Älvsborg Regiment

The Älvsborg Regiment (Swedish: Älvsborgs regemente), designation I 15 and I 15/Fo 34, was a Swedish Army infantry regiment that traces its origins back 1624. It was disbanded in 1998. The regiment's soldiers were originally recruited from the provinces of Västergötland, and it was later garrisoned there in the town Borås.

Älvsborg Regiment
Älvsborgs regemente
Älvsborgs regemente vapen.svg
Active1624–1713, 1714–1998
Country Sweden
AllegianceSwedish Armed Forces
BranchSwedish Army
TypeInfantry
SizeRegiment
Part of3rd Military District (1833–1893)
3rd Army Division (1893–1901)
III Army Division (1902–1927)
Western Army Division (1928–1936)
III Army Division (1937–1943)
III Military Area (1943–1966)
Western Military Area (1966-1992)
Southern Military Area (1993-1998)
Garrison/HQBorås
Motto(s)Vilja - Förmåga - Uthållighet[note 1]
("Will - Ability - Endurance")
ColorsYellow and black
March"Lübner Jäger" (Müller)[note 2]
Battle honoursVarberg (1565)
Lützen (1632)
Leipzig (1642)
Helsingborg (1710)
Gadebusch (1712)
Nya Älvsborg (1719)
Insignia
Branch insignia m/60Truppslagstecken Infanteri m60 (guld).png
Unit insignia m/60AM.090975-I 15 (02).jpg
Shoulder sleeve insigniaI15 1996-1998.JPG

Heraldry and traditionsEdit

Colours, standards and guidonsEdit

The regiment has carried a number of colours over the years. On 24 June 1854, the then crown prince, later King Charles XV presented the last battalion colours to the regiment. They were so called Oscar I type, and were presented at a summit on Axevalla heath. In 1904 the regiment adopted the 1st battalion's colour as regimental colour (which has been hanging in Älvsborgsmässen ("Älvsborg Mess") at Gothenburg Garrison since 1998).[3]

Its last colour was presented to the former Älvsborg Regiment (I 15/Fo 34) at the Artillery Yard in Stockholm by the Supreme Commander, general Owe Wiktorin in 1996. It was used as regimental colour by I 15/Fo 34 until 1 July 1998.[4] The colour was drawn by Ingrid Lamby and embroidered by machine in insertion technique by Maj Britt Salander/company Blå Kusten. Blazon: "The cloth divided six times in yellow and black, in the centre a circular shield with the badge of the regiment; azure, three wavy white bends sinister, charged with a yellow lion rampant with a royal crown proper, armed and langued gules, in the right forepaw a yellow sword and in the left a blue shield with three yellow crowns placed two and one. On the uppermost yellow length, battle honours (Lützen 1632, Leipzig 1642, Helsingborg 1710, Gadebusch 1712, Nya Älvsborg 1719) in black".[4]

After the regiment was disbanded, the colour was passed on to the Älvsborg Group (Älvsborgsgruppen). Since 1 July 2005, the colour is carried by Elfsborg Group (Elfsborgsgruppen). The Elfsborg Group is also the unit that keeps the regimental traditions.[5] The pattern of the colour has basically been unchanged since the 1600s.[3]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of the arms of the Älvsborg Regiment (I 15/Fo 34) 1977–1994 and the Älvsborg Brigade (Älvsborgsbrigaden, IB 15) 1994–1997. Blazon: "The regimental badge, with waves six times divided bendy-sinister azure and argent, a double-tailed crowned lion rampant or, armed and langued gules, in dexter forepaw a sword or and in sinister a shield azure charged with three open crowns or placed two and one. The shield surmounted two muskets in saltire, or".[6] The coat of arms of the Älvsborg Regiment (I 15/Fo 34) 1994–1997 and the Älvsborg Group (Älvsborgsgruppen) 1997–2004. Blazon: "Azur, the regimental badge, three waves bendy-sinister argent, a double-tailed crowned lion rampant or, armed and langued gules, in dexter forepaw a sword or and in sinister a shield azure charged with three open crowns or, placed two and one. The shield sur-mounted two swords in saltire, or."[6]

MedalsEdit

In 1999, when the regiment was disbanded, the Älvsborgs regementes (I 15) minnesmedalj ("Älvsborg Regiment (I 15) Commemorative Medal") in silver (ÄlvsbregMM) was established. It consist of a Maltese cross in blue enamel. The medal ribbon is of red moiré with two blue stripes on the middle.[7]

Commanding officersEdit

Regimental commanders active at the regiment the years 1624–1998.[8]

  • 1624–16??: N Ribbing
  • 1698–1710: A Sparrfelt
  • 1710–1728: J von Mentzer
  • 1728–1739: J A Lillie
  • 1739–1747: Carl Otto Lagercrantz
  • 1747–1751: J L von Saltza
  • 1751–1763: R J von Lingen
  • 1763–1766: Fredrik Ribbing
  • 1766–1769: Johan Cronhielm
  • 1769–1781: B P von Wufrath
  • 1781–1800: H W Hamilton
  • 1800–1805: E Edenhielm
  • 1805–1810: Eberhard von Vegesack
  • 1810–1817: C Reuterskiöld
  • 1817–1869: J von Utfall
  • 1869–1886: P H Melin
  • 1886–1892: A A Thorén
  • 1892–1894: Christer Gustaf Oxehufvud
  • 1894–1898: L J P Liljencrantz
  • 1898–1903: Carl Axel Leonard Nordenadler
  • 1903–1906: Oscar Silverstolpe
  • 1906–1913: Gustaf Henrik Sjöqvist
  • 1913–1916: Adolf Erik Ludvig Lagercrantz
  • 1916–1920: Ernst Lars Isaac Silfverswärd
  • 1920–1927: Karl Alfred Rignell
  • 1927–1936: Axel Gustaf von Arbin
  • 1936–1938: Arvid Moberg
  • 1938–1942: Anders Teodor Bergquist
  • 1942–1951: Gunnar Fredrik Brinck
  • 1951–1956: Gustav Åkerman
  • 1956–1959: Erik Olof Rosengren
  • 1959–1962: Bengt Uller
  • 1962–1966: Sigmund Ahnfelt
  • 1966–1975: Karl Gunnar Lundquist
  • 1975–1981: Åke Ingmar Lundberg
  • 1981–1986: Sven Henry Magnusson
  • 1986–1989: Per Blomqvist
  • 1989–1992: Svante Bergh
  • 1992–1998: Matts Uno Liljegren
  • 1998–1998: Nils Erling Krister Edvardsson

Names, designations and locationsEdit

Name Translation From To
Kungl. Älvsborgs regemente Royal Älvsborg Regiment 1624-03-10 1713-05-06
Kungl. Älvsborgs regemente Royal Älvsborg Regiment 1714-??-?? 1974-12-31
Älvsborgs regemente Älvsborg Regiment 1975-01-01 1998-06-30
Designation From To
№ 15 1816-10-01 1914-09-30
I 15 1914-10-01 1975-06-30
I 15/Fo 34 1975-01-01 1998-06-30
Location From To
Timmele Heath 1685-??-?? 1770-??-??
Kila Heath 1770-??-?? 1783-??-??
Örby Heath 1783-??-?? 1796-??-??
Fristad hed 1797-??-?? 1914-??-??
Borås Garrison 1914-??-?? 1998-06-30

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ The motto was established on 20 March 1981. Later used by the Elfsborg Group (Elfsborgsgruppen) and the garrison units at the Swedish Armed Forces Centre for Defence Medicine as well as the 44th Home Guard Battalion.[1]
  2. ^ The march was adopted circa 1875 and established in 1953 by Army Order 33/1953. The march was used by the Älvsborg Brigade (Älvsborgsbrigaden) from 1994 to 1997 and by the Älvsborgs Group (Älvsborgsgruppen) from 1998 to 2005.[2]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Handbok: parad 6: traditionsvård 2017, p. 65
  2. ^ Sandberg 2007, p. 55
  3. ^ a b Braunstein 2003, pp. 69–72
  4. ^ a b Braunstein 2004, p. 78
  5. ^ "Försvarets traditioner i framtiden – Bilaga 3" (PDF) (in Swedish). Statens försvarshistoriska museer/Försvarets traditionsnämnd. 1 July 2012. p. 2. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  6. ^ a b Braunstein 2006, p. 24
  7. ^ Braunstein 2007, p. 107
  8. ^ Kjellander 2003, pp. 336–337

PrintEdit

Further readingEdit

Coordinates: 57°42′46″N 12°55′00″E / 57.71278°N 12.91667°E / 57.71278; 12.91667