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Čáslav (Czech pronunciation: [ˈtʃaːslaf]; German: Tschaslau, Hungarian: Császló) is a town in eastern part of Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.

Čáslav
Town
Town square
Town square
Flag of Čáslav
Flag
Coat of arms of Čáslav
Coat of arms
Čáslav is located in Czech Republic
Čáslav
Čáslav
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°54′42″N 15°23′42″E / 49.91167°N 15.39500°E / 49.91167; 15.39500Coordinates: 49°54′42″N 15°23′42″E / 49.91167°N 15.39500°E / 49.91167; 15.39500
Country Czech Republic
RegionCentral Bohemian
DistrictKutná Hora
Founded800
Government
 • MayorVlastislav Málek
Area
 • Total26.46 km2 (10.22 sq mi)
Elevation
231 m (758 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01[1])
 • Total10,326
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
286 01
Websitewww.meucaslav.cz

Contents

HistoryEdit

The history of Čáslav begins after the year 800 with the founding of a citadel and settlement called Hrádek. Near Hrádek, a new town with a huge square was founded by King Přemysl Otakar II in 1250. In 1421, Bohemian parliament debated in Čáslav and voted in a new Hussite government.

During the Thirty Years' War, in 1639 and 1642, Čáslav was devastated and burnt down by Swedish troops. In 1751 Čáslav became the centre of region (county). Čáslav Museum, one of the oldest regional museums in Bohemia was founded in 1864. In 1910, part of the cranium of famous Hussite general Jan Žižka z Trocnova was discovered in Čáslav parish church.

SynagogueEdit

The synagogue was built between 1899 and 1900 in Moorish style, designed by architect Wilhelm Stiassny. It was used until 1939 by the local Jewish community, which was then almost totally wiped out during The Holocaust. After World War II the abandoned building saw use as a warehouse, and then (between 1969–1989) as a gallery. In 1989, however, it was returned to the Jewish Community in Prague and has recently been restored.

SportEdit

Čáslav is sometimes called a town of majorettes, because of the local town team, which are winning medals from Czech and world competitions one by one.

Two of the most known sportswomen from Čáslav are Ludmila Formanová and Jarmila Kratochvílová, both World Champions in running at 800 m.[2]

Air BaseEdit

To the northeast of the city is an active air base of the Czech Air Force.[3]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  2. ^ http://www.czechcities.eu/caslav/
  3. ^ http://www.afbcaslav.cz/

External linksEdit