|— Locality —|
|Municipality||La Vall de Boí|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Taüll (Catalan pronunciation: [təˈuʎ], locally: [taˈuʎ]) is a town in the province of Lleida, in Catalonia, Spain. It is home to the church of Sant Climent de Taüll, an excellent example of Romanesque architecture.
It is situated in the bottom of the Valley of Boí. The engine of its economy is the tourism. In 2005 had 262 inhabitants. To get to Taüll, from the city of Lleida take the N-230 road, that begins in Lleida and finishes in Vielha. The N-230 goes through the village of Pont de Suert. At the end of the village turn right to take the L-500, the main road of the Valley of Boí. Continue on this road after leave behind Barruera until find another fork. Turn to the right at L-501, that takes you to the populations of Boí, Taüll and finishes at the ski station.
In 806 the Count of Tolosa freed the region from the Muslim domination and from the tribute they had to pay. Later, the Valley of Boí was given to the Country of Pallars, dependent on the Church of Urgell.
In 911, after a serious conflict with the Church of Urgell, a bichopric was established which included the countries of Pallars and Ribagorça.
In 949 both countries separated, Ribagorça remained in the new bishopric while Pallars came back again under the Church of Urgell. Further juridic conflicts make both countries join again and until early 12th century the stability didn't reach the region. It was at this time when the region was favored by Alfons I "El Batallador", because the direct participation of region's Lords in his reconquest campaign, becoming improved and gaining wealth. Lord of Erill had the villages of Taüll and Boí under his jurisdiction, and was this period of wealthy what allowed all the rustic churches in the valley to be renewed, being replaced by others of romanesque construction, richly decorated and with outstanding liturgical furniture. The churches of Sant Climent, Sant Martí (destroyed by an avalanche in the seventies) and Santa Maria where constructed in Taüll.
Lords of Erill were a very important barony in the Pirenees. They are known because they planned the construction of the churches in the Valley of Boí. The valley was dominated by the Erills and they had the castle in the nowadays abandoned village of Erillcastell. The name of Taüll means ATA-ULI ("the peak of the village")
Taüll's economy is based on tourism and livestock.
Situated at 1,520 meters height in the valley of Sant Martí, a small valley in the Valley of Boí. The closest river is the Sant Martí river, Noguera de Tor affluent. A ravine splits the village in two districts: La Guinsa and Lo Barri. La Guinsa goes from the entrance of the village to the ravine, and Lo Barri goes from the ravine to the high part of the village.
- Romanesque Church of Sant Climent de Taüll.
- Romanesque church of Santa Maria de Taüll.