SNCF TGV Sud-Est
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
|SNCF TGV "Sud-Est"|
TGV-SE set 101
|Number in service||107 (plus 1 converted to TGV La Poste and 2 testing sets)|
|Formation||10 cars (2 power cars, 8 passenger cars)|
|Fleet numbers||01–37, 39–69, 71–87, 89–102, 110–118|
|Train length||200 m (656 ft)|
|Width||Motor car 2.81 m (9 ft 3 in)
Trailer 2.904 m (9 ft 6.3 in)
|Maximum speed||300 km/h (186 mph)
(originally 260 km/h or 162 mph)
|Weight||385 t (379 long tons; 424 short tons)
|Power output||6,800 kW (9,100 hp) @ 25 kV AC
3,100 kW (4,200 hp) @ 1.5 kV DC
|Electric system(s)||25 kV 50 Hz AC
1500 V DC
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Braking system(s)||Pneumatic and Regenerative|
|Safety system(s)||TVM 300/TVM 430|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The SNCF TGV Sud-Est or TGV-PSE is a French TGV train built by Alstom and operated by SNCF, the French national railway company. It is a semi-permanently coupled electric multiple unit which operates primarily between Paris and the south-east of France.
The TGV Sud-Est fleet was built between 1978 and 1988 and operated the first TGV service from Paris to Lyon in 1981. Currently there are 107 passenger sets operating, of which nine are tri-current (25 kV 50-60 Hz AC - French lignes à grande vitesse, 1500 V DC - French lignes classiques, 15 kV 16⅔ Hz AC - Switzerland) and the rest bi-current (25 kV 50–60 Hz AC, 1500 V DC). There are also seven bi-current half-sets - TGV La Poste - without seats which carry mail for La Poste between Paris and Lyon. These are painted in a distinct yellow livery.
Each set is made up of two power cars and eight carriages (capacity 345 seats), including a powered bogie in each of the carriages adjacent to the power cars. They are 200 m (656 ft) long and 2.904 m (9 ft 6.3 in) wide. They weigh 385 tonnes (379 long tons; 424 short tons) with a power output of 6,450 kW (8,650 hp) under 25 kV.
Originally the sets were built to run at 270 km/h (168 mph) but most were upgraded to 300 km/h (186 mph) during their mid-life refurbishment in preparation for the opening of the LGV Méditerranée. The few sets which still have a maximum speed of 270 km/h (168 mph) operate on routes which have a comparatively short distance on the lignes à grande vitesse, such as those to Switzerland via Dijon. SNCF did not consider it financially worthwhile to upgrade their speed for a marginal reduction in journey time.
In March 2012, set 951 was taken to London to advertise the Euro Carex project.
|Class||No. in Service||Year Built||Operator||Current Units||Notes|
|Series 23000||98||1978–1985||SNCF||01-37, 39-69, 71-87, 89-102||Bicurrent
No. 38 rebuilt as TGV La Poste
No. 70 scrapped 1988
No. 88 rebuilt for TGV Atlantique testing
No. 101 rebuilt for tilt testing