Works of Madhvacharya
The extant works of the Dvaita founder-philosopher, Sri Madhvacharya, called the Sarvamūla Granthas, are many in number. The works span a wide spectrum of topics concerning Dvaita philosophy in specific and Vedic thought in general. They are commentaries on the Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavadgita, Brahma Sutras and other works. The list of works are enumerated below.
Commentaries on the Bhagavadgita
- भगवद्गीताभाष्यम् (Bhagavadgītābhashyam)
This work focusses on explaining the meaning of Gita. This is said to be the first work of Sri Madhvacharya, and at a very young age. Like all his other works, there is extremely brevity of expression, profusion of quotations from other authoritative sources (the exception being Brahmatarka, which is quoted in most other works), and is very definitive.
- भगवद्गीतातात्पर्यनिर्णयः (Bhagavadgitatatparyanirnaya)
This work compliments the Bhashya in two ways - it gives some alternate meanings to Gita (perhaps an indication to the truth in the quotation given in the Bhashya that Gita has at least 10 meanings) and reviews and criticizes some other commentaries on Gita, notably the advaita commentary on Gita.
Commentaries on the Brahmasutras
- ब्रह्मसूत्रभाष्यम् (Brahmasutra Bhashya)
This has multiple commentaries, including some of the earliest disciples of Sri Madhvacharya --
- Sattarkadipavali of Sri Padmanabha Tirtha
- Tattvapradipa of Sri Trivikrima Panditacharya
- Tattvaprakashika of Sri Jayatirtha
Sri Madhvacharya's treatment of Brahmasutras has many unique points:
Brahmasutras are considered decisive [निर्णायक] of purport of the entire scriptures. This is unlike other traditions which consider the suutras as just an aid or a part of the process to arrive at the purport. And for this reason, Brahmasutras are part of paravidyA in dvaita, while it is not in other sampradAyAs.
Brahmasuutras are recited with an 'OM' at the beginning and the end.
Brahmasuutras' range of coverage is the entire shabdashAstra, not just that Upanishads.
According to Advaita, one of the prerequisites to studying Brahmasutras or doing brahmajijnAsa (i.e. an enquiry into nature of Brahman) requires a thorough understanding of the karmamiimaasma. According to Vishishtaadvaita, Brahmasutras comprise one unit of shaastra, along with karmamiimaamsa and daivii miimaamsaa. According to Dvaita, Brahmasuutras are a unit in themselves, and having devotion to Vishnu and detachment in regular materialism etc., form the minimum prerequisite. There is no stress on understanding of karmakANDa.
- अनुव्याख्यानम् (Anu Vyakhyana)
- न्यायविवरणम् (Nyaya Vivarana)
- अणुभाष्यम् (Anu Bhashya)
Commentaries on the Upanishads
- ईशावास्योपनिषद्भाष्यम् (Ishavasya Upanishad Bhashya)
- केनोपनिषद्भाष्यम् (Kena Upanishad Bhashya)
- कठोपनिषद्भाष्यम् (Katha Upanishad Bhashya)
- मुण्डकोपनिषद्भाष्यम् (Mundaka Upanishad Bhashya)
- षट्प्रश्नोपनिषद्भाष्यम् (Satprashna Upanishad Bhashya)
- माण्डूक्योपनिषद्भाष्यम् (Mandukya Upanishad Bhashya)
- ऐतरेयोपनिषद्भाष्यम् (Aitareya Upanishad Bhashya)
- तैत्तिरीयोपनिषद्भाष्यम् (Taittireeya Upanishad Bhashya)
- बृहदारण्यकोपनिषद्भाष्यम् (Brihadaranyaka Upanishad Bhashya)
- छान्दोग्योपनिषद्भाष्यम् (Chandogya Upanishad Bhashya)
Work on Veda
- ऋग्भाष्यम् (Rigbhashyam)
These are short works, each of which has a very specific focus.
- प्रमाणलक्षणम् (Pramānalaksanam)
- कथालक्षणम् (Katha Lakshana)
- उपाधिखण्डनम् (Upadhi Khandana)
- प्रपञ्चमिथ्यात्वानुमानखण्डनम् (Prapancha Mithyatva-anumana Khandana)
- मायावादखण्डनम् (Mayavada Khandana)
- तत्त्वसङ्ख्यानम् (Tattva Samkhyana)
- तत्त्वविवेकः (Tattva Viveka)
- तत्त्वोद्योतः (Tattvoddyota)
- विष्णुतत्त्वविनिर्णयः (Vishnu Tattva Vinirnaya)
- कर्मनिर्णयः (Karma Nirnaya)
Works on Mahabharata↑Jump back a section
Work on Puranas
- भागवततात्पर्यनिर्णयः (Bhagavata Tatparya Nirnaya)
- नरसिंहनखस्तुतिः (Narasimha Naka Stuti)
- द्वादशस्तोत्रम् (Dvadasha stotra)
Works on Acharya
- कन्दुकस्तुतिः (Kanduka Stuti)
- न्यासपद्धतिः (Nyasapaddhati)
- तिथिनिर्णयः (Tithinirnaya)