Colonel (Col) (Swedish: Överste, Öv) is the most senior field grade military officer rank in the Swedish Army and the Swedish Air Force, immediately above the rank of lieutenant colonel and just below the rank of brigadier general. It is equivalent to the naval rank of captain in the Swedish Navy.[3]

Country Sweden
Service branchArmy
Air Force
Navy (Amphibious Corps)
AbbreviationÖv (Swedish),[1] Col (English)[2]
NATO rank codeOF-5
Non-NATO rankO-6
Next higher rankBrigadier General (2000–)
Senior Colonel (1972–2000)
Major General (–1972)
Next lower rankLieutenant Colonel
Equivalent ranksCaptain


Överste ("Colonel") is the name for the highest regimental officer rank. The name, sometimes in the connection with häröverste ("army colonel") and also generalöverste ("colonel general"), is as old as a standing army, that is, from the end of the Middle Ages. During the 16th and 17th centuries, a famous soldier was commissioned to recruit a regiment and was then appointed colonel at the head of it. The regiment was thus the colonel's belonging; he appointed, among other things, its officers. To the extent that the recruitment was immediately taken over by the state, the colonels began to be appointed by the king as well as the other officers. Even today, the colonel is usually the regimental commander.[4]

The rank of colonel was between the rank of lieutenant colonel and major general until 1972 when senior colonel rank was introduced. Thereafter, colonel was between lieutenant colonel and senior colonel from 1972 to 2000 when the brigadier general rank was introduced. Since 2000, the rank of colonel is between the lieutenant colonel and the brigadier general and the senior colonel (for those who still hold the rank, no new appointments are made) is between colonel and the brigadier general.[3]

Rank insigniaEdit

Collar patchesEdit

Shoulder marksEdit

Air ForceEdit


Navy (Amphibious Corps)Edit

Sleeve insigniasEdit

Air ForceEdit


Navy (Amphibious Corps)Edit




  1. ^ "Försvarsmaktens föreskrifter om personaltjänst (FFS 2019:6)" (PDF) (in Swedish). Swedish Armed Forces. 2019-12-02. p. 3. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  2. ^ "Försvarsmaktens gemensamma identitet – direktiv för användandet av Försvarsmaktens namn, profil och bild" (PDF). 1.3 (in Swedish). Swedish Armed Forces. 2013-09-16. p. 66. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 September 2020. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Förordning om ändring i officersförordningen (1994:882)" (PDF) (in Swedish). Swedish Code of Statutes. 26 June 2000. p. 2. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  4. ^ Westrin 1922, p. 42