnam. Its GDP per capita was 19 million VND in 2007, one of the highest in Vietnam (after Hồ Chí Minh City, Hanoi, Bình Dương Province, and Đồng Nai Province).[49] By 2009, this had increased to 27.3 million VND.[50]

Da Nang led the Provincial Competitiveness Index rankings in 2008, 2009, and 2010 (and was second after Bình Dương Province in the three years before that), benefiting mostly from good infrastructure, good performance in labour training, transparency, proactive provincial leadership and low entry costs.[citation needed]

Exports million US$ (2007)[51] Imports million US$ (2007)[51]
Total 469.6 Total 522.1
Textiles 139.8 Machinery, equipment 237.2
Aquatic products 75.2 Materials for garments 77
Handicraft products 51.6 Iron, steel 41.6
Coffee 47.6 Medicaments 24.9
Footwear 17.7 Chemical fertilizer 22.5
Rice 8 Motorbikes 0.45

Exports increased to US$575 million in 2008, but fell back to US$475 million in 2009.[50]

Agriculture, forestry, fishing


Despite its status as a city, 37,800 people in Da Nang were employed in agriculture, forestry and fishing as of 2007, producing 45,000t of rice and 41,000t of fish.[51] However, employment in these sectors had a clear negative trend in the first decade of the 21st century.[51] Gross output has also been decreasing during the second half of the decade.[50] Given Da Nang's lack of agricultural land (9200ha as of 2007) and its location at the coast, fishing has been contributing more to the economy than agriculture, with a gross output more than twice that of agriculture.[51]

Free Trade Zone (Da Nang FTZ)


Da Nang Hi-tech Park




Da Nang is a diversified industrial center, including industries such as machinery, electrics, chemicals, shipbuilding, and textiles.[52] Specific industrial products include aquatic products, fabric, clothes, bricks, fertilizer, cement, soap, paper, and medical tablets.[51] The city's industry may diversify further. EADS is planning to set up an industrial park focused on the aviation industry in Da Nang.[53]

As of 2007, Da Nang industry was dominated by the state sector, which made up 57% of gross output. This is about the same as its share in 2000.[51] Over 80% of the state industry is centrally managed (in other words: belongs to state corporations headquartered in Hanoi).[51] Almost half of the rest is contributed by the foreign-invested sector, while the private domestic sector is still relatively small and has not been able to significantly increase its share compared to the state sector. Industry grew by an average of 14.8% per year from 2000 to 2007, making it the main engine of economic growth. However, it has the second lowest industrial growth rate in the South Central Coast (behind only Khanh Hoa Province). Employment has grown at an average of 5.75%, reaching 118,900 in 2007.[49]


Inside Hàn Market.

Historically, Da Nang's main marketplace has been the Hàn Market (Vietnamese: Chợ Hàn), which is downtown near the west bank of the Hàn River, between Tran Phu and Bach Dang Streets. This market, much like Ben Thanh Market in Saigon, offers a wide variety of goods sold by many different vendors, such as clothing, silk, jewelry, flowers, foodstuffs such as dried fruit and fish, as well as coffee, tea and wine (including Vietnamese snake wine). [citation needed]



Many new construction projects are underway in Da Nang, including several beachfront resorts such as the US$130 million Hyatt Regency Danang Resort & Spa, and the Beach Resort complex (including Ocean Villas and Marriott Hotel) in Ngu Hanh Son.[54] Another ambitious project, the US$250 million Da Phuoc International New Town aims to construct an entirely new urban area on reclaimed land on the city's north sea coast, making it the first major land reclamation project in Central Vietnam. Plans for the Đa Phước project include the erection of a hotel and several smaller resorts, a 33-story apartment block and 60-story office block, an 18-hole golf course, a marina, as well as villas and international schools.[55][56]




A gateway leading to Huyen Khong Cave in the Marble Mountains
A cable car in the Bà Nà Mountains
The Dragon bridge

The tourism sector is a vital component of Da Nang's economy. Its status as a transportation hub for central Vietnam and its proximity to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Imperial City of Hue, the Old Town of Hoi An, and the My Son ruins fuels much of its tourist activity.

Mỹ Sơn is an archaeological site dating back more than a thousand years, in Quang Nam. Located in a remote forested valley some 70 km west of Da Nang, this former capital and religious center of the Champa kingdom once contained in excess of 70 style temples and stupas. Although badly damaged by bombing raids in the 1960s, the site still has more than 20 structures and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999. Many statues, sculptures and reliefs recovered from Mỹ Sơn are kept in the Museum of Cham Sculpture, near the Hàn River in the heart of Da Nang. Dating from the fourth to the 14th centuries, the sensual artwork on these works depicts daily activities as well as Hindu and Buddhist religious themes.

The Marble Mountains are rocky limestone outcrops jutting out of the beach just south of Da Nang. Paths lead to the top of the forested cliffs, providing views of Non Nuoc Beach and the South China Sea. The caves in the cliffs were originally inhabited by the Cham people. Later, the Nguyen dynasty built numerous pagodas among the caves. The Marble Mountains are home to various artisans producing sculpture and artwork at its base at Non Nuoc Village.

Non Nuoc Beach is a white sandy beach on the outskirts of Đà Nẵng that is renowned for its history as an R&R destination for American troops during the Vietnam War. Today, the beach, along with Mỹ Khê beach to the north, are home to expensive resorts, surfing, and entertainment facilities. Ba Na Hills is a mountain resort with a 5 km-long cable car system which carries guests up to Ba Na's peak at 1487m above sea level. Son Tra Mountain, just some miles away from the city centre with some wild streams and resorts along the seaside. [citation needed]

The central coastal city of Da Nang saw a significant growth in international tourist arrivals in 2017, according to the city's Department of Tourism. In 2017, about 6.6 million visitors came to Da Nang, up 19% over the previous year and 4.8% higher than its yearly target. The figure included 4.3 million domestic tourists, up 11.3% year-on-year.

The central city earned over VND19.4 trillion (US$853.96 million) in revenue, an increase of 20.6% from 2016. Statistics also show that the city witnessed an impressive increase in the number of visitors by air which stood at over 1.58 million, up 74.4% while by-car visitors via Thailand and Laos was estimated at 14,120.[57]



Central Vietnamese cuisine, particularly the cuisine of Da Nang, is well known through Vietnam, and growing in popularity internationally. Da Nang is famous for its flavorful dishes, such as Mì Quảng, Bún chả cá (fish ball noodle soup),Bánh tráng cuốn thịt heo( Dry pancake roll with pork), Banh xeo (Crispy pancake), Nem lui (Lemongrass Pork Skewers).[58]


Gymnasiums of Da Nang

Da Nang's football club, SHB Da Nang F.C., play in the V-League 2 recently demoted from V.League 1, Vietnam's top professional football league in 2023. They were one of the most highly ranked teams in V.League 1, having emerged from competition as champions of the 2009 V-League. In the same year, they also completed the double by winning the Vietnamese Cup. They also qualified for the 2010 AFC Champions League and the 2010 AFC Cup; although they did not advance past the qualifying play-off in the Champions League,[59] they advanced to the quarter-finals of the AFC Cup after defeating Becamex Bình Dương in extra time.[60] Several Da Nang F.C. players also play for the Vietnam national team, including defender Võ Hoàng Quảng and midfielder Phan Thanh Hưng. SHB Da Nang F.C. play their home games at the Chi Lăng Stadium, a 30,000-seat stadium in Hải Châu District.


A sign at the University of Đà Nẵng's main campus, on Le Duan Street.

There are several universities located in Da Nang, with campuses in many locations throughout the city, as well as satellite campuses in surrounding regions.

The city has 17 high schools, of which Le Quy Don High School for the Gifted is among the leading high schools in Vietnam.

There is also a sizable presence of overseas education representatives in Da Nang. Campus France[64] is a French-government agency in Da Nang, which promotes the learning of the French language and supports students in the location of study opportunities in France. English Language Institute[61] is a learning center built by the University of Queensland, Australia, targeting English teaching in addition to serving as an IELTS testing provider. Singapore International School is an international school in Da Nang.



There are over 37 ethnicities and foreigners living together in the city.[65][66] Among them, the Kinh ethnic group is the largest with 883,343 people, followed by the Chinese with 2,974 people, the Co Tu ethnic group with 1,198 people, and other minority ethnic groups such as the Tay with 224 people, the Ede with 222 people, the Muong with 183 people, and the Gia Rai with 154 people... the smallest ethnic groups are the Chơ Ro, Hani, Si La and Ơ Đu with only one person each.[67][68]




A Vietnam Airlines jet is boarded in front of the new terminal of Da Nang International Airport

Đà Nẵng is at the end of the East–West Economic Corridor (EWEC), which stretches over Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, and Burma (Myanmar).[69][70] The city Department of Transport has asked Yokohama City, Japan, to cooperate in transit-oriented development.[71]

By air

Da Nang International Airport.

Da Nang International Airport, located at the centre of the city, is the third largest international airport in Vietnam. It is an important gateway to access central Vietnam. The airport was known as Da Nang Air Base during the Vietnam War, during which time it was described as the world's busiest airport.[31] During the month of May 1968, the base reached an average of 2,595 air traffic operations daily, more than any airport in the world.[32] As of June 2011, the airport has domestic connections to Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Haiphong, Vinh, Buon Ma Thuot, Da Lat, Nha Trang, and Can Tho, as well as international connections to Seoul (South Korea), Tokyo (Japan), Singapore, and Taipei (Taiwan).

Beginning 16 December 2011, Air Asia, a Malaysian low-cost carrier, began offering four flights a week between Đà Nẵng and Kuala Lumpur. A new international terminal opened in December 2011[72] allowing further connections to destinations such as Phnom Penh (Cambodia), Thailand, Hong Kong, Japan, and Australia.[73]

As of November 2015, Da Nang International airport has been undergoing extensive renovations.[74]

By land

The Hải Vân Pass
Hai Van Tunnel North Entrance

Da Nang is a major station along the North–South Railway, also known as the Reunification Express.[75]

National Highways 1 and 14B run through the city, providing road connections to Hanoi in the north and Ho Chi Minh City in the south, as well as the Central Highlands and Laos to the west. The Hai Pass is a mountain pass separating Da Nang and Thừa Thiên Huế Province, where Highway 1A passes through. To cut down on transit time and the danger to motorists from navigating the twisting mountain road, the Hải Vân Tunnel was built, opening in 2005. It is the longest tunnel in south-east Asia at 6.28 km, and allows motorists to save between 30 minutes and an hour on traveling times over the old Hải Vân Pass route.[76] An expressway between Da Nang and nearby Quang Ngai has completed its construction in 2018.[77][78]

Several bridges cross the Han River and its tributaries in Da Nang, including the iconic Han River Bridge, Tran Thi Ly Bridge, Nguyen Van Troi Bridge, Tuyen Son Bridge and the recently completed Thuan Phuoc Bridge, which is the longest suspension bridge in Vietnam.[79] The Dragon River Bridge will cross the Han River at the Le Dinh Duong/Bach Dang roundabout, offering tourists coming from Đà Nẵng International Airport a more direct route to My Khe and Non Nuoc beaches, along the city's eastern edge.

By sea

The Legend of the Seas calls at Da Nang Port in February 2009.

Da Nang's port system is the third largest in Vietnam after Ho Chi Minh City and Haiphong. In 2008, Da Nang's port handled 2.7 million tons of cargo, of which 1.2 million tons were exports, 525,900 tons were imports, and 985,600 tons were domestic cargo. Over 29,600 passengers passed through the port in 2008, a significant increase over previous years.[80] The port system consists of two areas: Tiên Sa Seaport, and Song Hàn Terminal. Tien Sa Seaport has a navigation depth of 11 m (36 ft), and is able to receive medium range tankers of up to 45,000 DWT, as well as container ships and large cruise ships. The approach to Song Hàn Terminal is 12 nmi (22 km) long with a navigation depth of 6–7 m (20–23 ft), and can accommodate vessels of up to 5,000 DWT. Vietnam National Shipping Lines (Vinalines) is the port authority for Đà Nẵng's port system.[80]

Despite the fact that the port's infrastructure is not specifically designed to accommodate cruise ships, the number of large cruise ships docking at Da Nang Port has increased in recent years.[81] In the first two months of 2010 alone, 12 cruise ships docked in Da Nang, carrying 6,477 passengers.[82]

Cruise ships also dock at Chân Mây Port,[83][84] which is located 50 km from Da Nang through the Hải Vân Tunnel.

International relations


Twin towns - sister cities


Da Nang is twinned with:[85]

Cooperation and friendship


In addition to its twin towns, Da Nang cooperates with:[85]

Friendship port


Consulates General

  • People's Republic of China[91]
  • Japan[92]
  • Republic of Korea[93]
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic[94]
  • The Russian Federation[95]


  1. ^ See also Danang Dragons
  2. ^ "Hearing the sudden gunfire, we know that the Western ships anchored at Vung Thung yesterday" ("Tai nghe súng nổ cái đùng, Tàu Tây đã lại Vũng Thùng hôm qua"). "Name of Danang through periods of time". Da Nang People's Committee. 3 January 2004. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2011.


  1. ^ Biểu số 4.3: Hiện trạng sử dụng đất vùng Bắc Trung Bộ và Duyên hải miền Trung năm 2022 [Table 4.3: Current land use status in the North Central and South Central Coast regions in 2022] (PDF) (Decision 3048/QĐ-BTNMT) (in Vietnamese). Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (Vietnam). 18 October 2023. – the data in the report are in hectares, rounded to integers
  2. ^ a b c General Statistics Office of Vietnam (2023). Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam 2022 (PDF). Statistical Publishing House (Vietnam). ISBN 978-604-75-2429-7.
  3. ^ General Statistics Office of Vietnam (2019). Completed Results of the 2019 Viet Nam Population and Housing Census (PDF). Statistical Publishing House (Vietnam). ISBN 978-604-75-1532-5. Archived from the original on 2021-01-10. Retrieved 2021-01-01.
  4. ^ Also called Kinh people
  5. ^ "Tăng trưởng GRDP Đà Nẵng 2019 thấp nhất trong 5 TP trực thuộc Trung ương" (in Vietnamese). Tuổi Trẻ. December 28, 2019. Archived from the original on January 25, 2021. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  6. ^ General Statistics Office of Vietnam (2021). Báo cáo Chỉ số phát triển con người Việt Nam giai đoạn 2016 – 2020 [Vietnam's Human Development Index (2016-2020)] (PDF) (Report). pp. 29–30. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2022-10-08. Retrieved 2023-03-10.
  7. ^ Asia, T. T. G. "Vietnam's Danang bans tourists after two Covid cases in months | TTG Asia". www.ttgasia.com. Archived from the original on 2021-05-21. Retrieved 2021-05-21.
  8. ^ Wells, John (3 April 2008). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.). Pearson Longman. ISBN 978-1-4058-8118-0.
  9. ^ Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs (27 May 2010). "Background Note: Vietnam". U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2017-01-22. Retrieved 2010-06-21.
  10. ^ "Quyết định số 145/2003/QĐ/TTg ngày 15/7/2003". Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2010-02-24.
  11. ^ a b "VietNamNet". vietnamnet.vn. Archived from the original on 2020-09-21. Retrieved 2020-07-16.
  12. ^ "Bộ Tài Chính - Trang bảo trì Cổng thông tin điện tử Bộ Tài Chính". mof.gov.vn. Retrieved 2024-05-07.
  13. ^ "APEC economic leaders issue Da Nang Declaration". VietNamNet News. Retrieved 2024-05-07.
  14. ^ General Statistics Office of Vietnam (2021). Vietnam's Human Development Index (2016–2020) (Report). p. 29. Archived from the original on 18 May 2022. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
  15. ^ a b c "Names of Đà Nẵng through periods of time". Danang People's Committee. 3 January 2004. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  16. ^ Bùi Minh Quốc. Hỏi đáp về Quảng Nam-Đà Nẵng [Questions and Answers about Quảng Nam-Đà Nẵng].
  17. ^ "Năm mới nói chuyện tên quê". Báo Đà Nẵng. Archived from the original on 2020-07-16. Retrieved 2020-07-16.
  18. ^ Footprint Vietnam. Footprint Travel Guides. 2008. p. 202. ISBN 978-1-906098-13-1. Archived from the original on 12 August 2021. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  19. ^ "KINGDOM OF CHAMPA". Archived from the original on 2012-05-03. Retrieved 2012-09-20.
  20. ^ Lê Thành Khôi, Histoire du Vietnam, p.122, 141.
  21. ^ Ngô Vǎn Doanh, Champa, p.34; Ngô Vǎn Doanh, Mỹ Sơn Relics, p.75-76.
  22. ^ Doling, Tim (2020-01-01). "Dien Hai – Da Nang's Forgotten Vauban Citadel". Historic Vietnam. Retrieved 2024-05-07.
  23. ^ "HOI AN's History". Angelfire. Archived from the original on 2010-07-18. Retrieved 2010-07-14.
  24. ^ a b Miller, Robert Hopkins (1990). "The Franklin and Captain White". The United States and Vietnam, 1787–1941. Washington, D.C.: National Defense University Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-7881-0810-5. OCLC 90013317. Retrieved June 23, 2012.[permanent dead link]
  25. ^ Trow, Charles Edward (1905), "Chapter XXII", The old shipmasters of Salem, New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons, pp. 251–266, OCLC 4669778, Captain White's Journal.
  26. ^ Nicholas Tarling (editor), The Cambridge History of south-east Asia: Vol. 2, The nineteenth and twentieth centuries (1992), p. 42; Google Books Archived 2016-06-03 at the Wayback Machine.
  27. ^ "Da Nang Port". CruiseBe. Archived from the original on 2021-12-31. Retrieved 2021-12-31.
  28. ^ Peter N. Stearns, ed. (2001). The encyclopedia of world history: ancient, medieval, and modern, chronologically arranged. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 575. ISBN 0-395-65237-5.[permanent dead link]
  29. ^ "Danang History". Danang People's Committee. 2004-01-03. Archived from the original on 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2010-07-09.
  30. ^ timdolinghcmc@gmail.com (2019-07-10). "By Tram to Hoi An". HISTORIC VIETNAM. Retrieved 2024-05-05.
  31. ^ a b John Edmund Delezen (2003). Eye of the tiger: memoir of a United States marine, Third Force Recon Company, Vietnam. McFarland. p. 54. ISBN 0-7864-1656-4. Archived from the original on 12 August 2021. Retrieved 14 July 2010.
  32. ^ a b AACS – Air Communication. Turner Publishing. 2004. ISBN 1-56311-976-5. Archived from the original on 2021-08-12. Retrieved 2020-10-25.
  33. ^ timdolinghcmc@gmail.com (2019-12-15). "K20 Resistance Base in Da Nang". HISTORIC VIETNAM. Retrieved 2024-05-05.
  34. ^ https://kienthuc.net.vn (2018-06-14). "Soi sân bay Nước Mặn ở Đà Nẵng thời chiến tranh VN". trithuccuocsong.vn. Retrieved 2024-05-05. {{cite web}}: External link in |last= (help)
  35. ^ "Da Nang city on its way to becoming Vietnam's third special urban area". THE VOICE OF VIETNAM. 2022-02-11. Retrieved 2022-02-19.
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Location and Natural Conditions". www.danang.gov.vn. Da Nang People’s Committee. Archived from the original on 9 October 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  37. ^ Eldridge M. Moores; Rhodes Whitmore Fairbridge (1997). Encyclopedia of European and Asian regional geology. Chapman & Hall encyclopedia of earth sciences. Vol. 19. Springer. p. 778. ISBN 0-412-74040-0. Archived from the original on 12 August 2021. Retrieved 9 August 2010.
  38. ^ "Klimatafel von Dà Nang (Tourane) / Vietnam" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 November 2019. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  39. ^ "Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology" (PDF).
  40. ^ Archived copy Archived 10 May 2021 at the Wayback Machine
  41. ^ "General Statistics Office of Vietnam". Archived from the original on 2018-11-06. Retrieved 2019-04-03.
  42. ^ "Dân số trung bình phân theo đơn vị hành chính cấp huyện - Chuyên trang Thông tin Kinh tế - Xã hội". danang.gov.vn. Retrieved 2024-05-04.
  43. ^ a b "General Statistics Office Of Vietnam". www.gso.gov.vn. Archived from the original on 2011-05-20. Retrieved 2010-08-09.
  44. ^ a b c d e f General Statistics Office (2012): Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam 2011. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi
  45. ^ Statistical Handbook of Vietnam 2014 Archived July 6, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, General Statistics Office Of Vietnam
  46. ^ The data of local administrative subdivisions till 31/12/2008 by Vietnam Statistics General Office Archived 2010-02-01 at the Wayback Machine.
  47. ^ The Paracel Islands are not currently administered by Da Nang city officials; see South China Sea dispute for more details.
  48. ^ a b Danang population Archived 2011-09-30 at the Wayback Machine. Danang People's Committee.
  49. ^ a b calculations based on General Statistics Office (2009): Socio-economical Statistical Data of 63 Provinces and Cities. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi
  50. ^ a b c Bình Định Statistics Office (2010): Bình Định Statistical Yearbook 2009. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi
  51. ^ a b c d e f g h General Statistics Office (2009): Socio-economic Statistical Data of 63 Provinces and Cities, Vietnam. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi
  52. ^ Atlat Dia li Viet Nam (Geographical Atlas of Vietnam). NXB Giao Duc, Hanoi: 2010
  53. ^ "Dự án công nghiệp hàng không Đà Nẵng". BBC Vietnamese. 10 June 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
  54. ^ "Đà Nẵng: Coastal real estate market bustling". Archived from the original on 2010-08-11. Retrieved 2010-08-13.
  55. ^ US$250-million for Daphuoc International New Town Project in Đà Nẵng City
  56. ^ "Daewon breaks ground for first urban area on reclaimed land". Archived from the original on 2010-08-31. Retrieved 2010-08-13.
  57. ^ "Da Nang sees significant growth in foreign visitors in 2017". Vietnam National Administration of Tourism. Archived from the original on 2017-12-22. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
  58. ^ "Guide". Viet Nam guide. Archived from the original on 20 July 2020. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  59. ^ "AFC Champions League 2010: Schedule & Results". Asian Football Confederation. Archived from the original on 28 June 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  60. ^ "Ðà Nẵng 4-3 Bình Dương". Asian Football Confederation. 12 May 2010. Archived from the original on 28 June 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  61. ^ a b "English Language Institute, Da Nang". Archived from the original on 2016-01-09. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
  62. ^ "Medical School Website". Archived from the original on 2015-12-30. Retrieved 2016-01-04.
  63. ^ "Dong A University Website". Archived from the original on 2016-01-07. Retrieved 2016-01-04.
  64. ^ "Contact CampusFrance Da Nang". Archived from the original on 2018-11-22.
  65. ^ "ĐÀ NẴNG- Đình Bồ Bản". toquoc.vn (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2024-06-19.
  66. ^ "Một số thông tin cơ bản về Đà Nẵng". Trang tin điện tử của Ủy ban Dân tộc. Retrieved 2024-06-19.
  67. ^ "Đà Nẵng: Phát huy vai trò người có uy tín trong đồng bào dân tộc thiểu số". Báo điện tử Tiền Phong (in Vietnamese). 2023-06-03. Retrieved 2024-06-19.
  68. ^ "Kết quả toàn bộ Tổng điều tra Dân số và Nhà ở Việt Nam năm 2009". Tổng cục Thống kê Việt Nam. Retrieved 2024-06-19.
  69. ^ "Da Nang to Develop Its Logistics Services to Become a Key Logistics Center for Viet Nam's Central KER and the EWEC". Greater Mekong Subregion. Retrieved 7 May 2024.
  70. ^ "Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Road Network in 2015 (ADB)". AmCham Vietnam - HCMC & Danang. Retrieved 2024-05-07.
  71. ^ "Da Nang researches on public transport-oriented urban development". DaNangEnglish (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2024-05-07.
  72. ^ "New terminal opens in Da Nang". Viet Nam News. Archived from the original on 25 January 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
  73. ^ "Malaysian low cost carrier opens new international terminal in December 2011"[permanent dead link]
  74. ^ VnExpress. "Vietnam's Da Nang launches $154 mln airport terminal for APEC - VnExpress International". VnExpress International – Latest news, business, travel and analysis from Vietnam. Retrieved 2024-05-07.
  75. ^ "A Complete Guide To The Da Nang Train Station". Hidden Hoian. 2019-01-21. Retrieved 2024-05-07.
  76. ^ "Hai Van Tunnel Construction Project | Vietnam | Countries & Regions | JICA". www.jica.go.jp. Retrieved 2024-05-04.
  77. ^ Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus) (2018-09-02). "Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway fully put into use". Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus). Retrieved 2024-05-04.
  78. ^ "Da Nang-Quang Ngai Expressway to open to traffic on National Day". SGGP English Edition. 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2024-05-04.
  79. ^ "Vietnam's longest suspension bridge inaugurated". Danang Investment Promotion Center. 23 July 2009. Archived from the original on 4 March 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
  80. ^ a b "Da Nang Port". World Port Source. Archived from the original on 2010-12-01. Retrieved 2010-05-13.
  81. ^ Hai Chau (2007-01-31). "Đà Nẵng: more tourists, more worries". VietnamNet. Archived from the original on 2008-03-28.
  82. ^ "Seabourn Odyssey Cruise Ship brings 352 visitors to Danang". Danang.gov.vn. 19 March 2010. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
  83. ^ "Thu hút dòng khách "hạng sang" đến Huế". baothuathienhue.vn. Retrieved 2024-05-04.
  84. ^ baogiaothong.vn. "Chân Mây cần gì để thành cảng du thuyền?". Báo Giao thông (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2024-05-04.
  85. ^ a b "Thành phố anh em" (in Vietnamese). Da Nang. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  86. ^ "Tanger et Da Nang liées par un accord de jumelage" (in French). Le Matin. 2019-03-29. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  87. ^ "Relaciones Internacionales de los Municipios" (in Spanish). Pensamiento Libre. 2016-03-02. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  88. ^ "Partnerské mestá mesta Košice" (in Slovak). Košice. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  89. ^ Hồng, Trần Thị Thúy (2023-05-25). "Cảng Kawasaki (Nhật Bản) - Cảng Đà Nẵng: Mối quan hệ hữu nghị, hợp tác ngày càng bền chặt". Da Nang Port. Retrieved 2024-05-04.
  90. ^ "Friendship Port Vietnam Da Nang Port | Indoor facilities | Kawasaki Marien". www.kawasakiport.or.jp. Retrieved 2024-05-04.
  91. ^ "亚洲_中华人民共和国外交部". www.mfa.gov.cn. Retrieved 2024-05-17.
  92. ^ "Consulate General of Japan in Da Nang". Consulate General of Japan in Da Nang.
  93. ^ "Tổng Lãnh sự quán Đại Hàn Dân Quốc tại Đà Nẵng". overseas.mofa.go.kr. Retrieved 2024-05-17.
  94. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Laos - Consulate General of Lao PDR to Danang". www.mofa.gov.la. Retrieved 2024-05-17.
  95. ^ "Consulates General of Russia in Danang and Ho Chi Minh City". Embassy of the Russian Federation in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Retrieved 2024-05-17.