USS Gem (SP-41)
USS Gem during World War I
|Career (United States)|
|Namesake:||Previous name retained|
|Builder:||George Lawley & Son, Neponset, Massachusetts|
|Acquired:||26 March 1917|
|Commissioned:||1 June 1917|
|Decommissioned:||10 January 1919|
|Fate:||Returned to owner 10 January 1919|
|Notes:||Operated as private yacht Gem 1913-1917 and from 1919|
|Tonnage:||201 gross tons|
|Length:||146 ft 6 in (44.65 m)|
|Beam:||18 ft (5.5 m)|
|Draft:||7 ft (2.1 m)|
|Armament:||2 x 3-pounder guns|
Gem was built in 1913 as a private steam-powered yacht of the same name by George Lawley & Son at Neponset, Massachusetts. The U.S. Navy acquired her under charter from her owner, William Ziegler, Jr., on 26 March 1917 for World War I service. She was commissioned as USS Gem (SP-41) on 1 June 1917 at New York City with Ensign Leroy J. Small, USNRF, in command.
Gem performed harbor entrance patrol at New Haven, Connecticut, until 12 December 1917. She was then assigned to experimental work under the Submarine Defense Association. In this duty, carried out at New York City; New London, Connecticut; Newport, Rhode Island; and New Haven, she experimented with camouflage defense, tested the Bates Automatic Course Indicator, and experimented with various submarine detection devices, including the Sanborn Speed Indicator. She also performed colloidal fuel experiments with pulverized coal at New Haven and New York.
The Navy decommissioned Gem on 10 January 1919 and returned her to her owner the same day.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Department of the Navy: Naval Historical Center: Online Library of Selected Images: U.S. Navy Ships: USS Gem (SP-41), 1917-1919. Originally, and later, the Civilian Steam Yacht Gem (1913)
- NavSource Online: Section Patrol Craft Photo Archive Gem (SP 41)