Çardaqlı, Shamkir

Coordinates: 40°45′05″N 45°52′27″E / 40.75139°N 45.87417°E / 40.75139; 45.87417

Çardaqlı (alternatively anglicized as Chardakhli or Chardagly; Armenian: Չարդախլու, romanizedChardakhlu) or Khachisar (Armenian: Խաչիսար) is a village in the Shamkir District of Azerbaijan.

Çardaqlı
Խաչիսար • Khachisar
Çardaqlı is located in Azerbaijan
Çardaqlı
Çardaqlı
Coordinates: 40°45′05″N 45°52′27″E / 40.75139°N 45.87417°E / 40.75139; 45.87417
Country Azerbaijan
DistrictShamkir
Time zoneUTC+4 (AZT)

The village had an Armenian population before the outbreak of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. All of the Armenians left the village during the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and settled in Zorakan in Armenia.[1] The village has since been repopulated by Azerbaijani refugees from Armenia.[citation needed]

HistoryEdit

In the times of the Russian Empire, it was an Armenian village of the Elisabethpol Uyezd in the Elisabethpol Governorate. According to the Caucasian Calendar for 1908, the entirely Armenian village of Khachisar had a population of 1,862 people.[2]

During World War IIEdit

The village is known as the birthplace of marshal of the Soviet Union, Hamazasp Babadzhanian, who was also awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. According to Babadzhanian, 1,100 of his fellow villagers participated in the Great Patriotic War, 136 of them became lieutenants, senior lieutenants and captains, 30 - majors, 3 - colonels and 4 - generals.[3] Ivan Bagramian, who was a Marshal of the Soviet Union and twice awarded Hero of the Soviet Union, was born in Elisabethpol of parents who were from the village.[4]

Deportation of the Armenian populationEdit

In September–October 1987 the first secretary of the Shamkir District district committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan M. Asadov came into conflict with the population of the village in connection with their protests against the dismissal of the Armenian director of the local sovkhoz, and his replacement with an Azerbaijani.[5] Villagers were beaten up by the police after protesting against the replacement of an Armenian farm director with an Azeri one.[6] This is considered to be the first violent event of the First Nagorno-Karabakh War.[6] In connection with this, a protest broke out in Yerevan.[7] At the end of November 1988 all Armenians living in Çardaqlı were expelled from their native village.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Родина красных волкодавов". mk.ru.
  2. ^ Кавказский календарь 1908 год. Тифлис. II. Статистический отделъ. стр 101
  3. ^ Маринов А. А. (1982). Негасимый огонь: Очерки о воинских традициях. Moscow: Воениздат. p. 131.

    Главный маршал бронетанковых войск Герой Советского Союза А. Х. Бабаджанян, родившийся в армянском селе Чардахлы, рассказывает, что 1100 его односельчан участвовали в Великой Отечественной войне. 136 из них стали лейтенантами, старшими лейтенантами и капитанами, 30 — майорами, 3 — полковниками и 4 — генералами.
    Translation: The Chief Marshal of the Armored Forces, Hero of the Soviet Union A.Kh. Babadzhanyan, who was born in the Armenian village of Chardakhly, says that 1,100 of his fellow villagers participated in the Great Patriotic War. 136 of them became lieutenants, senior lieutenants and captains, 30 - majors, 3 - colonels and 4 - generals.

  4. ^ Martyn Ivanovich Merzhanov (1974). Солдат, генерал, маршал (о Баграмяне И. Х.) [Soldier, general, marshal (about Baghramyan I.Kh.)]. p. 6.
  5. ^ Письма жителей села Чардахлу Генеральному прокурору СССР
  6. ^ a b Thomas, de Waal (2013). Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War, 10th Year Anniversary Edition, Revised and Updated. p. 19. ISBN 9780814785782.
  7. ^ Би-би-си. Карабах: хронология конфликта

External linksEdit