Övertorneå Municipality

Övertorneå Municipality (Swedish: Övertorneå kommun, Meänkieli: Matarengi) is a municipality in Norrbotten County in northern Sweden, bordering Finland. Its seat is located in Övertorneå.

Övertorneå Municipality
Övertorneå kommun
Övertorneå Railway Station
Övertorneå Railway Station
Coat of arms of Övertorneå Municipality
Övertorneå Municipality in Norrbotten County.png
Coordinates: 66°23′N 23°40′E / 66.383°N 23.667°E / 66.383; 23.667Coordinates: 66°23′N 23°40′E / 66.383°N 23.667°E / 66.383; 23.667
CountrySweden
CountyNorrbotten County
SeatÖvertorneå
Area
 • Total2,492.29 km2 (962.28 sq mi)
 • Land2,362.07 km2 (912.00 sq mi)
 • Water130.22 km2 (50.28 sq mi)
 Area as of 1 January 2014.
Population
 (31 December 2019)[2]
 • Total4,299
 • Density1.7/km2 (4.5/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeSE
ProvinceNorrbotten
Municipal code2518
Websitewww.overtornea.se

Until the Finnish War (1808–1809) Övertorneå and the Finnish Ylitornio were a single parish. Following the war, the eastern part of the municipality was ceded to Russia as a part of Finland. In 1870 a minor part of Övertorneå Municipality was split off, forming the rural municipality Korpilombolo (now part of Pajala Municipality). In 1969 Övertorneå and Hietaniemi municipalities were merged, forming the present municipality.

Many places in the municipality have both a Swedish and a Finnish name, in the local dialect of Finnish known as Meänkieli, one of the minority languages of Sweden.

LocalitiesEdit

There are four localities (or urban areas) in Övertorneå Municipality:[3]

# Locality Population
1 Övertorneå 1,965
2 Juoksengi 401
3 Hedenäset 285
4 Svanstein 207

The municipal seat in bold

Smaller localitiesEdit

There are nine smaller localities in Övertorneå Municipality:[4]

# Smaller locality Population
1 Pello 193
2 Kuivakangas 125
3 Aapua 122
4 Poikijärvi 107
5 Rantajärvi 102
6 Neistenkangas 93
7 Pudas 85
8 Haapakylä 59
9 Jänkisjärvi 52

ElectionsEdit

RiksdagEdit

These are the results of the elections to the Riksdag since the 1972 municipal reform. Norrbotten Party also contested the 1994 election but due to the party's small size at a nationwide level SCB did not publish the party's results at a municipal level. The same applies to the Sweden Democrats between 1988 and 1998. "Turnout" denotes the percentage of eligible voters casting any ballots, whereas "Votes" denotes the number of actual valid ballots cast.

Year Turnout Votes V S MP C L KD M SD ND NP/SP
1973[5] 89.4 4,174 13.8 43.3 0.0 31.1 2.0 1.0 7.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
1976[6] 91.1 4,186 13.5 44.3 0.0 29.7 2.6 1.2 8.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
1979[7] 91.2 4,147 11.7 45.0 0.0 27.1 3.0 1.5 8.8 0.0 0.0 0.0
1982[8] 89.9 4,059 10.8 50.1 0.6 23.5 1.8 1.7 9.8 0.0 0.0 0.0
1985[9] 88.0 3,950 11.8 49.8 0.3 23.1 4.6 0.0 10.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
1988[10] 83.8 3,617 10.9 48.6 2.1 20.2 5.1 2.5 9.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
1991[11] 83.0 3,536 10.1 46.9 1.2 19.8 4.0 4.4 10.6 0.0 2.9 0.0
1994[12] 84.3 3,628 12.2 52.6 1.9 16.2 2.4 2.8 9.7 0.0 0.3 0.0
1998[13] 80.5 3,357 22.0 39.6 2.7 11.6 1.4 8.3 12.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
2002[14] 74.7 2,929 12.8 36.8 3.0 11.7 2.6 6.1 6.3 0.1 0.0 20.1
2006[15] 74.9 2,785 11.7 43.9 2.7 14.9 3.2 4.6 12.7 1.0 0.0 4.2
2010[16] 80.7 2,901 10.5 52.2 2.6 11.4 2.8 3.4 13.5 3.4 0.0 0.0
2014[17] 80.5 2,733 10.1 47.6 2.8 11.1 2.2 3.6 10.7 11.0 0.0 0.0

Blocs

This lists the relative strength of the socialist and centre-right blocs since 1973, but parties not elected to the Riksdag are inserted as "other", including the Sweden Democrats results from 1988 to 2006, but also the Christian Democrats pre-1991 and the Greens in 1982, 1985 and 1991. The sources are identical to the table above. The coalition or government mandate marked in bold formed the government after the election. New Democracy got elected in 1991 but are still listed as "other" due to the short lifespan of the party.

Year Turnout Votes Left Right SD Other Elected
1973 89.4 4,174 57.1 40.8 0.0 2.1 97.9
1976 91.1 4,186 57.8 40.4 0.0 1.9 98.1
1979 91.2 4,147 56.7 38.9 0.0 4.4 95.6
1982 89.9 4,059 60.9 35.1 0.0 4.0 96.0
1985 88.0 3,950 61.6 38.0 0.0 0.4 99.6
1988 83.8 3,617 61.6 34.5 0.0 3.9 96.1
1991 83.0 3,536 57.0 38.8 0.0 4.2 98.7
1994 84.3 3,628 66.7 31.1 0.0 2.2 97.8
1998 80.5 3,357 64.3 34.0 0.0 1.7 98.3
2002 74.7 2,929 52.6 26.7 0.0 21.7 78.3
2006 74.9 2,785 58.3 35.4 0.0 6.3 93.7
2010 80.7 2,901 65.3 31.1 3.4 0.2 99.8
2014 80.5 2,733 60.5 27.6 11.0 0.9 99.1

SightsEdit

Two old wooden churches in Övertorneå and Hedenäset. The church in Övertorneå has an organ from the 17th century.

Juoksengi is intersected by the Arctic Circle and is known as the "Arctic Circle Village" (Polcirkelbyn).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Statistiska centralbyrån, Kommunarealer den 1 januari 2014" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 2014-01-01. Archived from the original (Microsoft Excel) on 2016-09-27. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  2. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 31 december 2019" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  3. ^ Statistics Sweden as of December 31, 2005
  4. ^ Statistics Sweden as of December 31, 2005 (in Swedish)
  5. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1973 (page 168)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  6. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1976 (page 163)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  7. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1979 (page 188)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  8. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1982 (page 189)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  9. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1985 (page 190)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1988 (page 169)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1991 (page 32)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1994 (page 46)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1998 (page 43)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  14. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Övertorneå kommun 2002" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  15. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Övertorneå kommun 2006" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Övertorneå kommun 2010" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  17. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Övertorneå kommun 2014" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 4 September 2017.

External linksEdit