Saint William's Church, Strasbourg
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (March 2009)|
Saint William's Church (also called Wilhelmskirche in German and église Saint-Guillaume in French) is a gothic church presently of the Lutheran branch of Christianity located in Strasbourg, France. Slightly set back from the intersection of the wharfs of the shipbuilders and the fishermen, the church is striking for its picturesque location on the bank of the Ill river, the lopsided character of its exterior, and its sumptuous interior combining the Gothic and Baroque styles.
History of the Saint William's Church
Returning unharmed from the Crusades, the knight Henri de Müllenheim undertook the construction of a monastery for the Hermits of Saint William, an order of mendicant monks, in this marshy neighbourhood situated extra muros, that is, beyond the city walls. The elongated building, consecrated in 1301 and realised in 1307, is the only remnant of this group. Entirely brick and unvaulted, the church corresponds well to the ideal of the order, namely by its single nave and the simplicity of its exterior form. Sheltered by a pitched roof, its nave is topped and prolonged by a deep polygonal choir illuminated by high windows, which betrays its original function as the monks' meeting room. In 1331, by reason of its proximity to the port and wharfs, the church was chosen as parish by the newly-established corporation of shipbuilders.
The convent falls however, in a less prosperous 15th century, before the reform movement at the end of the century.
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