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École normale supérieure de Lyon

The École normale supérieure de Lyon (also known as ENS Lyon, ENSL or Normale Sup' Lyon) is a highly selective grande école located in Lyon, France. It is one of France's four Écoles normales supérieures, training researchers and teachers in the sciences and the humanities.

École normale supérieure de Lyon
Logo ENS de Lyon 2010.png
MottoL'enseignement par la recherche, pour la recherche
Motto in English
Education through research, for research
TypeGrande école (École normale supérieure)
Academic affiliation
University of Lyon
Endowment€110 million
PresidentJean-François Pinton[1]
Administrative staff
350 researchers, 220 professors
Campus"Monod" (Science)
"Descartes" (Humanities)

According to the Times Higher Education rankings of universities in 2010, ENS Lyon was ranked as one of the top 3 French universities along with École Normale Supérieure (Paris) and École Polytechnique, and also the 100th best university in the world.[2]



The Fontenay school, for girls, was founded by the decree of 13 July 1880.

The Saint-Cloud school, for boys, was founded by the decree of 22 December 1882. These two École Normale Supérieure were founded by Jules Ferry.

  • Training teachers, inspectors and directors for primary education

1887: The decree of 18 January 1887 transformed the previous institutions into Écoles normales supérieures de l'enseignement primaire (of primary education), institutions which were free and modern, that is without compulsory Latin. The pupils were granted scholarships and were recruited using a competitive examination open to holders of the higher diploma or the baccalaureate who had signed a ten-year service commitment.

1897: The length of studies was increased from two to three years.

1945: The decree of 19 February 1945 granted both institutions the title of Écoles normales préparatoires à l'enseignement secondaire (institutions of preparation for secondary education). Pupils trained for the CAEC, then the CAPES teaching qualifications.

1956: The length of studies was increased to four years and the preparation of the agrégation teaching qualification appeared in the regulations.

Jacques Monod Campus - Sciences
  • Towards the new École Normale Supérieure de Lyon

As part of France's process of decentralisation, the scientific departments moved to Lyon in 1987, with the creation of the École Normale Supérieure de Lyon.

Humanities students remained in what was called the ENS de Fontenay/St Cloud. In 2000, the humanities were transferred to the École Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines, also located in the Gerland district.

On 1 January 2010, the scientific branch and the arts, humanities and social sciences branch merged to become a single institution, retaining the name École Normale Supérieure de Lyon.[3]


Teaching at ENS Lyon is organised through eleven main departments.

Science departments

René Descartes Campus - Humanities
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Science
  • Earth Sciences
  • Mathematics
  • Physics

Humanities departments

  • Art: History or Art, Cinema and Theater
  • Foreign Languages: Linguistics, Civilizations and Literatures
  • French: French and Francophone, Modern, Medieval and Classical Literature
  • Human Sciences: Philosophy, Anthropology
  • Social Sciences: History, Geography, Sociology, Economics


23 of ENS Lyon's research groups have contractual ties to major research organizations, notably the CNRS and INSERM. ENS Lyon is a member of several advanced research networks and competitive clusters, including Lyon BioPôle, and hosts an Institute for Advanced Study, the Collegium de Lyon.

  • Sciences

Institute of Functional Genomics of Lyon (IGFL)

Laboratory of molecular and cell biology (LBMC)

Laboratory of plant reproduction and development (RDP)

Laboratory of human virology (VIRO)

Laboratory of Earth Sciences (LST)

Joliot-Curie interdisciplinary laboratory (LJC)

Laboratory of Pure and Applied Mathematics (UMPA)

Laboratory of chemistry

Computer science laboratory (LIP)

Laboratory of physics

Astronomy research center (CRAL)

Center for high field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (CRMN)

  • Arts and Humanities

C2SO - Communication, culture and society

Institute for the History of Classical Thought, from Humanism to the Enlightenment

Institute of East Asian Studies (IAO)

Interactions, Corpuses, Learning and Representations

Interdisciplinary approach to the logics of power in medieval Iberian societies

Literature, Ideologies and Représentations in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

Rhône-Alpes Centre for Historical Research

Socialisation Research Group

Triangle: Action, Discourses, Economic and Political Thought

History and Archaeology of the Medieval Christian and Islamic Worlds

Economic Theory and Analysis Group


View from the meadows of the "René Descartes" Campus (Humanities)


ENS Lyon retains its close links to the classes préparatoires which prepare high-level students previously selected on the basis of their previous academic record for the competitive entrance examination that is taken after two years of pluridisciplinary undergraduate-level study.

Students who succeed in the entrance examinations, which attract some 6000 candidates for 228 positions, are known as Normaliens-élèves; those who are from France or another European Union country are considered trainee public servants, and receive a salary for their studies during 4 years. A second entrance examination is also open to students who have not gone through the "classes préparatoires" system.

After these 4 years, Normaliens-élèves can also receive an additional 3 year-fellowship to get a PhD. In return of the salary, they have to serve in public service for 10 years (Engagement décennal).


Entry to ENS Lyon is not restricted to “normaliens-élèves”. Students may also apply through a separate admissions process to study at the ENS. Those "Normaliens-étudiants" aren't public servants and don't have to serve in public service for 10 years. Their formation and diploma are the same as for "Normaliens-élèves".

"Auditeurs de masters"

An "auditeur de master" is someone who has been admitted at the ENS at the master level. By opposition to the "Normaliens-élèves" and the "Normaliens-étudiants", they don't have the title of "Normalien" and are just eligible to a master degree. They can't obtain the diploma of the ENS.


Classical studies for a Normalien

  • First year at the ENS

Students prepare the third year of Licence, the equivalent of a UK Bachelor's degree. The ENS de Lyon offers 5 final year courses for Sciences (Biology, Chemistry and Physics, Earth Sciences, Computer Sciences, Mathematics). These courses are conceived as preparations for Masters.

  • Second and third year at the ENS

Students prepare in two years their Master's degree. 5 research Masters are proposed in Sciences, 36 in Humanities (Languages, Literature, Human and Social Sciences).

  • Fourth year at the ENS

During this year, students can prepare the agrégation teacher recruitment examination in 16 different subjects. Students can also start their PhD, go studying for one year or more in a foreign country, or follow during one year courses in other subjects (students from biology can therefore follow courses in Humanities).

Between the first and fourth year, Normaliens can also spend up to 2 free years called "année sans solde", during which they can study other disciplines, go studying in a foreign country, or do a long internship. Each année sans solde project needs the authorization of the ENS supervisors.

Other Studies

  • Auditeurs (i.e. non-paid students) can join the ENS as second or third year student (Master students), and independently for the agrégation. Except they are not paid, they follow the same courses as the Normaliens.
  • Doctorates: The ENS de Lyon welcomes around 400 PhD students[citation needed]. Both Normaliens and Auditeurs (from the ENS or from other universities) can be PhD students within the different laboratories of the ENS. It requires three years of research work and specific training in the form of tuition or the participation in seminars.


The 2011 QS World University Rankings[4] ranked ENS Lyon 133rd in the world.

The 2010 Times Higher Education World University Rankings[2] ranked ENS Lyon 100th in the world.

Generally international rankings do not suit well the ENS system, as these structures are very small and centered more on the education of students rather than on internal research[citation needed]. For instance, many French universities are better ranked than the ENS is, even though the different Écoles Normales Supérieures are considered by some French observers[who?] to be among the highest academic institutions.[citation needed]

However, the 2016 Times Higher Education rankings[5] of the 20 best "small universities" ranked ENS Lyon 5th "small university" in the world.

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Nommination officielle du President de l'ENS de Lyon
  2. ^ a b "THE World University Rankings 2010: The Top 200".
  3. ^ Décret n° 2009-1533 du 10 décembre 2009 portant création de l'Ecole normale supérieure de Lyon
  4. ^ QS World University Rankings - 2011 Archived 27 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Top Universities (2012-12-19). Retrieved on 2014-06-16.
  5. ^ The world’s best small universities 2016. Times Higher Education World University Rankings (2016-01-25). Retrieved on 2017-07-26.

External linksEdit