Črni Vrh, Idrija

Črni Vrh (pronounced [ˈtʃəɾni ˈʋəɾx]; sometimes Črni Vrh nad Idrijo,[2] German: Schwarzenberg[3]) is a settlement in the hills south of Idrija in the traditional Inner Carniola region of Slovenia.[3] It includes the hamlets of Zgornja Vas (Slovene: Zgornja vas), Spodnja Vas (Spodnja vas), Trate, Trebče, and Zidiše.[2]

Črni Vrh
Črni Vrh nad Idrijo1.JPG
Črni Vrh is located in Slovenia
Črni Vrh
Črni Vrh
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 45°55′19.42″N 14°2′43.04″E / 45.9220611°N 14.0452889°E / 45.9220611; 14.0452889Coordinates: 45°55′19.42″N 14°2′43.04″E / 45.9220611°N 14.0452889°E / 45.9220611; 14.0452889
CountryFlag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Traditional regionInner Carniola
Statistical regionGorizia
MunicipalityIdrija
Area
 • Total5.98 km2 (2.31 sq mi)
Elevation
734.4 m (2,409.4 ft)
Population
 (2002)
 • Total656 (Source: SURS 2013)
[1]

NameEdit

The name Črni Vrh literally means 'black pass' and was originally an oronym that was later transferred to the settlement. The epithet 'black' refers to dark, coniferous woods. The Slovene word vrh refers not only to a mountain peak, but may also refer to a saddle or mountain pass. This is the case with Črni Vrh, referring to the pass to the southwest that leads to Col and Ajdovščina.[4]

HistoryEdit

During the Second World War, a Slovene Home Guard post was established in Črni Vrh in August 1944.[2][5][6] The post came under Partisan attack and was destroyed on September 1, 1944.[2] The post commander, Lieutenant Jože Jakoš (1920–1944), and his second-in-command, Sergeant Tone Grum (1921–1944), were killed in the attack, along with the priest Rudolf Trček.[5][6] Altogether, 47 Home Guard soldiers and six civilians were killed, and another 35 Home Guard soldiers were taken prisoner.[5] The attack also resulted in the destruction and burning of a large part of the village.[2][5]

ChurchEdit

The parish church in the settlement is dedicated to Saint Josse and belongs to the Diocese of Koper.[7] The church dates from the 19th century and has a polygonal chancel walled on three sides, a wide rectangular nave, and a belltower. It is roofed with clay tiles. Original furnishings include the Baroque altar in the chancel. The church is located in the center of the village.[8]

Other cultural heritageEdit

In addition to Saint Josse's church, other sites in Črni Vrh are registered as cultural heritage.

  • The Zidiše archaeological site (Slovene: Arheološko območje Na Zidišah) is an unexcavated site. There was a fortified post at the site that formed part of an Alpine defense system in late antiquity.[9]
  • The house at Črni Vrh no. 1 dates from the second half of the 19th century. It is a two-story building with six bays, a gabled roof, and two door casings on the main facade. It stands east of the village, along the road to Predgriže.[10]
  • The house at Črni Vrh no. 47 stands in the center of the village. It is a prominent two-story house from the 19th century that shows the influence of townhouse architecture.[11]
  • The house and hayrack at Črni Vrh no. 23 are located in the hamlet of Trebče. The house is a two-story structure that was remodeled in 1924. It has four bays and a wooden door casing with a coffered door. A single straight-line hayrack stands next to the house.[12]
  • A chapel dedicated to the Holy Cross stands in the cemetery northwest of Črni Vrh. It was built in the 19th century in a neo-Gothic style. It has a polygonal chancel walled on three sides and a somewhat wider and higher rectangular nave. The outer walls feature buttresses.[13]
  • The Kampeljc Chapel-Shrine (Slovene: Kampeljcova kapelica) stands west of the settlement at Mountain Top Pass (prelaz Vrh Gore). It dates from the end of the 19th century and has the form of a miniature church. It has a portico with a belfry and a rectangular interior containing a statue of the Virgin Mary.[14]
  • The Kočar cross (Slovene: Kočarjev križ) is attached to the column of a hayrack at Črni Vrh no. 34. It is a wooden crucifix created by a self-taught wood carver from the Kučar farm at the end of the 19th century.[15]
  • A wooden crucifix on a stone base stands along the main road to Godovič, west of the farm at Črni Vrh no. 108. It is a typical example of 19th-century wood carving.[16]
  • The Plešnar Hayrack (Slovene: Plešnarjev kozolec) is a single straight-line hayrack dating from the 20th century. It has three masonry columns and two wooden ones, and is covered with asbestos-cement roofing. It stands on the north edge of the village along the road to Zadlog.[17]
  • The Plešnar Chapel-Shrine (Slovene: Plešnarjeva kapelica) stands on the north end of the village, along the road to Zalog. It dates from the 19th century. It has a low-pitched roof, a gable with a classical tympanum configuration, and a lancet entrance and side window.[18]
  • The Tinče Chapel-Shrine (Slovene: Tinčetova kapelica) was built at the end of the 19th century and is dedicated to the Virgin Mary. It has an apse, a steeply pitched metal roof, and a lancet entrance. It stands next to the cemetery northwest of the village.[19]
  • A wayside shrine in the shape of a crucifix stands in front of the house at Črni Vrh no. 53. It dates from 1897.[20]

Notable peopleEdit

Notable people that were born or lived in Črni Vrh include:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Savnik, Roman, ed. 1968. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 1. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, p. 68.
  3. ^ a b Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. 1906. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 124.
  4. ^ Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 102.
  5. ^ a b c d Velikonja, Tine. 2010. Pade Črni Vrh nad Idrijo. Zaveza 40 (November 16).
  6. ^ a b Črni vrh – Turjak primorskih Slovencev. 1944. Slovenec 72(213): 2.
  7. ^ Koper Diocese list of churches
  8. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 3616
  9. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 23191
  10. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 20770
  11. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 4919
  12. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 20771
  13. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 3617
  14. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 13833
  15. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 19461
  16. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 19462
  17. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 23597
  18. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 19463
  19. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 19464
  20. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 85
  21. ^ Slovenski Biografski Leksikon: Hladnik Matej (in Slovene)
  22. ^ Rahten, Andrej, & Andraž Zidar. 2011. "Vladimir Ciril Miselj." In Igor Grdina (ed.), Med domom in svetom (= Biografske in bibliografske študije 5), pp. 131–148. Ljubljana: ZRC.

External linksEdit