SummerSlam is a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event, produced annually in August by professional wrestling promotion WWE. The inaugural SummerSlam took place on August 29, 1988 at Madison Square Garden in New York, New York and was broadcast via pay-per-view, unlike the Royal Rumble of that year which was broadcast as a television special on USA Network. Dubbed as "The Biggest Event of the Summer", the event is considered one of the "Big Four" original pay-per-view events of WWE (along with WrestleMania, Royal Rumble and Survivor Series), and is regarded by WWE as their second biggest event of the year, after WrestleMania.
In the 1980s, Vince McMahon's World Wrestling Federation (WWF)'s main competition in the professional wrestling industry was from Jim Crockett Promotions (JCP). McMahon countered Jim Crockett's successful Starrcade pay-per-view, which began airing in 1983, by making the WrestleMania franchise. After WrestleMania III, the most successful professional wrestling pay-per-view event in history, McMahon made the Survivor Series franchise, which aired the same day as Starrcade '87 in November 1987. After defeating Crockett in the ratings, McMahon made the Royal Rumble, an event airing for free on the USA Network in January 1988, which set a ratings record for the network with eight million households tuning in to watch the event. In retaliation, Crockett made the Clash of the Champions event, which aired simultaneously with WrestleMania IV. WrestleMania IV garnered higher ratings, and not long after, Crockett filed for bankruptcy and sold his company to Ted Turner, who renamed it World Championship Wrestling (WCW).
As the WWF continued to replace its closed circuit programming with pay-per-view programming, Vince McMahon added more pay-per-views to the lineup to capitalize on the success of his previous events. In addition to WrestleMania in March, the Royal Rumble in January, and Survivor Series in November, McMahon made an event for August, which he named SummerSlam. To keep the WWF from having a pay-per-view market monopoly, Turner began airing monthly WCW pay-per-views, and both companies began bringing in hundreds of millions of dollars of revenue. SummerSlam became one of World Wrestling Federation (later World Wrestling Entertainment, and eventually just WWE)'s most successful events and one of the "Big Four" pay-per-views, along with WrestleMania, Survivor Series, and Royal Rumble. Those four events, along with King of the Ring, are known as the "Classic Five".
The first SummerSlam was held on August 29, 1988 in Madison Square Garden in New York City. In 2002, WWE instituted a brand extension,where the roster was split and wrestlers and pay-per-views were made exclusive to the RAW and SmackDown! brands. As a result, SummerSlam, WrestleMania, Royal Rumble, and Survivor Series were the only four events featuring wrestlers and matches from both brands. The 2006 event was the first to also feature the newly made ECW brand. In 2007, however, all pay-per-views began once again featuring talent from all three brands.
Dates and venues
|SummerSlam (1988)||August 29, 1988||New York, New York||Madison Square Garden||Hulk Hogan and Randy Savage vs. Ted DiBiase and André the Giant with special guest referee Jesse Ventura|
|SummerSlam (1989)||August 28, 1989||East Rutherford, New Jersey||Meadowlands Arena||Hulk Hogan and Brutus Beefcake vs. Randy Savage and Zeus|
|SummerSlam (1990)||August 27, 1990||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||The Spectrum||The Ultimate Warrior (c) vs. Rick Rude in a Steel Cage match for the WWF Championship|
|SummerSlam (1991)||August 26, 1991||New York, New York||Madison Square Garden||Wedding of Randy Savage and Miss Elizabeth
Hulk Hogan and The Ultimate Warrior vs. Sgt. Slaughter, Colonel Mustafa, and General Adnan in a 2-on-3 Handicap match with special guest referee Sid Justice
|SummerSlam (1992)||August 29, 1992||London, England||Wembley Stadium||Randy Savage (c) vs. The Ultimate Warrior for the WWF Championship
Bret Hart (c) vs. The British Bulldog for the WWF Intercontinental Championship
|SummerSlam (1993)||August 30, 1993||Auburn Hills, Michigan||The Palace of Auburn Hills||Yokozuna (c) vs. Lex Luger for the WWF Championship|
|SummerSlam (1994)||August 29, 1994||Chicago, Illinois||United Center||Bret Hart (c) vs. Owen Hart in a Steel Cage match for the WWF Championship
The Undertaker vs. "The Undertaker"
|SummerSlam (1995)||August 27, 1995||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania||Pittsburgh Civic Arena||Shawn Michaels (c) vs. Razor Ramon in a Ladder match for the WWF Intercontinental Championship
Diesel (c) vs. King Mabel for the WWF Championship
|SummerSlam (1996)||August 18, 1996||Cleveland, Ohio||Gund Arena||The Undertaker vs. Mankind in a Boiler Room Brawl
Shawn Michaels (c) vs. Vader for the WWF Championship
|SummerSlam (1997)||August 3, 1997||East Rutherford, New Jersey||Continental Airlines Arena||The Undertaker (c) vs. Bret Hart for the WWF Championship with special guest referee Shawn Michaels|
|SummerSlam (1998)||August 30, 1998||New York, New York||Madison Square Garden||The Rock (c) vs. Triple H in a Ladder match for the WWF Intercontinental Championship
Steve Austin (c) vs. The Undertaker for the WWF Championship
|SummerSlam (1999)||August 22, 1999||Minneapolis, Minnesota||Target Center||Steve Austin (c) vs. Mankind vs. Triple H in a Triple Threat match for the WWF Championship with special guest referee Jesse Ventura|
|SummerSlam (2000)||August 27, 2000||Raleigh, North Carolina||Entertainment and Sports Arena||The Rock (c) vs. Kurt Angle vs. Triple H in a Triple Threat match for the WWF Championship|
|SummerSlam (2001)||August 19, 2001||San Jose, California||Compaq Center||Steve Austin (c) (WCW) vs. Kurt Angle (WWF) for the WWF Championship
Booker T (WCW)(c) vs. The Rock (WWF) for the WCW Championship
|SummerSlam (2002)||August 25, 2002||Uniondale, New York||Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum||Shawn Michaels vs. Triple H in a Street Fight
The Rock (c) vs. Brock Lesnar for the WWE Undisputed Championship
|SummerSlam (2003)||August 24, 2003||Phoenix, Arizona||America West Arena||Kurt Angle (c) vs. Brock Lesnar for the WWE Championship
Triple H (c) vs. Chris Jericho vs. Kevin Nash vs. Shawn Michaels vs. Randy Orton vs. Goldberg in an Elimination Chamber match for the World Heavyweight Championship
|SummerSlam (2004)||August 15, 2004||Toronto, Ontario||Air Canada Centre||Kurt Angle vs. Eddie Guerrero
Chris Benoit (c) vs. Randy Orton for the World Heavyweight Championship
|SummerSlam (2005)||August 21, 2005||Washington, D.C.||MCI Center||Hulk Hogan vs. Shawn Michaels|
|SummerSlam (2006)||August 20, 2006||Boston, Massachusetts||TD Banknorth Garden||Edge (c) vs. John Cena for the WWE Championship|
|SummerSlam (2007)||August 26, 2007||East Rutherford, New Jersey||Continental Airlines Arena||John Cena (c) vs. Randy Orton for the WWE Championship|
|SummerSlam (2008)||August 17, 2008||Indianapolis, Indiana||Conseco Fieldhouse||Batista vs. John Cena
The Undertaker vs. Edge in a Hell in a Cell match
|SummerSlam (2009)||August 23, 2009||Los Angeles, California||Staples Center||Jeff Hardy (c) vs. CM Punk in a Tables, Ladders, and Chairs match for the World Heavyweight Championship|
|SummerSlam (2010)||August 15, 2010||Team WWE (John Cena, Daniel Bryan, Edge, Chris Jericho, Bret Hart, R-Truth, and John Morrison) vs. Nexus (Wade Barrett, Justin Gabriel, Heath Slater, David Otunga, Skip Sheffield, Michael Tarver and Darren Young) in a Seven-on-seven elimination tag team match|
|SummerSlam (2011)||August 14, 2011||Christian (c) vs. Randy Orton in a No Holds Barred match for the World Heavyweight Championship
CM Punk (c) vs. John Cena (c) for the Undisputed WWE Championship with special guest referee Triple H
|SummerSlam (2012)||August 19, 2012||CM Punk (c) vs. John Cena vs. Big Show in a Triple Threat match for the WWE Championship
Brock Lesnar vs. Triple H
|SummerSlam (2013)||August 18, 2013||TBA|
DVD box set
- Dee, Louie (2006-05-17). "Let the Party Begin". WWE.com. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
- Assael, Shaun. Sex, Lies, & Headlocks, 94–95.
- "WWE and SummerSlam sizzle in Los Angeles". WWE. August 9, 2010. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- Assael, Shaun. Sex, Lies, & Headlocks, 74–80.
- Keith, Scott (2004). Wrestling's One Ring Circus: The Death of the World Wrestling Federation. Citadel Press. p. 160. ISBN 0-8065-2619-X.
- Hamilton, Ian (2006). Wrestling's Sinking Ship: What Happens to an Industry Without Competition. Lulu.com. p. 160. ISBN 1-4116-1210-8.
- Shields, Brian (4th Edition 2006). Main Event: WWE in the Raging 80s. Pocket Books. p. 166. ISBN 978-1-4165-3257-6.
- "WWE Pay-Per-Views To Follow WrestleMania Formula". WWE. 2007-03-14. Retrieved 2008-05-14.
- Dale Plummer and Nick Tylwalk (2006-08-21). "Flair & Hogan top average SummerSlam". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-05-14.
- "Greatest Moments in Pay-Per-View History". WWE Magazine: 64–65. Special 2007.
- Martin, Adam (2008-11-20). "Reader Notes: Bret Hart, WWE in Elmira, 2009 PPVs". WrestleView. Retrieved 2008-11-21.
- "SummerSlam". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved 2010-03-18.
- Cutting, Devin (2013-01-11). "COMPLETE DETAILS AND LOCATIONS ON ALL 2013 WWE PPV EVENTS". PWInsider. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
- WWE: SummerSlam: The Complete Anthology (DVD). WWE Home Video. 2008.
- "SummerSlam Event History". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
- Shaun Assael and Mike Mooneyham (2002). Sex, Lies, and Headlocks: The Real Story of Vince McMahon and World Wrestling Entertainment. Crown. ISBN 1-4000-5143-6.
- Shields, Brian (4th Edition 2006). Main Event: WWE in the Raging 80s. Pocket Books. ISBN 978-1-4165-3257-6.
- Hamilton, Ian (2006). Wrestling's Sinking Ship: What Happens to an Industry Without Competition. Lulu.com. ISBN 1-4116-1210-8.
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: SummerSlam|