Álvaro de Castro

Álvaro Xavier de Castro (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈalvɐɾu ʃɐviˈɛɾ ðɨ ˈkaʃtɾu]) was Prime Minister of Portugal from 20 November to 30 November 1920 and from 18 December 1923 to 6 July 1924.

Álvaro de Castro
Alvaro de Castro1.jpg
Minister for Justice
In office
9 January 1913 – 9 February 1914
Prime MinisterAfonso Costa
Preceded byFrancisco Correia de Lemos
Succeeded byManuel Monteiro
Minister of Finance
In office
12 December 1914 – 5 January 1915
Prime MinisterVítor Hugo de Azevedo Coutinho
Preceded byAntónio dos Santos Lucas
Succeeded byJoaquim Pimenta de Castro (interim)
Herculano Jorge Galhardo (effective)
Minister for the Colonies
In office
3 January 1920 – 15 January 1920 – 15 January 1920 – 21 January 1920
Prime MinisterAlfredo de Sá Cardoso
Preceded byAlfredo Rodrigues Gaspar
Succeeded byJosé Barbosa
78th Prime Minister of Portugal
(24th of the Republic)
In office
20 November 1920 – 30 November 1920
PresidentAntónio José de Almeida
Preceded byAntónio Granjo
Succeeded byLiberato Pinto
Minister for Interior
In office
20 November 1920 – 30 November 1920
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byFelisberto Alves Pedrosa
Succeeded byLiberato Pinto
Minister for War
In office
20 November 1920 – 23 May 1921
Prime MinisterHimself (20 November 1920 – 30 November 1920)
Liberato Pinto (30 November 1920 – 2 March 1921)
Bernardino Machado (2 March 1921 – 23 May 1921)
Preceded byHélder Ribeiro
Succeeded byAlberto Carlos da Silveira
88th Prime Minister of Portugal
(34th of the Republic)
In office
18 December 1923 – 6 July 1924
PresidentManuel Teixeira Gomes
Preceded byAntónio Ginestal Machado
Succeeded byAlfredo Rodrigues Gaspar
Minister for Finance
In office
18 December 1923 – 6 July 1924
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byFrancisco Cunha Leal
Succeeded byDaniel José Rodrigues
Personal details
Born(1878-11-09)9 November 1878
Guarda, Kingdom of Portugal
Died29 June 1928(1928-06-29) (aged 49)
Coimbra, Portuguese Republic
Political partyRepublican Liberal Party
later Reconstitution Party,
and Nationalist Republican Party.
Spouse(s)Maria Rosa de Meireles Garrido
OccupationLawyer and
columnist

Early careerEdit

He was born in Guarda, on 9 November 1878. He was part of the Constitutional junta that governed Portugal in 1915. He later served as Governor-General of Mozambique between 1915 and 1918. He was a prominent participant in the attempted coup of January 11, 1919 which took place after the assassination of Sidónio Pais.

Later careerEdit

He co-founded the National Reconstitution Republican Party. He was appointed Prime Minister, during a brief period (from 20 November to 30 November 1920). He was replaced by Liberato Pinto, an army officer.

He then joined a new party, the Nationalist Republican Party. He again became Prime Minister of Portugal, from 18 December 1923 to 6 July 1924. He died in Coimbra on 29 June 1928.

ReferencesEdit

Political offices
Preceded by Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the Ministry)
together with:
José Norton de Matos
António Maria da Silva
José de Freitas Ribeiro
Alfredo de Sá Cardoso

1920
Succeeded by
João Chagas (didn't take office)
José de Castro
Preceded by Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the Ministry)

1920
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the Ministry)

1923–1924
Succeeded by