St Andrew's Church, Penrith
|St Andrew's Church, Penrith|
Tower of St Andrew's Church, Penrith
|OS grid reference||NY 517 302|
|Website||St Andrew, Penrith|
|Heritage designation||Grade I|
|Designated||24 April 1951|
|Architect(s)||William Etty (?)
(body of church)
|Parish||Penrith Saint Andrew|
|Rector||Revd David Sargent|
|Assistant priest||Revd Colin Sands|
|Reader(s)||Julie Barrett, Hugh Ellison|
George Currie, David May
|Parish administrator||Peter Markey|
St Andrew's Church, Penrith, is located in the town of Penrith, Cumbria, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Penrith, the archdeaconry of Carlisle, and the diocese of Carlisle. Its benefice is united with those of Christ Church, Penrith, St John, Newton Reigny, and St John the Evangelist, Plumpton Wall. The church has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.
The tower dates from the 12th and 13th centuries, the top stage being either added or rebuilt in the 15th century. The rest of the church, together with the west doorway, was rebuilt in 1721–72, when the diagonal buttresses were added to the tower. The 18th-century rebuilding was almost certainly designed by William Etty of York.
The tower is constructed in red sandstone rubble. Its lower part originally served a defensive purpose, being built with thick walls, no buttresses, very small windows, and no entrance. The bell openings are straight-headed with two lights. The west doorway has a Neoclassical surround, including a triangular pediment, a triglyph frieze, and Doric columns. The body of the church is built in red sandstone ashlar. It is in Georgian style, with an eight-bay nave, and a two-bay chancel terminating in a shallow square apse. Along the sides of the church are two tiers of round-arched windows separated by broad pilasters, and at the east end are three windows beneath a large arch. On the south wall of the church is a sundial.
Inside the church are galleries on the north, west, and south sides. These are carried on Tuscan columns, which rise to the ceiling as wooden quasi-Tuscan columns. At the east end of the church are paintings by Jacob Thompson of Penrith dated 1845 depicting the Angel and the Shepherds, and the Agony in the Garden. The communion table dates from 1722, and was lengthened in 1951. The brass chandeliers were given to the church in 1745 by the 2nd Duke of Portland in recognition of the part the town played in the defence against the Young Pretender. The pulpit consists of the top section of a former three—decker. At the back of the gallery are royal arms dated 1723 by Mathias Read. The font consists of a simple octagonal bowl, and is dated 1661. The stained glass in the east window of 11870 is by Hardman, and that in the north aisle, dating from 1889, is by Burlison and Grylls. Elsewhere are windows by Clayton and Bell, Powell's, G.J.Baguley, and by Cox, Sons and Buckley. The monuments include two coffin lids inscribed with foliated crosses, one dating from the 14th century, the other possibly from the 12th century. There are also two worn stone effigies from the 17th century.
The pipe organ was built with three manuals in 1887 by Wilkinson. It was rebuilt with two manuals in 1900 by Jardine, and further rebuilt in 1992 by Rushworth and Dreaper. The ring consists of eight bells. Five of these were cast in 1763 by Lester and Pack at the Whitechapel Bell Foundry, and the other three by John Taylor and Company of Loughborough.
In the churchyard are two monuments, each of which has been scheduled. One is known as the Giant's Grave, and dates from the 10th century. It consists of two Anglo-Saxon cross shafts and four hogbacks, which have been in their present arrangement since at least 1664–65. According to legend, it is the grave of a giant who was once known as the King of All Cumbria, and the hogbacks represent a wild boar he killed in Inglewood Forest. The other, known as the Giant's Thumb, also dates from the 10th century. It consists of a single sandstone Anglo-Saxon cross shaft set on a modern sandstone base, which was erected here in 1887. It has a wheel head, and carving on its sides. Also in the churchyard is a monument dated 1846 to the memory of those who built the Lancaster and Carlisle Railway in Gothic Revival style, listed at Grade II, and a war memorial dated 1919 in the form of a Celtic cross.
- St. Andrew's Church, Penrith, Church of England, retrieved 4 October 2012
- Parish Church of St Andrew, Eden (1145048). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
- Hyde, Matthew; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2010) , Cumbria, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 565–567, ISBN 978-0-300-12663-1
- Cumberland (Cumbria), Penrith, St. Andrew (D01255), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 4 October 2012
- Cumberland (Cumbria), Penrith, St. Andrew (N03587), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 4 October 2012
- Penrith, S Andrew, Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, retrieved 4 October 2012
- The Giant's Grave - Two Anglian cross-shafts and four hogback stones in St Andrew's churchyard, Penrith (1007629). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
- "Penrith Visit Cumbria". Visit Cumbria. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
- The Giant's Thumb - Anglian high cross in St Andrew's churchyard, Penrith (1007630). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
- Monument to railway contractors in St Andrew's churchyard on north side of church, Eden (1145049). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 4 October 2012.