Ushakovo, Kaliningrad Oblast
Ushakovo (Russian: Ушако́во; German: Brandenburg (Frisches Haff) or Brandenburg in Ostpreußen; Lithuanian: Pokarviai; Polish: Pokarmin) is a village in the Russian enclave Kaliningrad Oblast. It is situated at the mouth of the Prokhladnaya River (German: Frisching) at the Vistula Lagoon.
The Battle of Pokarwis between pagan Prussians and the Teutonic Knights took place nearby in 1261. The Teutonic Knights founded the village as Brandenburg to honor Otto III, Margrave of Brandenburg who supported the order in the Prussian Crusade, and erected a castle in 1266. It became known as "Brandenburg (Frisches Haff)" and "Brandenburg in Ostpreußen" to differentiate it from Brandenburg an der Havel.
Part of the German state of Prussia until 1945, after World War II Brandenburg was annexed by the Soviet Union, as negotiated after the end of fighting in the European theater at the Potsdam Conference. Its German residents were expelled and replaced with Russians. The village was subsequently renamed Ushakovo.
- Krahe, Friedrich-Wilhelm (2000). Burgen des deutschen Mittelalters. Grundriss-Lexikon (in German). Flechsig. p. 694. ISBN 3-88189-360-1.
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