Çaldıran, Van

Çaldıran (Kurdish: Ebex‎),[3] is a district and town in Van Province of Turkey. The mayor is Faruk Demir (BDP).

Çaldıran
View from vehicle travelling through Çaldıran town
View from vehicle travelling through Çaldıran town
Çaldıran is located in Turkey
Çaldıran
Çaldıran
Coordinates: 39°08′31″N 43°54′50″E / 39.14194°N 43.91389°E / 39.14194; 43.91389Coordinates: 39°08′31″N 43°54′50″E / 39.14194°N 43.91389°E / 39.14194; 43.91389
Country Turkey
ProvinceVan
Government
 • MayorsFaruk Demir (HDP)
Suna Atabay (HDP)
 • Kaymakamİbrahim Dündâr
Area
 • District1,587.22 km2 (612.83 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
14,361
 • District
67,329
 • District density42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Post code
65750
Websitewww.caldiran.bel.tr

The town is in an earthquake prone area; 3,840 people were killed by a 7.2 magnitude earthquake in 1976.[4]

The lowest temperature recorded in Çaldıran is -46.4 °C on 9 January 1990 and It is also the lowest temperature recorded in Turkey.[5]

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

At 2,045 m (6,709 ft) above sea level, Çaldıran has a humid continental climate, with Mediterranean influences (Dsb, according to the Köppen climate classification). Summers are mild and dry and winters are cold and snowy, with very low temperatures, due to its elevation.

Climate data for Çaldıran, Van, Turkey
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −1.8
(28.8)
−0.9
(30.4)
3.5
(38.3)
10.8
(51.4)
16.4
(61.5)
21.9
(71.4)
27.3
(81.1)
27.3
(81.1)
23.1
(73.6)
15.0
(59.0)
7.7
(45.9)
0.6
(33.1)
12.6
(54.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.7
(19.9)
−5.9
(21.4)
−1.1
(30.0)
5.5
(41.9)
10.3
(50.5)
14.6
(58.3)
19.4
(66.9)
19.2
(66.6)
14.8
(58.6)
8.3
(46.9)
2.5
(36.5)
−3.7
(25.3)
6.4
(43.6)
Average low °C (°F) −11.6
(11.1)
−10.8
(12.6)
−5.6
(21.9)
0.3
(32.5)
4.2
(39.6)
7.4
(45.3)
11.6
(52.9)
11.1
(52.0)
6.5
(43.7)
1.6
(34.9)
−2.6
(27.3)
−8.0
(17.6)
0.3
(32.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 31
(1.2)
37
(1.5)
41
(1.6)
58
(2.3)
61
(2.4)
39
(1.5)
17
(0.7)
13
(0.5)
15
(0.6)
49
(1.9)
41
(1.6)
37
(1.5)
439
(17.3)
Source: Climate-data.org[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ Adem Avcıkıran (2009). Kürtçe Anamnez Anamneza bi Kurmancî (PDF) (in Turkish and Kurdish). p. 57. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  4. ^ Daha önce de büyük depremler yaşandı NTV 23 October 2011
  5. ^ "Türkiye'de ve Dünyada Kaydedilen En Düşük ve En Yüksek Değerler".
  6. ^ Climate data: Çaldıran - Climate-data.org

See alsoEdit