Works based on Alice in Wonderland
||This article may contain original research. (November 2010)|
Lewis Carroll's books Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass have been highly popular in their original forms, and have served as the basis for many subsequent works since they were published. They have been adapted directly into other media, their characters and situations have been appropriated into other works, and these elements have been referenced innumerable times as familiar elements of shared culture. Simple references to the two books are too numerous to list; this list of works based on Alice in Wonderland focuses on works based specifically and substantially on Carroll's two books about the character of Alice.
Carolyn Sigler has shown that Carroll's two great fantasies inspired dozens of imitations, responses, and parodies during the remainder of the nineteenth century and the first part of the twentieth — so many that Carroll at one point began his own collection of Alice imitations. In 1887, one critic suggested that Carroll had plagiarized Tom Hood's From Nowhere to the North Pole (1875) when writing Alice — though the relationship was just the reverse: Hood's novel was one of the many Alice imitations.
The primary wave of Alice-inspired works slackened after about 1920, though Carroll's influence on other writers has never fully waned; it can be seen in recent books like Maeve Kelly's Alice in Thunderland (1993) and Alison Haben's Dreamhouse (1995).
Literature and publications
Literary retellings and sequels
- 1890 – The Nursery "Alice" by the author himself, a short version of the story written for little children.
- 1895 – A New Alice in the Old Wonderland, a novel by Anna M. Richards in which a different Alice, Alice Lee, travels to Wonderland and meets many of the characters of Carroll's books as well as others. (New edition 2009, ISBN 978-1-904808-35-0)
- c1897 – Gladys in Grammarland, a parody by Audrey Mayhew Allen illustrated by Henry Clarence Pitz in which a recalcitrant schoolgirl meets many grammar Imps which help to educate her. (New edition 2010, ISBN 978-1-904808-57-2)
- 1902 – The Westminster Alice, a parody by "Saki" illustrated by Francis Carruthers Gould critical of the Second Boer War in which Alice meets many British politicians of the time.
- 1902 – Clara in Blunderland, a parody by "Caroline Lewis" critical of the Second Boer War in which Clara represents Leader of the House of Commons Arthur Balfour. (New edition 2010, ISBN 978-1-904808-49-7)
- 1903 – Lost in Blunderland, a sequel to Clara in Blunderland criticizing Arthur Balfour after he was made Prime Minister. (New edition 2010, ISBN 978-1-904808-50-3)
- 1904 – John Bull's Adventures in the Fiscal Wonderland, a parody by Charles Geake and Francis Carruthers Gould critical of British economic policies of the time, in which the part of Alice is played by John Bull. (New edition 2010, ISBN 978-1-904808-51-0)
- 1907 – Alice in Blunderland: An Iridescent Dream, a parody by American humourist John Kendrick Bangs making fun of big business and big government. (New edition 2010, ISBN 978-1-904808-56-5)
- 1917 - New Adventures of Alice by artist John Rae, in which a young girl called Betsey dreams in bed about finding a new Alice book she had longed for since she read the first two and from there. The story follows Alice as she goes on another deep sleep adventure encountering characters and scenarios mostly based on the Mother Goose Rhymes.
- 1923 – Alice in Grammarland, a play by Louise Franklin Bache and illustrated by "Claudine", in which Alice attends a courtroom scene in Grammarland where questions of grammar are discussed.
- 1925 - Alice in Orchestralia by Ernest La Prade has another girl named Alice meeting animated musical instruments and learning about the symphony orchestra.
- 1928 - Alice's Adventures in China (阿丽思中国游记) by Chinese writer Shen Congwen.
- 1959 - More 'Alice' by Yates Wilson, whose young daughter begged him for more Alice stories. Alice is ill in bed, and in a half dream shrinks to the size of an insect and makes a fantastic tour of her bedroom, encountering strange creatures and places just as in Lewis Carroll's stories.
- 1970 - Alice in 2000 by Renzo Rossotti, illustrated by Grazia Nidasio.1
- 1982 – Alice in Puzzle-Land: A Carrollian Tale for Children Under Eighty by Raymond Smullyan is a book of riddles featuring Carroll's characters as protagonists.
- 1984 – Alice Through the Needle's Eye by Gilbert Adair, a sequel to Carroll's Alice books.
- 1985 – "Alice's Last Adventure", a short story by Thomas Ligotti is a present-day horror tale using Carroll-derived imagery.
- 1994 – Alice in Quantumland, by Robert Gilmore, is an allegory of quantum mechanics told through the adventures of Alice's explorations of the world of modern physics, with quanta depicted as eccentric characters similar to those in Wonderland, and quantum laws as the nonsensical or counter-intuitive rules governing Carroll's world.
- 1996 – Automated Alice by Jeff Noon. In this illustrated novella, Alice enters a grandfather clock and emerges in future Manchester, which has many bizarre denizens including an invisible cat named Quark and Celia, the Automated Alice.
- 1997 – "Złote popołudnie" ("Golden Afternoon"), a short story by Andrzej Sapkowski, retells the story of Alice from the point of view of the Cheshire Cat.
- 1998 – Otherland by Tad Williams, a science fiction series heavily influenced by Alice. There are sections involving a Red Queen, the chess-squares concept from Looking Glass, and evil men following the protagonists who take the form of Tweedledum and Tweedledee several times. There are four volumes in this series: City of Golden Shadow (Hardcover 1996, Paperback 1998); River of Blue Fire (Hardcover 1998, Paperback 1999); Mountain of Black Glass (Hardcover 1999, Paperback 2000); Sea of Silver Light (Hardcover 2001, Paperback 2002)
- 2004 – Alice's Journey Beyond the Moon, by R. J. Carter (ISBN 1-903889-76-6, Telos Publishing), fictionally purports to be a second sequel. It is heavily footnoted, however, with valid biographical information on both Dodgson and Liddell.
- 2006 – The Looking Glass Wars, and its follow-up novel, Seeing Redd (2007), written by Frank Beddor depicts an alternative to Carroll's Alice, implying that Carroll in fact distorted the story of Princess Alyss Heart (a.k.a. Alice Liddell) who had been sent to Earth when the evil Queen Redd conquered Wonderland. The series follows Alyss' exploits with familiar characters cast in new roles. The third book in the trilogy, Arch-Enemy, was published in October 2009.
- 2007 - Alice in Sunderland is a graphic novel by comics writer and artist Bryan Talbot. It explores the links between Lewis Carroll and the Sunderland area, with wider themes of history, myth and storytelling — and the truth about what happened to Sid James on stage at the Sunderland Empire Theatre.
- 2009 – Wonderland Revisited and the Games Alice Played There, a novel by Keith Sheppard, in which Alice finds herself back in Wonderland and has a number of a boardgame-themed adventures. (ISBN 978-1-904808-34-3)
- 2009 – Alice of the Dreamland, a novel by Kira, in which a girl meets the eternal Alice in a dreamland unspoiled by the mad adult world. (ISBN 978-1-4414-5384-6)
- 2010 – Alice in Verse: The Lost Rhymes of Wonderland, by J.T. Holden, is a reimagining of Lewis Carroll's classic tales, written entirely in rhyming verse. (Hardcover)
- 2012 – Steaming into Wonderland, (part of a Fantastic Stories of the Imagination anthology) a steampunk novelette by Douglas Cohen (ISBN 978-1617207877)
Literature containing allusions and influences
The Wonderland books are most likely the inspiration in the creation of other book series about little girls entering fantasy worlds through an interesting entrance (Dorothy Gale enters The Land of Oz through a twister, Wendy Darling enters Neverland with Peter Pan, Lucy Pevensie enters Narnia through the wardrobe, Coraline enters The Other World through a door that's been painted over, etc.).
- Davy and the Goblin; or, What Followed Reading "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" (1884) by Charles E. Carryl.
- Finnegans Wake (1939) by James Joyce is famously influenced by Alice. The novel is about a dream, and includes such lines as: "Alicious, twinstreams twinestraines, through alluring glass or alas in jumboland?" and "...Wonderlawn's lost us for ever. Alis, alas, she broke the glass! Liddell lokker through the leafery, ours is mistery of pain."
- French philosopher Gilles Deleuze writes extensively on Alice in Wonderland and the paradoxes contained within it in The Logic of Sense (1969).
- Douglas Hofstadter's Gödel, Escher, Bach (1979) contains numerous references to Alice in Wonderland.
- Mordant's Need (1986–1987) is a two-volume fantasy book series by Stephen R. Donaldson, which tells the story of a woman named Terisa who travels from modern Earth to a medieval setting where there is a form of magic based on mirrors. Instead of reflecting images, mirrors are used to "translate" people and things between locations and realities. The author also bases much of the plot on a metaphor of the game of checkers (called "hop-board" in the story) instead of chess.
- Paul Auster's City of Glass (1987) contains a reference to Chapter IV: Humpty Dumpty of Through the Looking-Glass.
- Stasiland (2003) written by Anna Funder is a non-fiction text which explores the regime of the German secret police and the Berlin wall. There are many allusions to Alice throughout the text.
- The King in the Window (2005) by Adam Gopnik.
- The first novel in the Echo Falls series by Peter Abrahams, called Down the Rabbit Hole (2006), features main character Ingrid Levin-Hill starring in a stage production of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
- Robert Doucette's "Why a Raven is like a Writing Desk: A Wonderland Mystery" (2006) is a short fable that attempts to answer the riddle from the Mad Tea-Party.
- Into Wonderland (2010), by Truffle, is a photographic portrayal of the original classic story, featuring fashion photographs & models depicting Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
- Night of the Jabberwock by Fredric Brown includes a character who is a member of a society that believes Lewis Carroll's books to be visions of an actual world.
- The Wonderland Gambit is a trilogy by Jack Chalker. While set in a science-esque setting, the trilogy plays heavily on both characters and themes from the Lewis Carroll books.
- Alice Liddell is a character in the Riverworld series of science fiction books by Philip José Farmer.
- Little Mimzy Wells by Markiv Inias is influenced heavily by Carroll's works, and draws liberally from the themes present in said novels.
- The eleventh book of A Series of Unfortunate Events, by Lemony Snicket (the nom de plume of American author Daniel Handler), contains a poem - "The Walrus and the Carpenter" - which contains a stanza worded in a coded message. The book also features a beach named Briny Beach.
- Vladimir Nabokov translated Alice into his native Russian as Аня в Стране Чудес (Anya in Wonderland). His novels include many Carrollian allusions, such as the spoof book titles that run through Ada, or Ardor. However, Nabokov told his student and annotator Alfred Appel that the infamous Lolita, with its paedophilic protagonist, makes no conscious allusions to Carroll (despite the novel's photography theme and Carroll's interest in the art form).
- British writer Jeff Noon has inserted many Carrollian allusions into a series of cyberpunk novels, beginning with Vurt (1993), that are set in a fantasy-future Manchester. In the books, Noon applies a logical extension of the Wonderland and Looking-Glass World concepts into a virtual reality cyberverse that characters occasionally get lost in. One possible interpretation of the books is that everything happens in the dream of Alice, akin to the supposed "dream of the Red King" in Through the Looking-Glass. Noon also wrote Automated Alice, which he calls a "trequel" to the Alice books as well as being a continuation of the Vurt series.
- Carroll's work is a major subtext in Joyce Carol Oates' novel Wonderland.
- John Ringo's "Looking Glass" military hard science fiction book series, Into the Looking Glass, Vorpal Blade, Manxome Foe, and Claws That Catch.
- HaJaBaRaLa, a Bengali "nonsense story" by Sukumar Ray, features a little boy who enters into a fantasy world full of fantastic comic creatures.
- Aliss is a novel by French Canadian writer Patrick Sénécal.
- The title of teen novel Go Ask Alice (author said to be Beatrice Sparks,) is taken from the psychedelic song by Jefferson Airplane, "White Rabbit", which took major imagery from Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
- Uncle Albert and the Quantum Quest, a children's science book by Russell Stannard.
- Exegesis, by Astro Teller, a science fiction novel featuring the e-mail correspondences of grad student Alice Lu and the artificial intelligence she has created, contains many allusions to Carroll.
- Sign of Chaos, written by Roger Zelazny as part of The Chronicles of Amber, features two chapters taking place in a manufactured Shadow designed to resemble Wonderland as part of a drug-induced hallucination.
Comics, manga, and graphic novels
- Glenn Diddit's Alice's Adventures In Wonderland (2009), illustrated by literacy advocate Glenn Diddit, is a word-for-word, unabridged graphic novel adaptation of the Lewis Carroll classic. Printed in both color and black and white versions, the entire Alice's Adventures in Wonderland novel is illustrated after the style of Sir John Tenniel.
- Are you Alice?, written by Ai Ninomiya and illustrated by Ikumi Katagiri, is a Japanese manga series based on Alice in Wonderland. The story revolves around Alice, a young man who wandered to Wonderland in his search for his name and identity. In order to truly claim the name of "Alice in Wonderland" for himself, he has to play the game of killing the White Rabbit. The Queen of Hearts places Alice under the protection of the Mad Hatter to keep him safe from the Regrets, the previous Alices who had failed in killing the White Rabbit and now roam Wonderland trying to get the name of 'Alice' back. Animal characters such as the White Rabbit and the Cheshire Cat are given human forms and occupations (such as the Dormouse as Hatter's informant and the Caterpillar as a librarian).
- Several Batman villains are based on characters from the books. The Mad Hatter dresses like the Carroll character and often quotes from the books; whilst Tweedledum and Tweedledee are named for the characters in Through the Looking Glass. At one point there is even a "Wonderland Gang", with all of its members taking the name and appearance of characters from the novel. Batwoman's sister, a super-villain, goes by the name "Alice" and speaks almost exclusively in lines from the books. The graphic novel, Arkham Asylum: A Serious House on Serious Earth, also features other regular Batman characters quoting from both books much more heavily than usual.
- Heart no Kuni no Alice (Alice in the Country of Hearts), written by Quin Rose, is a manga series based on Alice in Wonderland.
- Alan Moore's comic, The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, Volume II, contains a section called "The New Traveller's Almanac". The almanac contains reports about investigations of various strange locations and phenomena well-known from fiction, including a thinly-veiled discussion of Alice on p. 28, in which it is revealed that after returning from her adventures through the looking-glass her organs were all on the wrong side of her body and she was no longer able to digest normal food.
- Alan Moore also included teenage and adult versions of Alice as characters in his erotic graphic novel, Lost Girls.
- Another Japanese manga series, called Pandora Hearts, contains heavy references to Alice in Wonderland. The main character is Alice, who fights against and among Chains (creatures from a certain dimension known as the Abyss), whose names are taken directly from the book (Mad Hatter, March Hare, etc.), in order to regain her lost memories. There was also an omake between chapters 44 and 45 called "Gil in Wonderland", which parodies the beginning of Alice in Wonderland. Gilbert, another character from the series, takes the place of Alice and falls down a rabbit hole.
- The Oz-Wonderland War. A 6-issue DC comic mini-series originally meant to be Captain Carrot #21-26, but published in 1985 after the original series was cancelled. The art is done in faithful emulation of Tenniel and John O'Niell. It draws primarily from the first 3 Oz books and the two Alice books.
- The webcomic, Seven Years in Dog-Land, is inspired by Alice in Wonderland. In addition to having a main protagonist with the same name, who like the original Alice is portrayed as an out-of-place stranger who cannot make sense of her new environment, the story introduces Alice’s father as "Lewis Carroll" – the name of Alice in Wonderland’s author. The webcomic's Alice enters the bizarre Dog-Land through a hole in a tree, similar to how Wonderland's Alice entered Wonderland.
- In 2008, Disney Press and Slave Labor Graphics released a graphic novel called Wonderland about the White Rabbit's housemaid, Mary Ann. It is written by Tommy Kovac and illustrated by Sonny Liew.
- An issue of the comic book series Marvel Fairy Tales is a basic retelling of Alice in Wonderland, with the superheroine Stature playing the role of Alice. There are also Wonderland versions of her fellow Young Avengers along with her father Scott Lang and Tigra (as the Cheshire Cat).
- The Alice Comedies, a series of live action/animated shorts created by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks in the 1920s which initially were loosely based on Alice in Wonderland.
- Alicia En La España De Las Maravillas (1978, Jorge Feliu, Spain) features four Alices wandering through 40 years of Spanish history.
- Alice in Murderland (2010) A horror movie based on characters from Alice's Adventures In Wonderland.
- Alice in Wonderland: A Musical Porno, a 1976 pornographic film, is based directly upon Lewis Carroll's story.
- Alice in Wonderland, (2010), a film by Tim Burton, starring Johnny Depp as the Mad Hatter in which a 19-year-old Alice played by Mia Wasikowska returns to Wonderland for more adventures.
- Alice or the Last Escapade, a 1977 French film directed by Claude Chabrol about a girl named Alice who gets into her own otherworldly adventure
- The Care Bears Adventure in Wonderland Wonderland is visited by the Care Bears.
- Dreamchild, the 1985 Gavin Millar film, in which a reporter attempts to uncover the 'true story' of the Alice tales from an 80 year-old woman who may or may not be Alice Liddel. Featuring grotesque, aged versions of the Alice characters (designed by Jim Henson's Creature shop), the film explores the relationships adults have with the fictional characters from their childhoods.
- Jabberwocky (1977) a film by Terry Gilliam set in medieval times and featuring the Jabberwock.
- Malice in Wonderland, set in present day England, the characters are inspired by those in Carroll's novels.
- In Marx Reloaded (2011), Karl Marx is depicted in scenes which parody both The Matrix and Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
- The Matrix (1999). The Wachowski brothers who directed the film have stated that Alice's Adventures in Wonderland is a running theme in their Matrix trilogy.
- The Last Mimsy (2007). Science fiction tale of another young girl who gets a look into the looking glass, guided by the same rabbit as Alice Liddel.
- Phoebe in Wonderland (2008), starring Elle Fanning as a little girl whose role as Alice in a school play helps her deal with her Tourette syndrome.
- Resident Evil (2002) contains various references to Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
- Smashing Time (1967), in which many of the characters are named after nonsense poems in Through the Looking Glass
- Betty in Blunderland (1934), Betty Boop's adventures in Wonderland.
- Thru the Mirror (1936), Mickey Mouse's adventures in a dream world inspired by reading Through the Looking-Glass (but with animated cards as in Alice in Wonderland).
- Swee'pea Through the Looking-Glass (1960), a Jack Kinney Popeye cartoon.
- Curly-Joe in Wonderland (1965), The New Three Stooges classic cartoon.
- Abbott and Costello in Blunderland (1967), The Abbott and Costello Cartoon Show, a Hanna-Barbera cartoon.
- An anime short film based on Alice in Wonderland was made by Sanrio, starring Hello Kitty (1974) as Alice. Released as part of Hello Kitty & Friends.
- Nippon Animation produced an anime of Alice in Wonderland in 1983 to 1984. This anime adopted an original story that Alice and her rabbit Benny take a trip to Wonderland and go home for each episode.
- Neco z Alenky (Alice) A 1988 full-length stop motion animation by Czech Republic artist Jan Švankmajer.
- Miyuki-chan in Wonderland (1993), an anime, adapted from a manga by Clamp, is an erotic lesbian rendition of Alice.
- Mindy in Wonderland (November 1996), Animaniacs cartoon
- Project ARMS (プロジェクトアームズ?) (1997) is a manga/anime series that is heavily influenced by "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland". The ARMS weapons are named after characters in Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland.
- Alice SOS (April 1998), where four kids go on an adventure to different worlds to rescue Alice after she has been kidnapped by a mysterious evil force.
- Serial Experiments Lain (July 1998) tells the story of a girl who is drawn into the cyberspace "underground" of the Wired, and features a character named Arisu ("Alice") Mizuki (this character is a second use of one created by the scenarist, Chiaki Konaka, for the animation "Alice in Cyberland").
- Cardcaptor Sakura has two episodes in the anime adaptation that refer to the Alice stories:
- "Sakura's Little Adventure" (October 1998) subtly references "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" as Sakura is shrunken by the Clow Card called The Little and wears a dress resembling the one worn by Alice in the original illustrations and the 1951 Disney movie.
- "Sakura in Wonderland" (1999) is more clearly based on the Alice stories. Sakura portrays Alice while the supporting characters in the anime series portray several other characters in the Alice stories.
- The George Shrinks (2000) episode "Becky in Wonderland" pays homage to the original novel.
- Gakuen Alice (2003) is about a school where people's unique abilities are called "Alices". The currency used is a "rabbit". In the anime adaptation, the main character Mikan is dressed in Alice's Disney-recognized blue dress and wandering through Wonderland in the opening credits.
- Kagihime Monogatari Eikyuu Alice Rondo (February 2004), a manga turned anime that focuses on the completion of a fictional sequel called The Eternal Alice.
- Brandy & Mr. Whiskers (August 21, 2004) is somewhat similar to the Alice books; the main heroine falls into the Amazon because of a white rabbit, and encounters creatures like bickering twins and a tyrannical dictator.
- Pandora Hearts is a 2006 manga (with 2009 anime) about a boy, Oz, who gets banished into the prison known as the "Abyss", and is saved by a "Chain" known as Alice. The mystery begins as Oz unravels the secrets behind Alice's lost memories, his own mysterious past, the Abyss and the strange organization known as Pandora. It heavily references to Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass.
- Eleanor's Secret (2009; original French title: Kérity la maison des contes), is an animated film about a boy who inherits a library of fairy tale books; the characters come out of the books and talk to the boy and they go together on an adventure. Alice and White Rabbit are among the most prominently featured characters and sections from the book are read aloud in several languages in the film.
- Alice in Wonderland (or What's a Nice Kid Like You Doing in a Place Like This?), a 1966 ABC animated comedy special very loosely based on the book, in which Hedda Hopper is caricatured (with the help of her voice) as Hedda the Mad Hatter, and both Fred Flintstone and Barney Rubble from The Flintstones played the Caterpillar.
- Lost In Space (1965–1968) in episode (1-21) "The Magic Mirror" Penny goes through a mirror and discovers another universe with a lonely little boy as its sole occupant.
- An episode of Star Trek titled "Shore Leave" features a recreated white rabbit and Alice, brought to life by a computer which can make thoughts become reality.
- Carl Sagan's television series, Cosmos: A Personal Voyage (1980), used the Mad Hatter's Tea Party to illustrate the effects of higher and higher gravity, culminating in a black hole, in Episode 9: "The Lives of the Stars", a segment called "Gravity in Wonderland", viewable on YouTube here.
- The Disney Channel series Adventures in Wonderland (1991–1995) is based on the first book, featuring many of the major characters. Also, Alice enters Wonderland in each episode by walking through her mirror, a reference to the second book.
- Lost (2004–2010) is heavily influenced by Alice in Wonderland and contains many references to Alice's world. The third season finale was also named after the second book.
- This is Wonderland (2004–2006), a Canadian legal drama/comedy which follows the main character Alice De Raey as she encounters characters ranging from the truly desperate to the bizarre, is partly inspired by the characters of the Alice books.
- Alice (2009) is a Syfy channel miniseries based on the novels, but set in the modern day, where Wonderland has evolved to today's standards and Alice as a dark-haired assertive woman instead of the blond child she is in the original.
- In 1956 Charles Blackman, after listening to an audiobook of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, painted a series of 46 paintings of Alice with other characters from the series.
- In 1969, Salvador Dalí produced 12 illustrations based on Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
- All Saints' Church, Daresbury memorialises the story in several stained glass windows.
- Statues of Alice, the Mad Hatter and the White Rabbit can be seen in the south-eastern part of Central Park in New York City. The Surrey county town of Guildford also has several Alice in Wonderland statues throughout the town, as does Warrington in Cheshire, the nearest town to the village of Daresbury, where Lewis Carroll was born.
Classical music and opera
Music inspired by, referencing, or incorporating texts from the Alice books include:
- Deems Taylor: orchestral work Through the Looking-Glass (1918)
- Irving Fine: choral work Three Choruses from Alice in Wonderland (1942)
- Richard Rosen: original rock opera production Alice and Wonderland (1973)
- David Del Tredici: An Alice Symphony (1969), Final Alice (1976), Child Alice (1980/1981), Haddock's Eyes (1986)
- Federico Ibarra: opera Alicia (1995)
- Carlo Forlivesi, Through the Looking-Glass (2005) for electronics. The piece is included in the CD album SILENZIOSA LUNA (ALCD 76).
- Unsuk Chin: opera Alice in Wonderland (2007)
- Alan John: opera Through the Looking Glass (2008)
- John Craton: ballet Through the Looking-Glass (2010)
- Joseph Hallman: Ballet/Dramaturgy: ALICE (2010)
Hard rock bands have used ideas from Alice In Wonderland, usually with a sense of parody. Both Nazareth and Paice Ashton Lord released albums called Malice In Wonderland – the latter using one of Peter Blake's paintings for the sleeve.
There was a rash of Alice-related material in the music industry in the 1980s, a fad mainly fuelled by Goth and indie rock musicians.Siouxsie and the Banshees, for instance, named their label Wonderland and released an album called Through The Looking Glass. The former London-based Batcave Club was renamed "Alice In Wonderland". The Sisters of Mercy had a hit single, "Alice", about the image of Carroll's heroine, which in turn led to a story called "Alice In The Floodlands".
- On Aerosmith's 2001 album, Just Push Play, the song "Sunshine" talks about Alice and other characters of the book. In the music video, Steven Tyler is shown trying to protect a young, blonde Alice in the woods, along with depictions of the Red Queen, the White Rabbit, among others.
- Ambrosia's song, "Mama Frog" from their album Ambrosia, contains a narration of "jabberwok".
- The thrash metal / speed metal band Annihilator released a number of albums inspired directly and indirectly by Alice in Wonderland, the most popular being Never, Neverland and Alice in Hell.
- Virginia Astley has released much Alice-related work, including her LP From Gardens Where We Feel Secure with sound effects recorded a few miles south of where Alice's adventures began; and songs like "Tree Top Club," "Nothing Is What It Seems," and "Over the Edge of the World".
- The Birthday Massacre is a Gothic/Industrial band that includes a lot of Alice In Wonderland themes both visually and musically, including a song titled "Looking Glass".
- The popular Japanese band Buck-Tick released a song in 2007 titled "Alice in Wonder-Underground". The PV includes a very macabre depiction of the story, with Alice chasing her rabbit, the band periodically becoming rabbits, and the lead vocalist Atsushi Sakurai dressed as the Mad Hatter.
- The 1978 Chick Corea album, The Mad Hatter (album), has its music, songtitles and album title based on characters and passages from the story.
- Escape Key's song, "The Girl Who's Never Been", retells the story from the point of view of Alice, lost in the real world and trying to find her way back to Wonderland.
- Family Force Five performs the song "Topsy Turvy" for Tim Burton's 2010 movie Alice in Wonderland but it did not make it on the album.
- The debut album Alice's Inferno, by Spanish Gothic metal band Forever Slave, is a concept album focusing on Alice's life after her parents' death.
- Hypnogaja performs the song Looking Glass from the 2005 album Below Sunset. They are an Alternative Rock, Crossover, Space Rock, and Trip Hop band based in Los Angeles, CA.
- Jefferson Airplane's song White Rabbit from their 1967 album Surrealistic Pillow mentions Alice, the Dormouse, the hookah-smoking caterpillar, the White Knight, and the Red Queen. Written by Grace Slick it shows parallels between the story and the hallucinatory effects of psychedelic drugs.
- Jewel released an album and single with the title Goodbye Alice in Wonderland.
- Avril Lavigne wrote and recorded the song "Alice" for Tim Burton's film Alice in Wonderland, which is on the soundtrack Almost Alice.
- Lisa Mitchell's song "Sometimes I Feel Like Alice" is based on Alice's experiences in Wonderland.
- Malice Mizer's 1997 Sans Retour Voyage "Derniere" ~Encoure Une Fois~ concert video was an interpretation of Alice in Wonderland by the band.
- The video for the Tom Petty song "Don't Come Around Here No More" portrays Alice, the Mad Hatter, and other Wonderland elements. Producer Dave Stewart appears as the Caterpillar.
- In addition to synchronizing their 1979 album, The Wall, with the Disney animated movie adaptation, some of Pink Floyd's early works were said to be influenced by Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There, such as "Country Song" (which references to the Red Queen, White King and a smiling cat). Early member Syd Barrett also cited the books as one of the key inspirations for some of his early work.
- Neil Sedaka took Alice into the US Top 50 in 1963 with the single "Alice In Wonderland".
- Symphony X's 1998 release, Twilight in Olympus, contains "Through the Looking-Glass" – a 13-minute epic about the book.
- The song, "Alice of Human Sacrifice" ("Hitobashira Alice" in Japanese) is a song sung by four to five Vocaloids, which portray four to five people called Alice in number order (First Alice, Second Alice, etc.) who wander to Wonderland and create their own fantasy world in which they become enraptured in and many end up dying a cruel death.
- Tom Waits released an 2002 album titled Alice, consisting of songs that were written for a stage adaptation of Alice.
- The German Neofolk collaboration, Werkraum, has a song called "Beware the Jabberwock!" using Carroll's poem with original music on their album Early Love Music.
- MONKEY MAJIK's song "Wonderland" make references to characters in the story such as "the white rabbit", the caterpillar, "royal hearts", and Tweedle-dee and Tweedle-dum.
- The song "Blue Alice" from Ayria's album Hearts for Bullets is a more violent song about Alice.
- Wesley Avery a popular music artist on YouTube has a song "This Wonderland" which deals with the darker side of Alice's Wonderland
- Kyary Pamyu Pamyu's music video for Tsukema Tsukeru is heavily influenced by Alice in Wonderland
- English singer Natalia Kills debut album 'Perfectionist' featured a single titled 'Wonderland' the makes reference to various fairy tales including 'Alice In Wonderland'. The accompanying video takes the same inspiration.
- Her name is Alice by Shinedown
- Hatcham Social's debut album You Dig The Tunnel, I'll Hide The Soil was influenced by Alice's adventures, which references aspects in the songs such as tunnels, the scene of Alice changing in size and almost drowning in tears, anthropomorthic animals, passing through mirrors and the track Jabberwocky is a spoken word reading of Carrol's poem over a bed of music.
- Alice in Cyberspace, a radio drama series presented by the Lewis Carroll Society of Canada. The script is also available in book form.
- Humph in Wonderland, a special edition of the BBC Radio 4 series I'm Sorry I Haven't a Clue broadcast on Christmas Day 2007 featuring the chairman, Humphrey Lyttelton, as the protagonist and the pianist, Colin Sell, as the white rabbit.
Computer and video games
- In the Korean MMORPG MapleStory, an area called Root Abyss is based on "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland". Alicia is a character based on Alice, and three of the four bosses are based on the characters of the novel: Von Bon is a chicken based on the White Rabbit, Pierre is a clown based on the Hatter, and the Crimson Queen is a many-faced queen based on the Queen of Hearts. Some minor NPCs in Root Abyss are also based on other characters of "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland".
- Alice in Wonderland developed by Etranges Libellules. Based on the 2010 Tim Burton film.
- The 2000 Game Boy Color video game Alice in Wonderland published by Nintendo.
- Alice: An Interactive Museum (1990), a point-and-click visual novel created by the influential Japanese computer graphics designer, Haruhiko Shono. Winner of the 1991 MITI Multimedia Grand Prix Award.
- Alice in Wonderland was adapted into a computer game by Windham Classics in 1985. It is presented as a platform game involving puzzle-solving and simplistic word parsers akin to a text adventure. The game was remade later for Philips CD-I with clay animation graphics.
- American McGee's Alice is a macabre computer game which chronologically takes place following the two Alice books.
- Alice: Madness Returns is a direct sequel to American McGee's Alice and features Alice, now almost an adult, that tries to tackle the unresolved psychological issues related to the death of her family. Directly related to her fractured mind, the Wonderland is destroyed and a mysterious train rampages the remains.
- The RPG Kingdom Hearts includes Alice as a plot character. Also, Disney's version of Wonderland appears as one of the first worlds.
- In the intro to the Nintendo 64 game, Chameleon Twist, a rabbit runs through a forest stating he is late for something and jumps into a tree trunk and warps to a magical world. The player's character follows the rabbit into the magical world. A sequel was made called Chameleon Twist 2 and the rabbit and the magical world are once again featured.
- The Otome game Heart no Kuni no Alice and its sequels Clover no Kuni no Alice and Joker no Kuni no Alice use a story and world based on Alice in Wonderland as well as many of its characters as protagonists. The titles of the games themselves are a play on the Japanese title of Alice in Wonderland; ふしぎの国のアリス (Fushigi no Kuni no Arisu)
- In the RPG Megami Tensei series and its subsequent spin-offs, Alice is a major boss and a summon that you can obtain.
- In the PC-98 game Mystic Square of the Touhou Project, one of the boss characters is named Alice. She is inspired by the story: the background music for the Extra Stage where she appears again is titled "Alice in Wonderland", and playing cards appear as enemies; the mid-boss is a King card soldier. Alice later returns in Perfect Cherry Blossom and other games of the series.
- The 2005 adventure game Psychonauts features the White Rabbit, where Razputin, the game's protagonist, follows a White Rabbit in a Wonderland-esque universe in his mind.
- In the 2005 video game Ratchet: Deadlocked, there is an unlockable cheat code with the name Mirrored World whose description reads "See the world through the looking glass."
- Rule of Rose developed by Punchline.
- The Silent Hill series contain a few references of Wonderland, in an homage to its surreal world. The best example of this is in the first game, where a door puzzle at the Alchemilla Hospital involves coloured blocks imprinted with the Cheshire Cat, Mad Hatter, Mock Turtle and The Queen of Hearts.
- The Thief series, developed by Looking Glass Studios, contains references to the Alice world. Thief: The Dark Project has an early level that involves breaking into a huge mansion; as one goes deeper inside, it becomes "curiouser and curiouser" — resembling
- In A Witch's Tale the characters and the scenes are from "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland".
- Wonderland (1990), an illustrated text adventure by Magnetic Scrolls.
- In the popular 2002 video game Kingdom Hearts There were several levels dedicated to the Disney adaptation of Alice in Wonderland
- The every installment in the science fiction game series Bioshock has many references and inspirations from Alice in Wonderland.
- The 2011 video game Batman: Arkham City features a boss fight against The Mad Hatter in a Wonderland-esque dream world.
- Dungeonland and The Land Beyond the Magic Mirror are translations of the two books into Advanced Dungeons and Dragons terms. Written by AD&D creator Gary Gygax, they were released in the 1980s as two gaming adventures (or modules). In the game, all of Carroll’s characters are translated into horrifically deadly AD&D equivalents—for example, the Cheshire Cat became a sabretooth tiger (smilodon).
- Similarly, the Vorpal Sword, a magical sword that can cut through just about anything, has been a magical weapon in Dungeons and Dragons for many editions. Advanced Dungeons and Dragons also includes the Jabberwock from Jabberwocky as one of its many monsters.
- An adventure module for the role-playing game Paranoia was titled Alice Through the Mirrorshades, referring to both Through the Looking-Glass and the cyberpunk genre.
- Wonderland, a.k.a. JAGS Wonderland, is a role-playing game by Marco Chacon and published by Better Mousetrap Games that is based on the perspective of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland as being horrific rather than merely fanciful.
- Jabberwocks were among the many monsters spawned by Chaos in the Warhammer Fantasy setting, alongside such beings as Cockatrices and Manticores. They were phased out as the editions passed, but the recent "Jabberslythe" from the Beasts of Chaos army is an obvious reference to the Jabberwock and its former presence in the Warhammer world.
- The Wabbajack in Skyrim shares a similarity in name from the Jabberwocky or The Madness Poem. The Wabbajack being given to you by Sheogorath, the Daedric Prince of Madness and used to cast random effect spells on NPC's and enemies.
Science and technology
- A.L.I.C.E. a journey to the beginning of the Universe 
- The Eindhoven University of Technology built the interactive ALICE installation based on the narrative Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. It addresses the western culture characteristics highlighted in the narrative. Six stages were selected and implemented as an interactive experience.
- Richard Gregory in his book Mirrors in Mind, questions why looking-glass images are right-left reversed. He explains with diagrams the reversals occurring in Carroll's Through The Looking-Glass while also pondering how a scientific phenomenon is reflected in the vocabulary of the text, dwelling on the importance of words such as "re-turning", "behind", "back".
- Blackpool Illuminations has featured numerous illuminated and animated features and tableaux based on Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
- Blackpool Pleasure Beach has an Alice in Wonderland amusement park ride featuring characters from both Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass.
- Walt Disney Parks and Resorts have several attractions based on the 1951 animated film. Among them are Alice in Wonderland, Alice's Curious Labyrinth and Mad Tea Party.
- Winter Park, a ski resort in Grand County, Colorado, has several trails named after Alice in Wonderland characters, including March Hare, Jabberwocky, White Rabbit, Cheshire Cat, Tweedle Dee, Tweedle Dum, and Mock Turtle. Additionally, one chairlift in this area is a double chairlift named Looking Glass. However, the main lift to these Alice in Wonderland named trails, the Olympia Express high speed quad, is not named after an Alice in Wonderland character (although it services March Hare, White Rabbit, Jabberwocky, and Cheshire Cat).
- The Young At Art Museum in Davie Florida is scheduled to open Alice's Wonderscape in its early childhood development exhibition room in May 2012; it is based on Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
- TV chef Heston Blumenthal has drawn inspiration from Alice's Adventures in Wonderland in his experimental approach to gastronomy. For one of his television programmes, he created a version of the "Drink Me" potion.  
See also↑Jump back a section
- Sigler, Carolyn, ed. Alternative Alices: Visions and Revisions of Lewis Carroll's "Alice" Books. Lexington, KY, University Press of Kentucky, 1997.
- Sigler, p. 206.
- Notes on League of Extraordinary Gentlemen v2 #2 by Jess Nevins
- eShopCreations. "Filmography Popeye". Official Website Of Popeye The Sailor. James Of Late. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
- Morton N. Cohen (1996). Lewis Carroll: A Biography. Vintage Books. p. 8. ISBN 0-679-74562-9.
- "Alice Window". All Saints' Church, Daresbury. Retrieved 2011-12-28.
- Walt Disney Records (Press Release) (January 12, 2010). "Buena Vista Records Presents ALMOST ALICE Featuring Other Voices from WONDERLAND". EarthTimes. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
- Hu, J., Bartneck, C., Salem, B., & Rauterberg, M. (2008). ALICE's Adventures in Cultural Computing. International Journal of Arts and Technology, 1(1), 102–118. | doi:10.1504/IJART.2008.019885| html
- "Sarah Myerscough (Artist) – Alice in Wonderland 2006 – Blackpool Illuminations Gallery". www.sarahmyerscough.co.uk. Retrieved 12 August 2009.
- "Blackpool Pleasure Beach – Alice Ride". www.blackpoolpleasurebeach.com. Retrieved 1 September 2009.
- "Sarah Myerscough (Artist) – Mad Hatter (Alice in Wonderland Ride) – Blackpool Pleasure Beach Gallery". www.sarahmyerscough.co.uk. Retrieved 1 September 2009.
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