Óbidos, Pará

Óbidos is a municipality in Pará, Brazil located at the narrowest and swiftest part of the Amazon River. It's an old town founded in 1697, and located between Santarém and Oriximiná. The town is the seat of the Diocese of Óbidos. The town was named after Óbidos, Portugal.

Óbidos
Municipio
The Municipality of Óbidos
Obidos Brazil - panoramio.jpg
Flag of Óbidos
Official seal of Óbidos
Location in the State of Pará
Location in the State of Pará
Country Brazil
RegionNorth
StateBandeira do Pará.svg Pará
FoundedSeptember 23, 1867
Government
 • MayorJaime Barbosa da Silva(PTB)
Area
 • Total28,021.287 km2 (10,819.079 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 [1])
 • Total52,306
 • Density1.76/km2 (4.6/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC-3)

ConservationEdit

The north of the municipality contains part (7.36%) of the 4,245,819 hectares (10,491,650 acres) Grão-Pará Ecological Station, the largest fully protected tropical forest conservation unit on the planet.[2] It contains 10% of the 3,172,978 hectares (7,840,600 acres) Trombetas State Forest, created in 2006.[3]

TransportationEdit

Óbidos is served by Óbidos Airport.

Sobral Santos II disasterEdit

Óbidos, Pará, in Brazil, was the scene of the sinking of Sobral Santos II in September 1981, one of the worst maritime tragedies in the history of the Amazon River. The riverboat was making its weekly trip between Santarém and Manaus and was claimed to be overcrowded when it sank in Óbidos harbour.[4] It is assumed over 300 people died in the disaster, with hundreds of bodies and body parts never identified.

VillagesEdit

ClimateEdit

The climate is tropical monsoon (Köppen: Am), with great differences in precipitation according to the seasons.[5]

Climate data for Óbidos (Downtown), elevation: 37 m or 121 ft, 1961-1990 normals and extremes
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.0
(87.8)
30.3
(86.5)
30.4
(86.7)
30.4
(86.7)
30.5
(86.9)
30.7
(87.3)
31.2
(88.2)
32.2
(90.0)
33.0
(91.4)
33.3
(91.9)
33.1
(91.6)
32.1
(89.8)
31.5
(88.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.2
(79.2)
25.7
(78.3)
25.8
(78.4)
26.0
(78.8)
26.1
(79.0)
26.2
(79.2)
26.2
(79.2)
27.0
(80.6)
27.4
(81.3)
27.8
(82.0)
27.7
(81.9)
26.9
(80.4)
26.6
(79.9)
Average low °C (°F) 22.2
(72.0)
22.0
(71.6)
22.2
(72.0)
22.2
(72.0)
22.0
(71.6)
21.9
(71.4)
21.6
(70.9)
22.0
(71.6)
22.2
(72.0)
22.5
(72.5)
22.5
(72.5)
22.1
(71.8)
22.1
(71.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 238.2
(9.38)
272.3
(10.72)
305.6
(12.03)
289.7
(11.41)
288.3
(11.35)
107.0
(4.21)
70.2
(2.76)
36.0
(1.42)
49.5
(1.95)
71.4
(2.81)
78.4
(3.09)
179.4
(7.06)
1,986
(78.19)
Average relative humidity (%) 86.0 88.0 89.0 88.0 88.0 86.0 84.0 81.0 78.0 78.0 78.0 82.0 83.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 146.1 108.2 111.8 129.2 165.0 192.8 210.2 244.8 234.2 206.9 187.2 149.6 2,086
Source: NOAA[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ IBGE 2020
  2. ^ Estação Ecológica Grão-Pará (in Portuguese), Ideflor-bio (Government of Pará), retrieved 2016-05-12
  3. ^ FES do Trombetas (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-09-07
  4. ^ "300 Die as Amazon Boat Sinks". New York Times. 20 September 1981. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  5. ^ "Clima Óbidos: Temperatura, Tempo e Dados climatológicos Óbidos - Climate-Data.org". pt.climate-data.org. Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  6. ^ "Óbidos (82178 - WMO Weather Station". NOAA. Retrieved March 27, 2019.

Further readingEdit

  • Columbia-Lippincott guide'. (New York City: Columbia University Press, 1952) p. 1362.

Coordinates: 1°54′S 55°31′W / 1.900°S 55.517°W / -1.900; -55.517