Roosevelt Field (shopping mall)
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (June 2011)|
|Location||East Garden City, New York, U.S.
designed by I. M. Pei
|Management||Simon Property Group|
|Owner||Simon Property Group|
|No. of stores and services||270+|
|No. of anchor tenants||6|
|Total retail floor area||2,189,941 ft² (203,452 m²)|
|No. of floors||2 and a small concourse (JCPenney, Bloomingdale's, and Nordstrom have 3 floors each, with Macy's having 3 floors and a basement)|
Roosevelt Field is a leading American shopping mall. It is the second-largest high-end shopping mall in the state of New York (following only Destiny USA in Syracuse) and eighth in the country as measured by gross leaseable area at 2,189,941 ft² (203,452 m²). It is owned and managed by Simon Property Group. The mall is located in East Garden City, New York, just outside of Garden City, part of the Town of Hempstead on Long Island. The anchors of the 270-store mall are: Bloomingdale's, JCPenney, Macy's, Nordstrom, Dick's Sporting Goods, and Neiman Marcus (expected opening: 2015). Previous anchor stores were Gimbels (succeeded by Stern's), A&S, and Alexander's (succeeded by Bloomingdale's). The original anchor store was Macy's.
The mall is adjacent to the Meadowbrook State Parkway, making it accessible from the Northern State Parkway and Southern State Parkway. It is a major hub of Nassau Inter-County Express, with several bus routes stopping in a terminal area near the southern parking structure.
It was constructed on the site of, and named for, Roosevelt Field, an airport and military airfield where Charles Lindbergh began his historic trans-Atlantic flight. At one time, a plaque at the north end of the mall (in the hall that now connects Dick's and JCPenney) marked the spot where Lindbergh left the ground. Today the plaque is inside the mall, near the Disney Store.
As an airfield, the land served as the take-off site of many famous aviators such as Amelia Earhart and Wiley Post. Charles Lindbergh's solo translatlantic flight took off from Roosevelt Field in 1927. The field was originally named Hazelhurst Field and was renamed in honor of Theodore Roosevelt's son Quentin, who died in World War I. After the airfield was closed in 1951, the site was developed by New York's William Zeckendorf and designed by I.M. Pei.
Ground was broken on the $35 million project in April 1955. The center opened with a single level and was an open-air center. It included F.W. Woolworth 5 & 10 store, Walgreen Drug, Food Fair supermarket, Buster Brown Shoes, a public auditorium, movie theater, and an outdoor ice rink. The original anchor of the mall was a 2-level 343,000 ft² (31,900 m²) Macy's which opened on August 22, 1956.
In 1962, a 250,000 ft² (2,320 m²) Gimbels store opened (today, the structure houses Dick's Sporting Goods and Bloomingdale's Furniture). With the addition, the complex held over 1,000,000 ft² (92,900 m²). A major extension was completed in 1964. Macy's had a 85,000 ft² (7,900 m²) third level added. In 1968, The Century Roosevelt Cinema began operation. At that time, the mall was enclosed.
In 1972, a second major expansion was completed which added a 3-level, 260,000 ft² (24,200 m²) J.C. Penney,which was later completely renovated in 2010, and a 2-level 31,400 ft² (2,900 m²) Alexander's. La Petite Mall, a Tudor-style expansion was built in 1974 that architecturally reinforced the novelty of shopping indoors.
An upper level of stores and food court was established in 1993 after a major renovation which started in 1991. When Alexander's went bankrupt in 1992, Abraham & Straus gutted the building and extensively renovated it, opening in 1992. The Abraham & Straus location at Roosevelt Field only lasted until 1995, when the chain became defunct. The store was slightly renovated, and re-opened as a Bloomingdale's in 1998. The Bloomingdale's store at Roosevelt Field had a major renovation, which was finished by the summer of 2009. The Gimbels anchor was a Stern's between 1987 and 2001.
After Stern's closed, the spot was taken over by Galyan's, which opened in 2003 (later bought out by Dick's Sporting Goods in 2004). Dick's Sporting Goods occupied the eastern section and Bloomingdale's Furniture Gallery, which opened in 2004 and occupies the western half. A new, 3-story Nordstrom and a 2-story wing leading to the new Nordstrom opened in August 1997. Simon Property Group took ownership of the mall when they had acquired Corporate Property Investors in 1998.
In March 2012, it was announced that a new 100,000-square-foot building anchored by luxury department store Neiman Marcus will be added to Roosevelt Field. Estimated to be completed in 2015, this expansion will create room for even more shops leading up to the luxury department store, and will also be accompanied by a new parking structure, according to the mall's owner and developer, Simon Property Group.
This expansion will also feature construction of a new food pavilion with enhanced dining options and outdoor seating that will replace the existing food court. New restaurants including Havana Central, Skinny Pizza, The Capital Grille, and Seasons 52 have since opened as part of the renovation.
The expansion will be privately funded and will not involve any taxpayer money, according to Richard Sokolov, president and chief operating officer of Simon Property Group.
From the 1970s through the end of the 1980s, security at Roosevelt Field was provided by a house security group made up of retired NYPD officers and a contract group of guards hired from K-Security Guard Corp. of Bellmore, NY. The Nassau County Police Department also had a foot post assigned to the mall—Special Post 10 (which is still there today). Security is currently provided by Simon Property Group's security contractor, AlliedBarton.
- Bloomingdale's (270,000 ft²) Opened in 1998 - 3 Floors with small entrance lobby between Basement and Main Levels. The Store has mall access from the Store's Main Level and Upper Level (3 above including the lobby, 1 below
- Bloomingdale's Furniture Gallery - Opened 2004 (2 Floors above ground)
- Dick's Sporting Goods (250,000 ft²) Opened 2004 (2 Floors above ground, with Basement Stockroom)
- JCPenney (260,000 ft²) Opened July 19, 1972 - Major Renovation done from early 2010 to mid-2011 - 3 Floors (2 above, 1 below)
- Macy's (425,000 ft²) Opened 1956 - 4 Floors (3 above, 1 below)
- Nordstrom (225,000 ft²) Opened 1997 (3 Floors above)
- Neiman Marcus (100,000 ft²) Opening 2015
- Gimbels - opened in 1962, store space taken by Stern's in 1987. Part of the store was converted to Galyan's in 2003, then Dick's Sporting Goods in 2004, the rest of the store is a Bloomingdale's Furniture Gallery, and the basement is XSport Fitness
- Alexander's - opened in October 1971, gutted in 1990, Re-opened as Abraham & Straus in 1992, Closed 1995, re-opened as Bloomingdale's in 1998