Urvarak Nagar Barauni
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In January, 1961, Fertilizer Corporation of India Ltd. (FCI) was created out of the merger of Sindri Fertilizers and Chemicals Ltd. and Hindustan Fertilizer and Chemicals Ltd. Between 1961 and 1977, FCI created seventeen fertilizer units. Seven started operating while the remaining ten were at various stages of implementation.
In 1978 the Government of India set up a committee to reorganize its fertilizer industry. Per the committee's recommendation, the government approved the split of FCI and National Fertilizer Ltd. (NFL), into five separate entities. The newly formed Hindustan Fertilizer Corporation Ltd (HFC) took charge of the Namrup, Haldia, Barauni and Durgapur, while FCI were assigned the Sindri, Gorakhpur, Ramagundam, Talcher, Korba units and the Jodhpur Mining Organization. The other units were allocated to Rashtriya Chemicals and Fertilizers Ltd., National Fertilizers Ltd together with a planning and development company, Project and Development (India) Ltd.
The Barauni Unit produces urea under the Brand Name “Moti”. Production was on 1 January 1999 due to ongoing losses and insufficient subsidies.
Most employees were released via Voluntary Separation Scheme (VSS) in 2002–03. The remaining employees were dismissed during 2003–04.
Layout and facilities
The township is gated, with two entrances. It has over 1,500 housing units. Amenities include two shopping complexes, hospital, bank, recreation center, guest houses and parks. A temple, mosque, church and Gurudwara are also in the township.
Sports facilities include badminton, basketball, cricket, shuttle, soccer, tennis and volleyball. The township has two recreation centers, Vinod Kendra and officer’s club.
In the mid-1980s it linked to a cable network.
- Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangatan HFC Barauni (Elementary, Middle & High School)
- DAV Public School (Elementary, Middle & High School)
- KG School (Elementary, Middle)
Kendriya Vidyalaya and DAV Public School are operated by the local administration and respective school committee. KG school closed by 2003.
The company provides transport service to and from the factory and to several local destinations including district city Begusarai.