Ordinarily all ballot papers in an election are printed the same, with the candidates' names in a set order. The order can be determined by lot, by alphabetical order or if two or more candidates "consent" to be grouped as a team, the grouping or party may specify the order of their names. However, this can give an advantage to the candidates listed highest on the ballot paper, because they will attract a 'donkey vote'.
Using the Robson Rotation the number of distinct permutations of candidates names used on the ballot papers is increased, and eliminates any advantage given to a candidate by donkey voters. To achieve this, a number of designs of ballot paper are printed, and amounts of each design are randomly distributed. This system was first introduced in Tasmania in 1979 by Neil Robson, a Liberal MHA for Bass. It was first used in practice in the 1980 by-election for the seat of Denison.
- Tasmanian Parliamentary Library - House of Assembly Elections
- ACT Electoral Commission - Ballot Papers for the Legislative Assembly
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