Regional Council of Lombardy
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Politics and government of
The political system of the Regions of Italy was changed in 1995, when a semi-presidential system was introduced. If until that year the Council was elected under a pure proportional system and the President of Lombardy was chosen and dismissed by the Council, since 1995 the President and the Council are jointly elected by the people.
The Regional Council of Lombardy is composed of 80 members. 64 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 16 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 40 seats with PR, as happened during the 2000 election, only 8 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 72. If the winning coalition receives less than 50% of votes, as happened during the 1995 election, special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.
The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent prevision introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.
The Council choses its speaker, called President of the Council (Presidente del Consiglio).
The current Council fell on Friday October 26, 2012 with the resignation of 41 councillors.
|Presidents of the Regional Council of Lombardy|
|Gino Colombo||DC||6 July 1970 – 24 July 1975||I Legislature|
|Sergio Marvelli||PSI||24 July 1975 – 20 April 1978||II Legislature|
|Carlo Smuraglia||PCI||20 April 1978 – 24 July 1980||II Legislature|
|Sergio Marvelli||PSI||24 July 1980 – 6 October 1983||III Legislature|
|Renzo Peruzzotti||PSI||6 October 1983 – 18 June 1985||III Legislature|
|Ugo Finetti||PSI||18 June 1985 – 5 August 1985||IV Legislature|
|Fabio Semenza||PRI||5 August 1985 – 27 June 1990||IV Legislature|
|Gian Pietro Borghini||PCI||27 June 1990 – 12 February 1992||V Legislature|
|Claudio Bonfanti||PSI||12 February 1992 – 9 December 1992||V Legislature|
|Francesco Zaccaria||PSI||9 December 1992 – 19 June 1995||V Legislature|
|Giancarlo Morandi||FI||19 June 1995 – 12 June 2000||VI Legislature|
|Attilio Fontana||LN||12 June 2000 – 6 July 2005||VII Legislature|
|Ettore Albertoni||LN||6 July 2005 – 15 July 2008||VIII Legislature|
|Giulio De Capitani||LN||15 July 2008 – 11 May 2010||VIII Legislature|
|Davide Boni||LN||11 May 2010 - 17 April 2012||IX Legislature|
|Fabrizio Cecchetti||LN||17 April 2012 - 26 October 2012||IX Legislature|
Source: Regional Council of Lombardy
|Candidates||Regional lists||Provincial lists||Total|
|Roberto Formigoni||2,704,364||56.1||8||The People of Freedom||1,355,133||31.8||-3.1||23||29||49|
|Lega Lombarda–Lega Nord||1,117,227||26.2||+10.4||18||20|
|Filippo Penati||1,603,666||33.3||1||Democratic Party||976,111||22.9||-4.2||21||22||28|
|Italy of Values||267,954||6.3||+4.9||4||4|
|Left Ecology Freedom||59,112||1.4||new||1||1|
|Federation of the Greens||35,060||0.8||-2.1||-|
|Italian Socialist Party||13,415||0.3||-0.5||-|
|Savino Pezzotta||225,849||4.7||-||Union of the Centre||164,078||3.8||0||3||3||3|
|Vito Crimi||144,585||3.0||-||Five Star Movement||99,390||2.3||new||-|
|Vittorio Agnoletto||113,754||2.4||-||Federation of the Left||87,220||2.0||-3.7||-|
|Gianmario Invernizzi||27,670||0.6||-||New Force||11,281||0.3||-2.2||-|
|Total candidates||4,819,587||100.0||9||Total parties||4,263,025||100.0||=||71||80||80|
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