Reflective array antenna
In telecommunication and radar, a reflective array antenna is a class of directive antennas in which multiple driven elements are mounted in front of a flat surface designed to reflect the radio waves in a desired direction. They are often used in the VHF frequency band, and these versions often resemble a highway billboard, so they are sometimes called "billboard antennas". The curtain array is a larger version used by shortwave radio stations.
Reflective array antennas usually have a number of identical driven elements, fed in phase, in front of a flat, electrically large reflecting surface to produce a unidirectional beam, increasing antenna gain and reducing radiation in unwanted directions. The reflector may be a metal sheet or more commonly a wire screen. A metal screen reflects radio waves as well as a solid metal sheet as long as the holes in the screen are smaller than about one-tenth of a wavelength, so screens are often used to reduce weight and wind loads on the antenna. The individual elements are most commonly half wave dipoles, although they sometimes contain parasitic elements as well as driven elements.
- Huang, john. Reflectarray antennas.
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