Saint Elias Mountains
|Saint Elias Mountains|
Mt. Saint Elias
|Elevation||5,959 m (19,551 ft)|
|Length||300 mi (480 km)|
|Width||90 mi (140 km)|
|Area||112,509 km2 (43,440 sq mi)|
|Countries||United States and Canada|
|States/Provinces||Alaska, Yukon and British Columbia|
|Parent range||Pacific Coast Ranges|
|Borders on||Wrangell Mountains|
The Saint Elias Mountains are a subgroup of the Pacific Coast Ranges, located in southeastern Alaska in the United States, southwestern Yukon and the very far northwestern part of British Columbia in Canada. The range spans Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve in the USA and Kluane National Park and Reserve in Canada and includes all of Glacier Bay National Park in Alaska. In Alaska, the range includes parts of the city/borough of Yakutat and the Hoonah-Angoon and Valdez-Cordova census areas.
Although most of the range is non-volcanic, portions at the western end near the Wrangell Mountains are volcanic. This region includes two major stratovolcanoes, Mount Churchill and Mount Bona, the latter being the highest volcano in the United States. West of the Saint Elias Mountains is the still-active Fairweather Fault, which is the northward extension of the Queen Charlotte Fault. The St. Elias range is a result of 10 million years of the North American tectonic plate pushing material up as it overrides the Pacific plate, then the material being worn down by glaciers.
The mountains are divided by the Duke Depression, with the shorter, more rounded Kluane Ranges to the east, and the higher Icefield Ranges to the west. Sub-ranges of the Saint Elias include the Alsek Ranges, the Fairweather Range, and the Centennial Range.
The highest mountains of the range include:
|Mount Logan||5,959||19,551||Yukon||Highest mountain in Canada|
|Mount Saint Elias||5,489||18,008||Alaska-Yukon||Second highest in both Canada and the United States|
|Mount Lucania||5,226||17,147||Yukon||#3 in Canada|
|King Peak||5,173||16,971||Yukon||#4 in Canada|
|Mount Steele||5,073||16,644||Yukon||#5 in Canada|
|Mount Bona||5,005||16,421||Alaska||#5 in the United States|
|Mount Fairweather||4,671||15,325||BC-Alaska||#1 in BC|
- "Saint Elias Mountains". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2007-12-03.
- Glacial Erosion Changes Mountain Responses to Plate Tectonics Newswise, Retrieved on November 17, 2008.
- "Saint Elias Mountains". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- Mount Fairweather is only partly in British Columbia. The highest peak entirely within British Columbia is Mount Waddington in the Coast Range, 4019 m (13186 ft).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Saint Elias Mountains|
- Winkler, Gary R. (2000). A Geologic Guide to Wrangell—Saint Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska: A Tectonic Collage of Northbound Terranes. USGS Professional Paper 1616. ISBN 0-607-92676-7.
- Richter, Donald H.; Cindi C. Preller, Keith A. Labay, and Nora B. Shew (2006). Geologic Map of the Wrangell-Saint Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska. USGS Scientific Investigations Map 2877.
- Wood, Charles A.; Jürgen Kienle, eds. (1990). Volcanoes of North America. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-43811-X.
- "Saint. Elias Mountains". BC Geographical Names. http://apps.gov.bc.ca/pub/bcgnws/names/38092.html.
|This article about a location in the Hoonah-Angoon Census Area, Alaska is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This article about a location in the Valdez-Cordova Census Area, Alaska is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This article about a location in the City and Borough of Yakutat, Alaska is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This article about a Yukon location is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|