In set theory, a mathematical discipline, a reflecting cardinal is a cardinal number κ for which there is a normal ideal I on κ such that for every X∈I+, the set of α∈κ for which X reflects at α is in I+. (A stationary subset S of κ is said to reflect at α<κ if S∩α is stationary in α.) Reflecting cardinals were introduced by (Mekler & Shelah 1989).
Every weakly compact cardinal is a reflecting cardinal, and is also a limit of reflecting cardinals. Every reflecting cardinal is a greatly Mahlo cardinal, and is also a limit of greatly Mahlo cardinals, where a cardinal κ is called greatly Mahlo if it is κ+-Mahlo.
- Jech, Thomas (2003), Set Theory, Springer Monographs in Mathematics (third millennium ed.), Berlin, New York: Springer-Verlag, p. 697, ISBN 978-3-540-44085-7
- Mekler, Alan H.; Shelah, Saharon (1989), "The consistency strength of ``every stationary set reflects", Israel Journal of Mathematics 67 (3): 353–366, doi:10.1007/BF02764953, ISSN 0021-2172, MR1029909
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