Institut supérieur de l'aéronautique et de l'espace

The Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace (ISAE-SUPAERO; lit.'Higher Institute of Aeronautics and Space') is a French grande école of engineering, founded in 1909. It is the world's first dedicated institute of aerospace engineering. ISAE-SUPAERO is part of University of Toulouse, ISSAT, PEGASUS, GEA, Toulouse Tech, CESAER[1] and Aerospace Valley. The institute is ranked highly among Europe's engineering schools.

Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace ISAE-SUPAERO
MottoExcellence with passion
TypeGrande école
Established1909; 115 years ago (1909)

Historically ISAE-SUPAERO resulted from the merger between SUPAERO and ENSICA[2] in the summer of 2007. The aim of this move was to increase the international visibility of SUPAERO and the ENSICA (both of which depend on the French Ministry of Defense), by sharing their faculty and experimental means. The institute also delivers continuing education through its subsidiary, EUROSAE.

In 2011, ISAE founded Groupe ISAE with the engineering school, ENSMA. In 2012, Groupe ISAE was joined by ESTACA and by École de l'air et de l'espace. In January 2018, the Supméca, now called ISAE-SUPMECA, joined the group.[3] In February 2022, the École nationale de l'aviation civile, the biggest European aviation university, also joined the group.[4]

Since its founding in 1909 ISAE-SUPAERO has produced more than 21,500 graduates. Some of them have achieved fame in their field, including: Henri Coandă, the discoverer of the Coandă effect; Henri Ziegler, father of the Airbus program; Frédéric d'Allest, first chairman of Arianespace; and Jean-François Clervoy, astronaut.

Legal status and organization edit

ISAE was created by decree 2007-1384 of 24 September 2007.

Under the auspices of the Ministry of Defence, and overseen by the DGA (the French Government Defence procurement agency), the institute is a public institution with a scientific, cultural, and professional vocation. It is governed by articles R.3411-1 to R.3411-28 of the Defence Code and is accredited by the Engineering Education Commission. ISAE SUPAERO also delivers national Doctorate and master's degrees and Advanced master's degrees accredited by la Conférence des Grandes Ecoles, an organization whose members are the most prestigious business and engineering schools in France.

The institute is governed by an executive board of 27 members, headed by the President. The Board meets three times a year. The institute also has an educational board, a research board, and a continuing education board Members of the advisory boards come from within the Institute and academia and industry.

ISAE-SUPAERO has implemented an ISO 9001 quality management system (2008 version) for all of its activities (education, research and support).

History edit

History of ENSAE (École Nationale Supérieure de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace, or the National School of Aeronautics and Space) or "SupAéro" edit

Model of the ENSAE campus in 1968.

The historic logo of the former SUPAERO school: the owl, associated with the Greek Goddess, Athena, is a symbol of knowledge. Today, the owl is still part of the ISAE-SUPAERO logo.

In 1909, Colonel Jean-Baptiste Roche, a civil engineering officer and a graduate of l'Ecole Polytechnique, had the foresight and vision to anticipate the needs and future scope of the aeronautics industry in the world and founded the l'École Supérieure d'Aéronautique et de Constructions Mécaniques, or the Higher School of Aeronautics and Mechanical Construction in Paris.

In 1930, the school was later renamed "l'Ecole Nationale Supérieure de l'Aéronautique", under the leadership of the French engineer, Albert Caquot, and in 1972 it became l'Ecole Nationale Supérieure de l'Aeronautique et de l'Espace, or the Higher School of Aeronautics and Space, better known as "SUPAERO". Also in 1930, the School moved to more modern buildings in « la Cité de l'Air », located boulevard Victor in Paris.

In 1968, SUPAERO moved to the vast aerospace hub of Toulouse-Lespinet, in the heart of a stimulating higher education and research environment, right near l'Ecole Nationale de l'Aviation Civile, the School of Civil Aviation (ENAC), which was also transferred to Toulouse the same year. In 1970, the former Paris premises of the School were home to l'École Nationale Supérieure de Techniques Avancées (ENSTA ParisTech or the Higher School of Advanced Techniques), until the latter moved to new premises on the campus of École Polytechnique in Palaiseau. They were transformed into the Conference Center of the Ministry of Defence.

Several research laboratories were created in affiliation with the School and regrouped around the Toulouse ONERA center. Today, affiliated with the School, it conducts theoretical and applied research in defence in a wide range of fields including aerodynamics, automatic control, advanced robotics, aerospace electronics, computer systems, aerospace vehicles, aerospace mechanics, and propulsive systems.

In 1975, SUPAERO was one of the first engineering schools in France to be accredited to deliver the doctoral degree.

In 1994, SUPAERO became a public body with legal personality reporting to the Ministry of Defence. In practice, the institute is overseen by the DGA, Directorate General of Armaments (French Defence procurement agency) and under the direction of an "ingénieur général de l'armement".

History of ENSICA (École nationale supérieure d'ingénieurs de constructions aéronautiques) edit

ENSICA was created in Paris at the time of the Liberation, under the name, " École nationale des travaux aéronautiques " (ENTA or the National School of Aeronautical Construction), in accordance with article 8 of the law on finance of 1946. The first graduating class included 25 students who would join the military corps of engineers specialized in aeronautics.

By decree of June 4, 1957, the school's name was changed to "l'École nationale d'ingénieurs des constructions aéronautiques (ENICA or the National School of Aeronautics Engineers). The degree program was extended to three years with a new focus on industry and a larger share of civilian students.

In 1961, ENICA was relocated to Toulouse. Under the leadership of the Director, Émile Blouin, the School acquired its own identity and a new dimension. The geographic link was cut with SUPAERO, which until then had housed the school on its premises, Boulevard Victor, in Paris. The building of a new student center on campus helped create a cohesive identity and bring together the different graduating classes.

In 1969, the School was affiliated with the common competitive exam for the top ranking engineering schools (ENSI). In 1979, the school was honored with the Medal of Aeronautics, awarded by the Engineer General of Armaments, Georges Bousquet. The same year, the School became known as l'école nationale supérieure d'ingénieurs de constructions aéronautiques (ENSICA or the Higher National School of Aeronautics Construction Engineers).

Creation of ISAE in 2007 edit

In 2007, ENSAE SupAéro merged with ENSICA to create a single institution: l'Institut supérieur de l'aéronautique et de l'espace, or ISAE which brings together the two former schools' resources and facilities in one common organization. In 2015, the ingénieur ISAE-SUPAERO degree program gave its name to the all school, which became ISAE-SUPAERO. As of the summer of 2015, all of the institute's facilities are now located together on the Rangueil campus.

Academics edit

The Institute delivers the following educational programs:

  • The ingénieur ISAE-SUPAERO program,
  • The joint CNAM-ISAE apprenticeship or co-op program,
  • An International Masters Program in Aerospace Engineering,
  • 6 Research Masters Programs,
  • 15 Advanced Masters Programs,
  • 6 Doctoral schools,
  • Continuing education programs.

Students accepted into the ingénieur ISAE-SUPAERO program are selected on the basis of their results on the Mines-Ponts competitive exam common to the most selective engineering schools in France. Since 2015, the institute has been educating these students within the framework of a new common ISAE-SUPAERO engineering curriculum.

ISAE-SUPAERO is a school of application of l'Ecole Polytechnique and in particular it trains engineers of the armaments corps. It also trains military engineers with an aeronautics specialization once the latter have completed a first year at another French engineering school, ENSTA Bretagne, in Brest, France.

In 2011, ISAE founded Groupe ISAE with the engineering school, ENSMA. In 2012, Groupe ISAE was joined by ESTACA and by l'Ecole de l'Air.

The institute also delivers continuing education through its subsidiary, EUROSAE.

National rankings and acceptance rates edit

National ranking (ranked for its Master of Sciences in Engineering)

Name Year Rank
DAUR Rankings[5] 2022 8
L'Etuidant[6] 2022 11 ea
L'Usine Nouvelle[7] 2022 14 ea
Le Figaro[8] 2022 9 ea

ISAE-SUPAERO is one of the most selective engineering school in France with acceptance rates below 10%.

The undergraduate admission to ISAE-SUPAERO in the engineer cycle is made through two ways: the first pathway by which most students are recruited, is a very selective examination which requires at least two years of very intensive preparation after high school in classes préparatoires.[9] The other pathway corresponds to the recruitment of about twenty undergraduate students from universities.[10] For both ways, admission includes a week of written examinations during the spring followed by oral examinations that are handled in batches (séries) over the summer.[11][12][13]

About only 200 students from classes préparatoires or French universities are admitted to the prestigious school each year.[14][15]

Number of students accepted following the French national exam (2018)[16]
Classes préparatoires (Majors) University
Maths & Physics Physics & Engineering Science Physics & Chemistry Physics & Technology Technology & Industrial Science /
78 79 34 6 2 23

The average acceptance rates of the national examination taken by students from classes préparatoires are indicated below:[17]

Number of applicants Average acceptance rates
2018 14 764 12.76%
2017 14 686 11.63%
2016 14 681 11.62%
2015 14 193 11.86%
2014 14 443 9.7%


Notable alumni include:

Henri Ziegler, father of the Airbus program.
Jean-Paul Herteman, former CEO of Safran.
Thomas Pesquet, French astronaut.

See also edit

Notes and references edit

  1. ^ GEA - Groupement des Grandes Ecoles Aéronautiques et Spatiales Archived 2015-11-27 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ [Emma Dayson]. "Une formation d'ingénieur unique pour l'ISAE SUPAERO". Retrieved 2014-09-29.
  3. ^ "Supmeca rejoint l'ISAE". Aerobuzz. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  4. ^ "Toulouse: l'Enac et l'ISAE". Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  5. ^ "2022 French Graduate Schools of Engineering ranking".
  6. ^ "2022 French Graduate Schools of Engineering ranking".
  7. ^ "2022 French Graduate Schools of Engineering ranking".
  8. ^ "2022 French Graduate Schools of Engineering ranking".
  9. ^ "ISAE-SUPAERO engineering training: admission procedures". Retrieved 2019-02-04.
  10. ^ "Engineering education ISAE-SUPAERO: admission by university route". Retrieved 2019-02-04.
  11. ^ "Website of the joint Mines-Ponts competitive examination". Retrieved 2019-02-04.
  12. ^ "Calendar". Retrieved 2019-02-04.
  13. ^ "University admission to schools Mines-Ponts and Paristech" (PDF). Retrieved 2019-02-04.
  14. ^ "ISAE-SUPAERO engineering training: admission via the joint mines-ponts competitive examination". Retrieved 2019-02-04.
  15. ^ "Engineering education ISAE-SUPAERO: admission by university route". Retrieved 2019-02-04.
  16. ^ "Statistiques". Retrieved 2019-02-02.
  17. ^ "Statistiques". Retrieved 2019-02-02.
  18. ^ "Seddik Belyamani". Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  19. ^ Biographie de M. Rachid BenMokhtar Benabdellah Archived 2016-03-25 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ "Alain Bellemare - Président et chef de la direction". Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  21. ^ Dassault Aviation appoints Jean Kayanakis as General Manager of Dassault Falcon Service Communiqué de presse du 9 juin 2011 du groupe Dassault Aviation

External links edit

43°34′00″N 1°28′30″E / 43.56667°N 1.47500°E / 43.56667; 1.47500