Ralph Anderson (architect)
Ralph D. Anderson (October 21, 1924 – October 24, 2010) was an architect, based in Seattle, Washington, USA. He was a founder of Ralph Anderson and Partners, later Anderson Koch Smith. Although much of his work is modernist, he is also strongly associated with preservationism. In that latter respect, he was an early and important contributor (including as an investor) in the restoration of Seattle's Pioneer Square neighborhood and also participated in restoration projects along First Avenue in the Pike Place Market Historical District in the 1970s.
Anderson graduated from the University of Washington Architecture School in his native Seattle in 1951 and received his Washington State architectural license in 1954. He worked several years for architect Paul H. Kirk before opening his own practice. His early work, including his own first home at Hidden Lake, constituted what he later called his "modernist glass-box phase". Having discovered how difficult it was to heat such a house he moved on to what he called a "Northwest design style. "I tried to use a lot of wood, and I tried to work with the contours, textures and vegetation of the Northwest, the wooded environment. Quite often I would have big, hovering roofs that would open up to the view." The style was also characterized by "broad windows", "exposed framing", "an emphasis on verticality" and often "a formal T-shape plan." Many of these houses were set to take advantage of views of water or mountains. He styled himself "the poor man's Roland Terry."
After about a decade of building houses mainly in Seattle's eastside suburbs Mercer Island and Bellevue, Anderson opened an office at 108 S. Jackson in Pioneer Square, then known as Skid Road. It was a derelict neighborhood, and there was little concern for the mostly turn-of-the century buildings: people bought and sold land considering the old buildings relatively incidental. Along with Richard White, later of Foster/White Gallery, Anderson was among the first to see the possibilities of the neighborhood. He mortgaged his house to buy the Union Trust Building from Sam Israel and moved his office there. It may be the only building Israel ever sold. His renovation of the Union Trust Building and later of the Grand Central Hotel buildings contributed flagship buildings to what is once again a vibrant district.
The breadth of Anderson's work can be seen in the Pike-Market neighborhood. Within the Pike Place Market Historical District he was involved in the joint remodel of the historic Smith Block, Butterworth Building, and Alaska Trade Building and the nearby Fairmount Hotel in 1977. Four years later, he was one of the architects of Marketplace North, the modernist "stepped wedge" immediately north of the Historical District north between Western and First Avenues, north of Virginia Street. Among the tenants of the remodeled Smith / Butterworth / Alaska Trade buildings is the Seattle chapter of the American Institute of Architects.
Anderson has rehabilitated numerous old Seattle buildings besides those mentioned above, including the 1977 remodel of the American Can Company Building into the Seattle International Trade Center. Restoration projects elsewhere in the state around that same time included the Fort Worden Commander House in Port Townsend) and the Company Store in Port Gamble.
Among the prominent Seattle architects who worked for Anderson at some point in their careers are George Suyama, David Fukui, Jim Olson, Jerry Stickney, Ron Murphy and Gordon Walker. T. William Booth and Robert Koch joined Anderson's partnership in 1980, and Glen Duarte in 1985.
Partial list of buildings
Restoration and rehabilitation
- Capitol Brewing / Jackson Building (1963, Pioneer Square, Seattle)
- Union Trust Building (1965, Pioneer Square, Seattle)
- Grand Central Hotel, also known as a Squire-Latimer Building, now officially Grand Central on the Park (1971/1972, Pioneer Square, Seattle)
- Fisher Studio Building (1974, Downtown Seattle)
- Pioneer Building (1970–1975, Pioneer Square, Seattle)
- Smith Block, Butterworth Building, and Alaska Trade Building (1977, Pike Place Market Historical District, Seattle)
- Fort Worden Commander House (1976, Port Townsend, Washington; also known as "Commandant's House")
- Company Store (Port Gamble, Washington)
- Fairmount Hotel (1977, Pike Place Market Historical District, Seattle)
- American Can Company Building (1976–1977, Belltown / Central Waterfront, Seattle.) This was the conversion to turn this building into the Seattle International Trade Center. It was later refitted again in 1999 as the headquarters of RealNetworks.
- Dr. Tucker House (1957)
- Jans House (1959)
- McNair House (1961)
- Several buildings at the University of Washington Friday Harbor Laboratories (1962–1967), San Juan Island 
- Miller House (c. 1963)
- Strom House (1965)
- Fisheries Center Addition at the University of Washington (1968, Seattle)
- Grey Gull Hotel (1969, Ocean Shores, Washington)
- Ambaum Medical & Dental Clinic (1965, Seattle)
- Pifer House (1970, Queen Anne Hill)
- Williams House (1970, Evergreen Point, Medina, Washington)
- Runion House (1972)
- Bellefield Office Park (1972, Bellevue)
- Lamphere House (1973, West Seattle)
- Middleton, Berner & Wood Medical Building (1974, Bellevue)
- Seattle Trust Court (1977, Seattle)
- Marketplace North (1981, Belltown / Pike-Market, Seattle; with Bumgardner Partnership)
- North Capitol Hill Homes (North & South) (1996, Brace Point Partnership)
- Anderson, Ralph D., Docomomo WEWA (Documentation and Conservation of the Modern Movement, Western Washington). Accessed online 30 October 2008.
- Dean Stahl, Taking the Long View, Seattle Times Pacific Northwest Magazine, July 29, 2007. Accessed online 29 October 2008.
- Crowley Dorpat 1999, p. 88.
- Woodbridge & Montgomery 1980, p. 109.
- Ralph Anderson, Seattle Homes and Lifestyles. Accessed online 29 October 2008.
- Elenga 2007, p. 181
- Elenga 2007, p. 35
- Elenga 2007, p. 32
- Elenga 2007, p. 31 says 1972.
- Woodbridge & Montgomery 1980, p. 114 says 1971.
- http://web1.seattle.gov/dpd/historicalsite/QueryResult.aspx?ID=1459704432, Seattle Department of Neighborhoods. Accessed online 30 October 2008.
- Elenga 2007, p. 21
- Woodbridge & Montgomery 1980, p. 113.
- Elenga 2007, pp. 155–6
- Woodbridge & Montgomery 1980, p. 303.
- Woodbridge & Montgomery 1980, pp. 294–295.
- Elenga 2007, p. 154
- Woodbridge & Montgomery 1980, p. 133.
- Woodbridge & Montgomery 1980, p. 343.
- Woodbridge & Montgomery 1980, p. 197.
- Woodbridge & Montgomery 1980, p. 246.
- Woodbridge & Montgomery 1980, p. 193.
- Woodbridge & Montgomery 1980, p. 245.
- Woodbridge & Montgomery 1980, p. 122.
- Crowley, Walt; Dorpat, Paul (1998), National Trust Guide Seattle, New York: National Trust for Historic Preservation in the United States / John Wiley & Sons, Inc., ISBN 0471180440.
- Elenga, Maureen R. (2007), Seattle Architecture, Seattle: Seattle Architecture Foundation, ISBN 9780615141299.
- Woodbridge, Sally B.; Montgomery, Roger (1980), A Guide to Architecture in Washington State, University of Washington Press, ISBN 0295957794.