||This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.
Zytek Group Ltd is an automotive and motorsport company founded in 1981 and based in Fradley and Repton, United Kingdom. Zytek Group has two main divisions: Zytek Automotive, which is based at Fradley, Staffordshire; and Zytek Engineering, which is based at Repton, Derbyshire.
Zytek Automotive is a specialist powertrain and vehicle engineering enterprise. From its genesis of engine-management control systems, Zytek’s focus has developed to cover the Electric and Hybrid-vehicle sector.
Zytek offers full turnkey solutions to design, develop, and integrate electric motors into a range of cars and commercial vehicles, and offers low volume production facilities to complete the process.
The current family of electric MOTORS ranges up to 70 kW, with the next generation of drivetrains being developed to meet the needs of the advancing electric vehicle market.
Zytek has designed and integrated electric drive systems for a wide range of European and US vehicle manufacturers and is currently building high performance electric drivetrains up to 70 kW and 300Nm for cars, buses and light commercial vehicles. The UK facility can accommodate up to 6,000 E-Drive integrations a year in batches as low as 100, providing vehicle manufacturers and large fleets with a highly flexible specialist production resource for their low carbon programmes. Zytek can also manufacture up to around 18,000 high efficiency electric traction motors each year, with the option of integrated control systems to further improve overall system weight and packaging.
Smart Electric Drive
Zytek converted an initial 100 smart fortwos to fully electric versions at their production facilities in Fradley, Staffordshire. These vehicles took part in a market trial by selected British customers as lease vehicles from 2007 to 2009.
The drivetrain installed in the smart electric drive utilizes state of the art 55 kW brushless DC motor technology that is designed and manufactured in house by Zytek. The award winning innovative drivetrain design integrates the electric motor, power and control electronics, into one compact assembly with only three connections: water, High voltage(300V) and low voltage (12v).
The success of the UK trials has led to the next generation smart 451 electric drive rolling off the production line from October 2009 at a dedicated Zytek facility at the smart fortwo assembly plant in Hambach, France.
Modec Delivery Vehicle
The 70 kW integrated drivetrain installed in the Modec electric vehicle t is designed and manufactured in house by Zytek.
The 70 kW electric motor drives the 5.5 tonne suburban delivery vehicle, which has been developed as an alternative to the transit van for urban areas. Quiet and pollution free, Modec vans can carry two tonnes up to 100 miles at 50 mph, with zero emissions – all from a single charge.
The Production of the E drive is completed at Zytek’s production facility in Fradley, Staffordshire.
Vito E Taxi
Zytek's 70 kW flexible drivetrain is integrated in the E Vito Taxi., incorporating integrated motor/gearbox and remote inverter. The prototype was developed by a consortium of automotive engineering and technology specialists, part funded by a grant from regional development agency Advantage West Midlands.
The vehicle is capable of up to 75 mph, powered by the innovative 70 kW Zytek electric drive system, driving the front wheels through a custom designed Vocis/Graziano transmission. The vehicle not only generates zero tailpipe emissions but also very low noise pollution.
Gordon Murray Design T.27
Gordon Murray Design and Zytek Automotive developed an all-electric three-seater city car, the T.27, made possible through a GB£4.5 million (US$7.2 million in June 2010) investment from the government-backed Technology Strategy Board. With a total cost of £9m (US$14.4 million in June 2010), the research and development project allowed the consortium to develop a prototype that was unveiled at the Royal Automobile Club in June 2011. The T.27 road debut is scheduled for November 2011 at the RAC Future Car Challenge. Gordon Murray Design is negotiating with three possible manufacturers for production of the T.27.
The T.27 was designed to be the world’s most efficient electric car due to its low weight and ‘clean sheet of paper design’. According to their developers, the T.27 features lower energy consumption per mile that other electric cars: uses 29% less energy per km than the Smart ED; 36% less energy per km than the Mitsubishi i MiEV; and 86% less energy per km than the Mini E. The efficient energy used was achieved through an entirely fresh approach, accepting no compromise in safety, performance, range, space, weight, rolling resistance and ride quality. By applying iStream methodology, a new manufacturing process developed by Gordon Murray Design, to the T.27 and fully integrating it with a custom-designed lightweight, highly efficient drivetrain from Zytek, every aspect of the vehicle was optimised.
Zytek Automotive developed a brand new, innovative, lightweight and fully integrated 25 kW electric motor, control system and 12.5 kWh lithium-ion battery pack, to ensure that maximum efficiency is achieved. The car all-electric range is 100 to 130 mi (160 to 210 km) depending on driving conditions. The total weight of the motor, inverter and gearbox configuration is up to 45% lighter than comparative current production EV powertrains. The T.27 weighs only 1,500 lb (680 kg), and achieves a top speed of 65 mph (105 km/h). Its 0-62 mph (0 to 100 km/h) speed is said to be under 15 seconds. In crash testing, the T.27 obtained high marks in the EuroNCAP 50 km/h (31 mph) impact crash test, showing good structural integrity and design.
At the heart of the powertrain is Zytek’s new, high efficiency permanent magnet synchronous motor. The high maximum machine speed of 14,000 rpm has enabled generated torque and hence machine size to be reduced considerably, bringing further reductions in cost and weight. When used in conjunction with the Zytek Electric Vehicle Control Module, torque delivery is scheduled in a way that further improves overall efficiency, while also eliminating the harshness that can occur during changes in torque demand.
The 17 month project has several aims; to position the consortium positively to further explore the possibility of scaling up and building a manufacturing facility in the UK, with the ultimate goal of producing the T.27 in this country; keeping the new technology and IPR within the UK and making this affordable, fun and environmentally friendly car widely available on the open market. The project outcomes will help justify the required follow-on commercial investment to take the vehicle into manufacture by providing a body of evidence that the concept is a viable design for production.
Zytek’s extensive experience in the design, development and integration of road going pure electric and hybrid systems provided the platform for the high performance Zytek F1 KERS system in the 2009 season. Derivatives of this product are now being supplied to several other high profile formulae.
Zytek Motorsport is the brand name used for the Zytek Groups motorsport product range and applications.
In 1987, Zytek bought the British Alan Smith Racing outfit in order to expand its motorsports involvement. The team initially supported the Jordan Grand Prix team in Formula 3000 before the team eventually chose to concentrate on engine development. Zytek would return to running a motorsports team in 2004 when the company entered the Le Mans Endurance Series with their first sports car, the Zytek 04S, which was able to finish second in the team championship in 2005 due to two overall victories. Zytek Engineering continues to campaign in the Le Mans Series as well as in the American Le Mans Series and 24 Hours of Le Mans.
Expanding from their development of electronic management systems, Zytek created an engine development division in the early 1990s. From experienced gained in running a Formula 3000 team, Zytek was chosen by Judd to further develop and maintain the KV V8s they had initially built for use in the series. This program would eventually lead to Zytek being chosen as the sole engine supplier for the series from 1996 until 2004, although the engines would continue to be used in later Formula 3000-based series. Zytek built 90 units of the KVF3000 V8.
In late 2000, Panoz Motor Sports and Élan Motorsport Technologies worked together on the development of the new V8 motor for the Panoz LMP07 Le Mans Prototype. Although this project did not last long due to difficulties with the LMP07, Zytek continued developing a V8 prototype engine of their own for the DBA4 03S prototype. This engine later formed the basis for the eventual Zytek 04S prototype. The engine, based on the Formula 3000 units, was developed into 4.5-Litre 4.0-Litre and 3.4-Litre variants. Although these engines were used exclusively in the 04S, some engines were also sold to customers.
A further development of these engines was announced in 2005, when Zytek was once again chosen as the sole engine supplier for a new series, A1 Grand Prix. Although larger than the initial F3000 engines, the A1GP engines are based on the same architecture. A boost option was also included, allowing for 50 extra horsepower for a small duration of time. In 2008 Ferrari replaced Zytek as the sole engine supplier in A1GP. Zytek continued to power Euroseries 3000 until 2009 when it was replaced by Auto GP, which also utilises Zytek power in the form of the ZA348 3.4-Litre engine.
In 2002, Zytek bought some of the remains of the defunct Reynard Motorsport from International Racing Management (IRM). These assets included the rights to the Reynard 02S Le Mans Prototype, of which only one had been completed since the company's demise. Zytek already supplied an engine to the existing chassis, and would therefore built further copies under the name Zytek 04S, offering both the chassis and engine as a complete package.
Due to changes in the prototype regulations in 2006, Zytek upgraded one of their existing 04S chassis while building a third all-new car, named the 06S. Further regulation changes in 2007 required the team to build an entirely new car, the Zytek-07s, which campaigned in both the LMP1 and LMP2 classes of the Le Mans Series.
In 2009 Zytek Engineering became the first manufacturer to score a podium with a hybrid LMP. The car, run by Corsa Motorsports, finished on the podium on its debut at Lime Rock.
The Zytek Q10 Hybrid is a non-invasive parallel hybrid system, consisting of a motor-generator, battery and inverter. Its purpose is to recover energy normally wasted during deceleration and subsequently use this energy to assist the internal combustion engine during acceleration.
While assisting, the motor-generator can be used to provide supplementary power or to reduce the power required from the internal combustion engine, in order to save fuel. It is important to note that the hybrid system itself doesn’t necessarily save fuel, it is by reducing the power output of the internal combustion engine that fuel is saved. The hybrid system can then be used to correct the deficit, facilitating the same power output while using less fuel.
ZPH will use the lessons learnt during the Q10 Sportscar project but will use bespoke motor racing parts in contrast to the heavily road-based Q10 system. This will enable the new generation hybrid to be considerably more efficient, with double the power density of the Q10 system.
Once the system has been developed and proven it will then be offered as a “bolt-on” system which can be fitted to a wide variety of motorsport platforms. The system will be ideally suited for one-make formulas, GT and Touring Car championships, or any other series or manufacturer looking to utilise hybrid power in a cost-effective manner. ZPH will weigh c.50 kg and produce c.40 kW of power.
- "Greener transport hits a UK roadblock". Birmingham Post. 19 February 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
- "Gordon Murray Design releases specification for T.27 electric city car". The Independent. 1 June 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
- "Gordon Murray T.27 unveiled; Zytek provides more details on 25 kW EV powertrain". Green Car Congress. 2011-06-29. Retrieved 2011-07-01.
- Jeff Cobb (2011-06-30). "UK Exotic Car Designer Builds Innovative T.27 City EV". hybridCars.com. Retrieved 2011-07-01.
- "Zytek unveiled as parts supplier to McLaren F1 KERS system". The Independent. 10 August 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Zytek racing cars|