Stato da Màr
The Stato da Màr or Domini da Màr ("State/Domains of the Sea") was the name given to the Republic of Venice's maritime and overseas possessions, including Istria, Dalmatia, Negroponte, the Morea (the "Kingdom of the Morea"), the Aegean islands of the Duchy of the Archipelago, and the islands of Crete (the "Kingdom of Candia") and Cyprus. It was one of the three subdivisions of the Republic's possessions, the other two being the Dogado, i.e. Venice proper, and the Domini di Terraferma in northern Italy.
The creation of the Venice's overseas empire began around 1000 with the conquest of Dalmatia and reached its greatest extent at the conclusion of the Fourth Crusade, with the acquisition of three octaves of the Roman Empire of the East. Later on, under increasing pressure from the Ottoman Empire, many territories were lost and re-organised until, when the Republic fell in 1797, only Istria, Dalmatia, Corfu and the Ionian Islands (Venetian Ionian Islands) were left.
- Da Mosto, Andrea: L'Archivio di Stato di Venezia, Biblioteca d'Arte editrice, Roma, 1937.
- Mutinelli, Fabio: Lessico Veneto, tipografia Giambattista Andreola, Venezia, 1852.
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