Ñuñoa (Spanish pronunciation: [ɲuˈɲo.a]; from Mapudungun Ñuñohue, "place of yellow flowers") is a commune located in the Northeastern zone of Santiago, within the Santiago Metropolitan Region of Chile.

City Hall
Ñuñoa City Hall
Coat of Arms
Map of Ñuñoa within Greater Santiago
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Coordinates (city): 33°27.5′S 70°36′W / 33.4583°S 70.600°W / -33.4583; -70.600
RegionMetro Santiago
 • TypeMunicipal
 • MayorEmilia Ríos (RD)
 • Total16.9 km2 (6.5 sq mi)
 (2021 Estimated)[4]
 • Total255,823
 • Density15,000/km2 (39,000/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Rural
Residents by gender
 • Male124,749
 • Female131,074
Time zoneUTC-4 (CLT[5])
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (CLST[6])
Area code56 +
WebsiteMunicipality of Ñuñoa

Overview edit

Over the years, Ñuñoa has become increasingly desirable for young urban professionals due to its appealing qualities and convenient location. This has resulted in a significant population increase, with the number of inhabitants growing from 163,511 in 2002 to 208,237 in 2017, representing a 27.3% increase over fifteen years. The majority of the population belongs to the medium and upper-middle socioeconomic groups. However, the acquisition of older homes by developers and the construction of multi-dwelling units have faced criticism from long-time residents.

The commune of Ñuñoa is well-known for its bustling public services, private businesses, and comprehensive public transportation system that serves all areas of the municipality. The main hub of business activity can be found along Irarrázaval Avenue, a 6-kilometer thoroughfare that traverses the entire commune from east to west. This avenue is conveniently supported by Line 3 of the Santiago Metro.

In terms of landmarks, Ñuñoa is home to several notable sites. It is the location of Santiago's only mosque and is also home to Chile's largest sports complex and national stadium, Estadio Nacional. Additionally, Ñuñoa features two bohemian neighborhoods: Plaza Ñuñoa and Barrio Italia, with the latter being shared with the Providencia commune.[7]

According to the 2021 Urban Life Quality Index (ICVU), Ñuñoa is considered the fourth best commune to live in within the region and the country as a whole.[8] This recognition highlights the favorable living conditions and amenities available in the area. As the oldest municipality in the traditional east end of Santiago, Ñuñoa offers a wide range of amenities, including subways, banks, and shopping areas. Despite these conveniences, the commune has managed to maintain its character as a predominantly residential and peaceful area.[9]

Panoramic view of central Ñuñoa

Demographics edit

Per the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Ñuñoa spans an area 16.9 km2 (7 sq mi) in size and has 163,511 residents (73,215 male and 90,296 female), and the commune is a wholly urban area. The population dropped 5.3% (9,064 residents) from the 1992 to the 2002 censuses.[3] The 2009 population was projected to be 149,205.[10][failed verification]

Stats edit

Notable residents edit

Administration edit

As a commune, Ñuñoa is a third-level administrative division of Chile run by a municipal council headed by a mayor elected to a four-year term of office. The mayor for 2016-2020 is Andrés Zarhi Troy (RN). The communal council has the following members:

Chile Vamos

  • Guido Benavides Araneda (RN)
  • José Luis Rosasco Zagal (RN)
  • Juan Guillermo Vivado Portales (IND)
  • Julio Martinez Colina (UDI)

Nueva Mayoría

  • Jaime Castillo Soto (PDC)
  • Paula Mendoza Bravo (PS)
  • Patricia Hidalgo Jeldes (PPD)
  • Alejandra Placencia Cabello (IND)

Frente Amplio

  • Emilia Ríos Saavedra (RD)
  • Camilo Brodsky Bertoni ((MA)

Ñuñoa and Providencia make up the 21st electoral district, currently represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Maya Fernández (PS) and Mayor Sabat's daughter, Marcela Sabat (RN). Ñuñoa is also part of the 8th senatorial constituency (Eastern Santiago), represented in the Senate by Carlos Montes (PS) and Manuel José Ossandón (RN).

Education edit

Private schools:

Public schools:

References edit

  1. ^ "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2011.
  2. ^ "Municipality of Ñuñoa" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2011.
  3. ^ a b c "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 December 2010.
  4. ^ Chile, BCN Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de (June 2020). "Reportes Estadísticos 2021 de Ñuñoa Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile". bcn.cl. Retrieved 2022-12-23.
  5. ^ "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
  6. ^ "Chile Summer Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
  7. ^ Weeder, Emma (10 May 2017). "Barrio Italia, Santiago's Secret Bohemian Neighbourhood". Culture Trip. The Culture Trip Ltd. Retrieved 19 July 2022.
  8. ^ "Índice de calidad de vida urbana (ICVU) 2021". Instituto de estudios Urbanos y Territoriales UC (in European Spanish). Retrieved 2022-12-23.
  9. ^ "Censo comunal en Ñuñoa: ¿quiénes son estos nuevos vecinos?, Plataforma Urbana". www.plataformaurbana.cl. Retrieved 2023-07-05.
  10. ^ "System of Regional Information". Ministry of Planning of Chile (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 September 2010.
  11. ^ a b Casen poll, 2006, Ministry of Planning.
  12. ^ Implied PPP conversion rate: World Economic Outlook Database, April 2010, International Monetary Fund.
  13. ^ "The Trajectories of Human Development in the Communes of Chile (1994-2003)" (PDF). Government of Chile, Mideplán (in Spanish). UNDP. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
  14. ^ Home page. Colegio Suizo de Santiago. Retrieved on April 25, 2016. "Dirección: José Domingo Cañas 2206, Ñuñoa, Santiago de Chile"
  15. ^ Home page. Kendal English School. Retrieved on April 24, 2018. "Dirección: Pedro Torres 60, Ñuñoa, Santiago de Chile"
  16. ^ "Escuela Amaranta, el primer colegio de transexuales en Chile", MSN, 14 May 2019, with EFE video, (in Spanish).
  17. ^ Home page. LMS. Retrieved on May 27, 2022. "Brown Norte #105, Ñuñoa, Santiago, Chile"

External links edit