Yokozuna in October 1995.
|Ring name(s)||Great Kokina
Wild Samoan Kokina
|Billed height||6 ft 4 in (1.93 m)|
|Billed weight||589 lb (267 kg) |
October 2, 1966|
San Francisco, California, United States
|Died||October 23, 2000
Liverpool, England, United Kingdom
|Billed from||Polynesian Island|
|Trained by||Afa Anoa'i|
Rodney Agatupu Anoaʻi (October 2, 1966 – October 23, 2000) was an American professional wrestler. He was best known for his time with the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) where he wrestled under the ring name Yokozuna. The term yokozuna refers to the highest rank in professional sumo wrestling in Japan. Although the "Yokozuna" character was portrayed as a champion sumo wrestler, Anoaʻi had never competed as an actual sumotori. Though Yokozuna wrestled as a representative of Japan, he was of Samoan origin and was accordingly billed as hailing from Polynesia (although he was managed by Mr. Fuji, who would follow Anoaʻi to the ring with a wooden bucket of salt, and waving a Japanese flag).
In the WWF, Anoaʻi was a two-time WWF Champion and two-time Tag Team Champion (with Owen Hart), as well as the winner of the 1993 Royal Rumble. Anoa'i was the first wrestler of Samoan descent to hold the WWF Championship as well as the first Royal Rumble winner who as a result of a direct stipulation received a world title shot at WrestleMania. He defeated WWE Hall of Famers Bret Hart and Hulk Hogan, in consecutive pay-per-view victories at WrestleMania IX and the 1993 King of the Ring, to win his two WWF Championships. He was posthumously inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame in 2012.
American Wrestling Association (1984–1992)
Anoaʻi's career in professional wrestling began as he grew up in a family full of wrestlers, the Anoaʻi family. His uncles were the Wild Samoans, Afa and Sika, who trained him from an early age in the family business. Anoa'i took on the name of the Great Kokina while wrestling overseas in Japan. He also spent some time in Mexico learning the craft and gaining the experience necessary to be a star in the sport. His first major exposure in the United States came in the American Wrestling Association (AWA) as Kokina Maximus. Wrestling as a Samoan superstar, he was managed by Sheik Adnan El Kassey. In storyline, he was responsible for the breaking of Greg Gagne's leg and ending his career.
World Wrestling Federation (1992–1998)
Early push (1992–1993)
In 1992, Anoaʻi was contacted by Vince McMahon of the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) and was offered a new gimmick: Yokozuna. Managed by Harry Fujiwara (Mr. Fuji), Yokozuna debuted on the October 31, 1992 edition of Superstars and was announced as a sumo wrestler competing under the Japanese flag. He made his pay-per-view debut at Survivor Series, easily defeating the much smaller Virgil with his huge weight advantage.
Yokozuna's career soon took off, and he headed into 1993's Royal Rumble, where he was billed as a potential favorite. He eliminated Randy Savage to win the Royal Rumble match, cementing his movement towards main event status. Soon after, Yokozuna was challenged by American patriot "Hacksaw" Jim Duggan, who aimed to be the first man who could knock Yokozuna off his feet (this was taped before Randy Savage knocked down Yokozuna at the Royal Rumble). On the February 6, 1993 airing of Superstars, Duggan succeeded in knocking Yokozuna down, only for Yokozuna to then sneak attack Duggan and crush him with four Banzai Drops, the fourth being with the American flag draped over Duggan. Afterwards, Duggan was suffering (kayfabe) from internal bleeding.
WWF Champion (1993–1994)
At WrestleMania IX, Yokozuna wrestled against Bret Hart for the WWF Championship. Hart had the match won with Yokozuna about to submit to the Sharpshooter, when Mr. Fuji threw salt into the champion's face. Blinded, Hart was then pinned by Yokozuna, who won the WWF Championship. As he and Mr. Fuji celebrated, Hulk Hogan came to the ring to help Hart and was challenged by Mr Fuji to take on the champion for his newly won crown. After Fuji accidentally threw salt in Yokozuna's eyes, Hogan came through with the win and captured his fifth WWF title. At King of the Ring 1993, Yokozuna, whose weight had already increased from 500 lb (230 kg) to 580 lb (260 kg), challenged Hogan for the title. Hogan seemed to have the match won, but a photographer, planted at ringside among a legit Japanese wrestling press group, shot a blast of fire into Hogan's face. This allowed Yokozuna to take Hogan out with a leg drop and reclaim the WWF Championship, after which Yokozuna proceeded to hit Hogan with the Banzai Drop in the corner.
Soon after, Hogan left the WWF to pursue other interests, which left Yokozuna and Fuji to claim that they had ended "Hulkamania" (to wit, that would be Hogan's last appearance in the WWF for nine years). To celebrate, he held a "Bodyslam Competition" aboard the USS Intrepid, a decommissioned aircraft carrier, on Independence Day. Many wrestlers and athletes alike tried to slam Yokozuna, with no success. As Yokozuna thought that there would be no one left to challenge him, Lex Luger flew in by helicopter, stepped forward, and slammed him on the deck. It was claimed by announcer Bobby Heenan that the move pulled by Luger was a hip toss rather than a bodyslam as Yokozuna was running at Luger when he slammed him, but the slam was ruled legitimate. This made Luger the next major challenger to Yokozuna's title reign.
At SummerSlam, Yokozuna and the newly-reborn patriot Luger fought it out for the WWF Championship. Luger took control late in the match, scoring on Yokozuna with a bodyslam and flying forearm. Luger had metal plates put into his arm following an injury from a motorcycle accident, making it a formidable weapon (it was stipulated that Luger had to wear a protective pad over it, but it was torn off in the course of the match) and Yokozuna was knocked out of the ring, unconscious, and lost via countout. The title did not change hands, but the match's result made it seem like Luger had a chance against his gigantic foe. The contract Luger had signed for the match, as orchestrated by Yokozuna's new spokesman and advisor Jim Cornette, stated that if he did not win the championship, he would not get another shot at the title. Yokozuna and Luger continued to feud until Survivor Series, where each chose a team of allies for an elimination match. The match was billed as an All-Americans (Lex Luger, The Undertaker and Steiner Brothers) vs. Foreign Fanatics (Yokozuna, Quebecer Jacques, Ludvig Borga and Crush) contest.
Yokozuna's next challenger was The Undertaker. The two first squared off against each other as parts of their respective teams at Survivor Series. Prior to the match starting, the two stood nose-to-nose as a tease to the crowd as to the possibility of those two facing each other. The Undertaker, however, was not tagged into the match until after it was just him and Luger on the American Team. When the Undertaker entered, he beat down on Ludvig Borga but was knocked down by Yokozuna. Yokozuna then gave the Undertaker a Banzai Drop, but the Undertaker sat up when Yokozuna went for a second Banzai Drop. The two then brawled outside, where Yokozuna seemed to be completely over-matched. They were both eliminated by double countout.
Eventually, Yokozuna was forced to accept a Casket match with the Undertaker. The match occurred at Royal Rumble, where all the odds looked to be in the Undertaker's favor. However, after a lengthy match, Mr. Fuji called out the troops, bringing a dozen heel wrestlers out to aid Yokozuna in attacking the Undertaker. After a lot of struggle (as well as damaging the Undertaker's "magic" urn), the group managed to shove the Undertaker into the casket, giving the win to Yokozuna. As they celebrated afterwards, however, a mysterious figure appeared on the Titantron, looking like the Undertaker inside the casket. He opened his eyes and said the Undertaker would not rest in peace; he then disappeared in a smoke and light show, rising to the top of the Titantron and seemingly levitating all the way to the arena ceiling. He then vanished. This storyline was used to allow the Undertaker to rest for several months to recover from lingering real-life injuries.
In the 1994 Royal Rumble match, the last two competitors, Lex Luger and Bret Hart, fought and eliminated each other simultaneously. Since the winner of the Royal Rumble was to become the number one contender to Yokozuna's title, it was decided that both wrestlers would get a shot at the title at WrestleMania X. By virtue of winning a coin toss, Luger got to wrestle Yokozuna first at the event. The winner of that match would go on to face Bret Hart later in the evening with the title on the line. To obviate the risk of outside interference, both title matches were scheduled to have special guest referees. Mr. Perfect was the special guest referee for the Luger/Yokozuna bout. Luger seemed to have the match well in hand and had knocked out Yokozuna with a running forearm smash in the middle of the ring. He also knocked out Mr. Fuji and Jim Cornette, who tried to enter the ring. However when Luger went for the pin, Perfect occupied himself with the unconscious Fuji and Cornette who were still lying on the ring apron. When Luger got angry and pushed Mr. Perfect, he was disqualified, thus making Yokozuna the first villainous champion to successfully defend the WWF Championship at a WrestleMania.
Later in the night, Yokozuna defended the championship again, this time against the former champion Bret "Hitman" Hart, who had lost earlier in the night to his brother Owen Hart. For this match, Roddy Piper was the special referee. When Cornette tried to interfere to break a pinfall, Piper decked him. At the end of the match, Yokozuna seemed ready to hit his finishing maneuver, the Banzai Drop, when he lost his balance and took a fall from the ropes. Hart got the pinfall victory, finally taking the title away from the long-running champion who reigned for 280 days. Afterwards on television, Cornette would blame the fall on a concussion suffered from Luger's forearm plate.
Tag team competition and The Undertaker's return (1994)
Yokozuna began tagging briefly with Crush, another Mr. Fuji charge. In May 1994, on a Monday Night Raw episode, Yokozuna was challenged by Earthquake to an actual sumo match. On May 16, 1994, Earthquake beat Yokozuna in the only (worked) sumo match until WrestleMania 21, between The Big Show and an actual yokozuna, Akebono. At King of the Ring 1994, Yokozuna and Crush failed to win the WWF Tag Team Championship from The Headshrinkers (Samu and Fatu).
Yokozuna then had to deal with the "rebirth" of the Undertaker, who immediately came after the foe who had taken him out of action. The two met in another casket match at the Survivor Series, this time with actor/karate expert Chuck Norris as the special enforcer to keep the other heel wrestlers away from ringside. Without their help (although Irwin R. Schyster did successfully interfere on Yokozuna's behalf), Yokozuna could not win and eventually ended up locked inside the casket. Yokozuna continued to wrestle briefly before taking some time off to increase his already huge weight advantage.
Teaming with Owen Hart (1995)
In April 1995, Owen Hart began promising that he would have a great tag-team partner to face off against The Smoking Gunns (Billy and Bart) at WrestleMania XI for the WWF World Tag Team Championship. At the event, Yokozuna was revealed as his partner, and the team managed to defeat the Gunns and win the WWF World Tag Team Championship. Following the match, Jim Cornette stated, "Michael Jordan's back and so is Yokozuna" (a reference to Jordan's first NBA return). The two would remain a team for several months, defending against teams like the Allied Powers (Lex Luger and Davey Boy Smith), the Smoking Gunns, and others.
At In Your House 3 on September 24, 1995, Yokozuna teamed up with Davey Boy Smith to take on Shawn Michaels and Diesel (the back story being that Hart was with his wife as she gave birth to one of their children) with Diesel's WWF Championship, Shawn Michaels' Intercontinental Championship and Hart and Yokozuna's Tag Team Championship on the line. During the match, Hart came to the ring, only to be pinned by Diesel. The next day, due to protests from the team and the legal help of Clarence Mason, President Gorilla Monsoon reluctantly returned the belts to Yokozuna and Hart, since Hart was not an official part of the match. Their second reign was shorter, as the Smoking Gunns defeated them that night for the belts.
Change in attitude and departure (1996–1998)
By 1996, Yokozuna was visibly gaining weight and continuously getting heavier, and at over 650 pounds, this would become a point of major concern in the ring as to his limited ability to perform on a high professional level due to his worsening physical condition. Many wrestlers refused to wrestle him based on his enormous weight and his inability to move properly. Also, Yokozuna's stamina was weakening and he was no longer able to wrestle long singles matches. As a result, Yokozuna had little continued success in 1996. He competed in the 1996 Royal Rumble match, managing to eliminate Bob Backlund, King Mabel, and Swat Team member #2 before being tossed out by Shawn Michaels, the eventual winner. Although Cornette had tried to make peace between him and new acquisition Vader, many observers felt Yokozuna was being relegated. After several run-ins, Yokozuna left Cornette and began a short stint as a fan favorite. He spoke English to the fans, had Mr. Fuji wave an American flag during his matches, and challenged Vader to numerous matches. It was during this feud that Yokozuna teamed up with Ahmed Johnson and Jake Roberts in a six-man tag-team match at WrestleMania XII, facing off with Vader, Owen Hart and British Bulldog. The feud took a painful turn a couple weeks later, when Vader jumped on Yokozuna's leg, (kayfabe) breaking it. The splash was shown on television as a leg break, in reality it was performed to allow Yokozuna to take some time off to lose weight. However, instead of a stretcher, a real forklift had to be brought to carry Yokozuna out on that edition of RAW. It was the only way to move a man of Yokozuna's size.
Yokozuna returned at In Your House 8: Beware of Dog to wrestle Vader. During the event, a severe thunderstorm in the area caused the pay-per-view broadcast feed to black out. In one of the matches not broadcast, Yokozuna defeated Vader. The event was rescheduled two days later, in which the matches that were previously blacked-out took place again. In the rematch, Vader defeated Yokozuna. He appeared at Free for All just before SummerSlam, facing off against Stone Cold Steve Austin. Yokozuna took the advantage near the end of the match, but when he went for the Banzai Drop, the rope broke under his weight, sending him crashing back down. Austin attained the victory.
The next night on Raw, Yokozuna faced WWF Champion Shawn Michaels in a non-title match, seemingly turning heel again as Jim Cornette claimed he had Yokozuna "back in the fold". Despite using his big size, Yokozuna lost the match to Michaels. He would appear at one more WWF pay-per-view, still going after Vader at the 1996 Survivor Series, but that match ended with all remaining wrestlers being disqualified. For a second time, Yokozuna went to his home in Los Angeles to lose weight through exercise and dieting.
Yokozuna stayed on the WWF roster for a while afterwards, as he slowly worked to lose the weight that he had put on. Despite dropping a reported 100 lb (45 kg), he still could not lose enough to satisfy the WWF officials. He was not medically cleared to wrestle in some states because of his size and the resulting physical condition. He was unable to pass a physical required for professional wrestlers by the New York State Athletic Commission and was eventually released from the WWF in 1998, although rumors persisted that he would be brought back if he dropped to 400 pounds.
Independent circuit (1999–2000)
After his WWF career ended, he performed for various independent promotions. The last major appearance for Yokozuna was at October 1999's Heroes of Wrestling pay-per-view. At an estimated 760 pounds, he had not only gained the weight that he had lost but admitted he was intentionally getting bigger with a goal weight between 850 and 900 pounds, so that he would go down as the largest wrestler in size to ever compete on a professional level. At the pay-per-view event, Yokozuna was scheduled to take on King Kong Bundy in one of the event's two featured matches. However, Jake Roberts, who was scheduled to face Jim Neidhart in the other main event match, came to the ring for his match intoxicated and in no condition to wrestle. The promoters made a last minute change and ordered Yokozuna to team with Roberts against Bundy and Neidhart, and Yokozuna's team lost.
Anoaʻi was a member of the Anoa'i wrestling family: The Rock, Roman Reigns, Rikishi, Samu, Rosey, Manu and Umaga were among his cousins, and Afa and Sika were his uncles. He had two children, Justin and Keilani.[not in citation given]
On October 23, 2000, Anoaʻi died from pulmonary edema in his room at the Moat House Hotel in Liverpool, England while on an independent wrestling tour in Europe. At the time, it was widely reported that he died of heart failure or a heart attack, but this was later found to be incorrect due to his lungs showing severe signs of blockage due to fluid. Anoa'i's weight at the time of his death was 580 lb (260 kg).
On March 21, 2012, it was announced that Yokozuna would be inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame. On March 31, 2012, Yokozuna was inducted into the WWE Hall Of Fame by Jimmy and Jey Uso and Rikishi. The posthumous induction was accepted on his behalf by his two children.
- Signature moves
- Back elbow
- Belly to back suplex
- Body avalanche
- Front powerslam
- Lifting side slam Sometime used as a Finisher
- Raking the opponent's back
- Running hip attack
- Running leg drop, Sometime used as a Finisher
- Samoan drop
- Savate kick
- Shoulder clawhold
- Side belly to belly suplex Sometime used as a Finisher
- Throat thrust
- Vertical splash
- Entrance themes
- "Sumo" by Jim Johnston (WWF; 1992–1996)
Championships and accomplishments
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- Universal Wrestling Association
- "Yokozuna Bio". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2007-06-28.
- "Yokozuna Bio". Accelerator 3359. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "Yokozuna's WWE Alumni Profile". WWE. Retrieved 2007-06-28.
- WWE Daily » Blog Archive » Rodney Anoa’i- Yokozuna
- "WWE Championship history". WWE. Retrieved 2008-04-19.
- "World Tag Team Championship (WWE) history". WWE. Retrieved 2008-04-19.
- "1993 Royal Rumble match". WWE. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "Survivor Series 1992 official results". WWE. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "1993 WWF results". The History of WWE. Retrieved 2012-04-06. "WWF @ San Antonio, TX - Freeman Coliseum - January 5, 1993; WWF Superstars taping; 2/6/93 - Jim Duggan defeated Yokozuna (w/ Mr. Fuji) in a contest in which Duggan had to knock Yoko to the mat to win; after the contest, Yoko attacked Duggan, hit three Bonzai Drops, laid the American flag over Duggan, and hit a fourth; moments later, Duggan was taken backstage on a stretcher as he began to cough up blood"
- "WrestleMania IX main event". WWE. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "Yokozuna's first WWE Championship reign". WWE. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "King of the Ring 1993 results". p.w.w. Retrieved 2008-01-12.[dead link]
- "Yokozuna's second WWE Championship reign". WWE. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "Yokozuna Bodyslam Challenge results". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "SummerSlam 1993 main event". Accelerator 3359. Archived from the original on 2007-12-22. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "Survivor Series 1993 main event". WWE. Archived from the original on 2007-12-21. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "Royal Rumble 1994 official results". WWE. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "1994 Royal Rumble match". WWE. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- McAvennie, Mike. "Dis-Owen-ed". WWE. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "WrestleMania 10 main event". WWE. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "Monday Night RAW results 1994". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "WrestleMania 21 official results". WWE. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "King of the Ring 1994 results". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "Survivor Series 1994 main event". WWE. Archived from the original on 2007-12-21. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "WrestleMania XI official results". WWE. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "Owen Hart and Yokozuna's first World Tag Team Championship reign". WWE. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "WWE WrestleMania XI (1995)". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2008-09-27.
- "In Your House 2 results". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "In Your House 1 results". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "In Your House 3 results". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "Owen Hart and Yokozuna's second World Tag Team Championship reign". WWE. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "Monday Night RAW results 1995". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "1996 Royal Rumble match". WWE. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "WrestleMania XII official results". WWE. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "WWF Beware of Dog results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2011-05-27.
- "WWF Beware of Dog 2 results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2011-05-27.
- "SummerSlam 1996 results". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- August 19, 1996 RAW - Shawn Michaels vs. Yokozuna. WWE. Retrieved on 2008-04-19
- "Survivor Series 1996 official results". WWE. Archived from the original on 2007-12-11. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "Anoa'i died October 23, 2000 - According to his gravestone". Findagrave.com. 2006-07-17. Retrieved 2012-05-14.
- "Third time charm for Bischoff?" MikeMooneyham.com "A coroner has attributed fluid in the lungs as the reason for the death of former WWF champ Yokozuna (Rodney Anoia) last October while the 750-pound Yoko was on tour in Liverpool, England. It originally had been reported that he died of heart failure."
- The Sun newspaper, Wednesday, October 25, 2000
- "The Best of WWE Hall of Famer Yokozuna". WWE. Retrieved 2012-03-21.
- "The Sure Thing Review: Undertaker - He Buries Them Alive". 411Mania. Retrieved 2012-01-12.
- "UWA World Trios Championship history".
- WWE alumni profile
- Rodney Anoa'i's grave
- WWE SmackDown Spoilers for Friday 03.23.2012 – Road to WrestleMania 28