Çoban Mustafa Pasha

Çoban Mustafa Pasha ("Mustafa Pasha the Shepherd"; died 1529) was an Ottoman statesman. Likely born in Bosnia-Herzegovina or Serbian Sandzak,[1] and collected through Devshirme to Janissaries, where he gradually rose through the ranks, he eventually served as kapıcıbaşı, vizier, and beylerbey for the Ottoman Empire during various parts of his life.

Skopje's Mustafa Pasha mosque

After serving as kapıcıbaşı ("chief gatekeeper") for some time, Mustafa was appointed a vizier in 1511 under Bayezid II, and finally beylerbey (governor) of the Egypt Eyalet (province) of the empire in 1522, serving for one year (1522–1523).[2][3][4]

Mustafa Pasha participated in the Siege of Belgrade in 1521 and the Siege of Rhodes the next year, both of them decisive Ottoman victories under sultan Suleiman I. During the Siege of Rhodes, he was the Serdar-ı Ekrem (the rank given to viziers in battle).

Mustafa Pasha died in 1529 on the way to the Siege of Vienna.

LegacyEdit

 
Mustafa Pasha Bridge, Svilengrad

In 1492, Mustafa Pasha ordered to be built the mosque in Skopje which bears his name.[5]

At some point, Mustafa Pasha had a bridge built in Svilengrad in southern Bulgaria, and it was named after him as Mustafa Pasha Bridge (now known as Old Bridge, Svilengrad).[1]

Mustafa Pasha's mausoleum is in Gebze, Turkey,[3] in a complex he had built himself and which was completed in 1522.[2]

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

Wide view of the entire length of the bridge over the Maritza

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Müderrisoğlu, F. (1995). "Bâni Çoban Mustafa Paşa ve Bir Osmanlı Şehri Gebze". Vakıflar Dergisi, Sayı: 25, S:67-124.
  2. ^ a b Türk Tarih Kurumu (1996). Belleten. p. 112.
  3. ^ a b Evli̇ya Çelebi̇ (1988). Evliya Çelebi's Book of Travels: Evliya Çelebi in Diyarbekir. Brill Archive. p. 61. ISBN 978-90-04-08165-9.
  4. ^ Kaya Şahin (29 March 2013). Empire and Power in the Reign of Süleyman: Narrating the Sixteenth-Century Ottoman World. Cambridge University Press. pp. 53–54. ISBN 978-1-107-03442-6.
  5. ^ "Mustafa Pasha Mosque". HAEMUS : Center for scientific research and promotion of culture. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
  • "The Ottomans". Egypt State Information Service. Retrieved 2013-10-10.
  • Süreyya, Bey M, Nuri Akbayar, and Seyit A. Kahraman. Sicill-i Osmanî. Beşiktaş, İstanbul: Kültür Bakanlığı ile Türkiye Ekonomik ve Toplumsal Tarih Vakfı'nın ortak yayınıdır, 1996. Print.
Political offices
Preceded by Ottoman Governor of Egypt
1522–1523
Succeeded by