The sum center settlement of Shaamar is divided into two parts, about 8 miles apart. Upper Shaamar is located on a flat part of a hill and lower Shaamar on the banks of the Selenge River. Lower Shaamar has access to the railway station and water from the river.
Shaamar was established as a negdel (agricultural cooperative) during the agricultural movement of the 1930s in Mongolia. Today, the local economy is mainly supported by vegetables, cattle, pork, poultry, and lumber.
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