Viper Aircraft ViperJet
|Viper Jet MKII|
|National origin||United States|
|First flight||October 1999|
The Viper Jet is a jet aircraft designed and produced by Viper Aircraft Corporation in kit form for homebuilding. It is a conventional, low-wing monoplane with swept wings and tail and two seats in tandem under a bubble canopy. The jet intakes are located at the sides of the fuselage and the tricycle undercarriage is retractable. Construction throughout is of composite materials.
Originally conceived to use a piston engine driving a five- or six-blade pusher propeller, brothers Scott and Dan Hanchette commenced work on the prototype, then known as the ViperFan, in February 1996. However, concerns about the difficulty and cost associated with eliminating vibration from the drivetrain led the Hanchettes to choose turbojet propulsion instead, and they installed a Turbomeca Marboré engine in place of the Continental flat-6 they had originally envisaged as a powerplant.
The Viperjet prototype flew late in October 1999. and made its public debut at EAA AirVenture Oshkosh in 2000. The Hanchette brothers, however, were unhappy with both the low power and the high fuel consumption of the Turbomeca engine, and soon swapped it for a General Electric T58 turboshaft engine with the power turbine removed, turning it into a turbojet. While this worked, it still did not produce as much thrust as the Hanchettes hoped for, and eventually, they selected the General Electric J85. With this engine producing around four times the thrust of the previous powerplants tested in the Viper, the Hanchettes substantially redesigned the aircraft, dubbing the J85-powered version the MKII. The prototype was dismantled and rebuilt, with parts of the canopy and fuselage center section all that remained of the original design. The slightly larger MKII also features a pressurized cabin, nearly three times the fuel tankage, stronger undercarriage, and optional tip tanks. The MKII prototype flew on 12 June 2005 and Viper Aircraft offered replacement MKII parts to all customers who had purchased kits of the original version, now dubbed the MKI.
In 2006, the base MKII kit cost US$182,000, but since builders can purchase additional components already pre-made by Viper Aircraft, customers spent an average of $350,000 on their kits. They would then have to spend approximately another $300,000 and around 3,000 to 3,500 hours to complete the aircraft. The company also offers customers a builder assistance program to help them assemble the major airframe components and a training program to help them learn to fly their ViperJet once it is complete. Zero Gravity Builders Studio LLC (www.zerogravitybuilders.com) provides builder assistance for the ViperJet MKII, ViperJet LXR and Viper FanJet. Viper Aircraft had sold 21 kits by September 2006.
In 2008, Viper Aircraft announced an enlarged, turbofan-powered follow-on design as the Viper Aircraft FanJet. The company has also proposed a military trainer version of the ViperJet, as well as a UAV version.
Specifications (MKII, preliminary specifications)
Data from White 2006, p.13
- Crew: One pilot
- Capacity: 2 (1 pilot & 1 passenger)
- Length: 25 ft 6 in (7.80 m)
- Wingspan: 27 ft 10 in (8.48 m)
- Empty weight: 3,200 lb (1,452 kg)
- Gross weight: 5,100 lb (2,320 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × General Electric J85, 2,850 lbf (12.7 kN)
- Maximum speed: 437 mph (700 km/h)
- Cruise speed: 391 mph (626 km/h)
- Stall speed: 80 mph (130 km/h)
- Range: 1,500 miles (2,400 km)
- Service ceiling: 45,000 ft (13,715 m)
- Rate of climb: 12,000 ft/min (61 m/s)
- "ViperJet kit aircraft makes maiden flight"
- Bayerl, Robby; Martin Berkemeier; et al: World Directory of Leisure Aviation 2011-12, page 126. WDLA UK, Lancaster UK, 2011. ISSN 1368-485X
- Freeze 2005, p.10C
- Saywers 2006, p.14
- Hitchman 2000, p.44
- Saywers 2006, p.1
- Freeze 2005, p.11C
- Joshi 2007, B6
- White 2006, p.11
- "Debut of the Viperjet MKII – the Next Generation"
- White 2006, p.12
- White 2006, p.13
- Federal Aviation Administration (27 October 2012). "Make / Model Inquiry Results". Retrieved 27 October 2012.
- "Debut of the Viperjet MKII – the Next Generation" (Press release). Viper Aircraft Corporation. 16 June 2005. Retrieved 2009-02-21.
- Freeze, Di (November 2005). "The Path to the Viperjet MkII – The Trickest Jet on the Block". Pacific Northwest Aviation & Business Journal (Airport Journals) 4 (10): 8C–14C.
- Hitchman, Nigel (5–11 September 2000). "Travelling Light". Flight International: 44–46. Retrieved 2009-02-21.
- Joshi, Pratik (21 October 2007). "The right brothers". Tri-City Herald. pp. B5–B6.
- Saywers, Karisa (September 2006). "Local kit plane company provides opportunity for aircraft ownership". Tri-Cities Area Journal of Business 5 (9): 1,14.
- "ViperJet kit aircraft makes maiden flight". Flight International: 32. 10–16 November 1999. Retrieved 2009-02-21.
- White, Diane (February 2006). "The ViperJet MKII". Twin & Turbine: 8–13.
- Homepage of Viper Aircraft Corporation - As of Dec 29th this website is unavailable.
- EAA Chapter 266 Review