Quintela de Azurara
|Quintela de Azurara|
|Civil Parish (Freguesia)|
|Official name: Freguesia de Quintela de Azurara|
|Center||Quintela de Azurara|
|Area||9.85 km2 (4 sq mi)|
|- location||Rua Castelo Branco, Quintela de Azurara, Mangualde|
|President Junta||Manuel Duarte Almeida Domingos|
|- summer (DST)||WEST (UTC+1)|
|ISO 3166-2 code||PT-|
|Postal Zone||3530-334 Quintela de Azurara|
|Area Code & Prefix||(+351) 232 XX XX XX|
|Patron Saint||São João Batista|
|Parish Address||Rua Castelo Branco 1
3530-334 Quintela de Azurara
|Wikimedia Commons: Quintela de Azurara|
|Statistics: Instituto Nacional de Estatística|
|Geographic detail from CAOP (2010) produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)|
Archaeological remnants found in the parish indicate that settlement in the area extends back to the proto-historic cultures of the castro peoples. Many of the castro fortifications were used by the 13th century are defensible posts, including the Castle of Zurara. The mountain top, situated between Mangualde and Quintela de Azurara, is crowned by a small hermitage, known as Nossa Senhora do Castelo. This "castle" was the seat of the judicial authority of Zurara, and encompassed Quintela. Roman claims to this region include the old bridge, constructed of a single arch, but dating to the 17th century.
The toponymy for the parish is from a Germanic origin, and alludes to an old medieval institution, the Quintana (in this case Quintela is the diminutive derived from quitanella), an appendage of the remote Manoaldu(s) (origin of the centre of Mangualde). Ecclesiastically, Quintela was part of São Julião, whose abbey, Martim Gonçalves, was arrested by King Sancho II, for unknown reasons. After his imprisonment, the monarch partitioned the church and curia to the other parishes of Mangualde, including Quintela, to Mem Euniges (deacon of Coimbra), later to Afonso Mendes, and much later, to Salvador Peres, Sancho II's confessor.
Quintela was a possession of Pedro Álvares Cabral, the famous navigator.
In 1758, from the writings of Father José Leão de Cabral Teixeira (abbey at Quintela), the residents of the parish paid 33000 réis to the old House of the Cabrals, nobles of Belmonte. This sum was distributed annually by the inhabitants of the comarca according to each family's possessions. At this time the parish included the locality of Canelas and, despite corresponding to the dominion of the Church of São João de Zurara, the 1258 Inqueries, Quintela was not even a parish, although the church was called São João da Quintela.
Within its borders is a stannery, named Porto, in addition to several granite quarries: apart from agriculture, the quarrying industries are activities that support the local economy.
- Bridge of Quintela de Azurara (Portuguese: Ponte em Quintela de Azurara), originally assumed to be of Roman origin, the 17th-century bridge is constructed of a single arch;
- Residence of Quintela (Portuguese: Casa de Quintela), it base was a medieval building located on the present site, but its current form was established in the 16th century (although it was reconstructed in the 18th century);
- Mills of Coval (Portuguese: Moínhos de Coval), many windmills exist in the municipality of Mangualde, that constitute an important industrial patrimony; in the settlement of Coval, just four mills, remain of a zone that had tens of mills supporting the local economy. These structures, constructed of granite, with aqueducts to transport water from the local countryside, dotted the landscape to as late as the middle of the 20th century: today, all are in ruin;
- INE, ed. (2010), Censos 2011 - Resultadas Preliminares [2011 Census - Preliminary Results] (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, retrieved 1 January 2012
- IGP, ed. (2010), Carta Administrativa Oficial de Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Geográfico Português, retrieved 1 July 2011
- Câmara Municipal, ed. (2011), História (in Portuguese), Câmara Municipal de Mangualde, retrieved 14 February 2013
- Figueiredo, Paula (2002), in SIPA, Ponte em Quintela de Azurara (PT021806140066) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 14 February 2012
- Matias, Cecília; Carvalho, João (2000), in SIPA, Casa da Quintela, incluindo o conjunto rural e o jardim (PT021806140029) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 14 February 2012
- Basto, Sónia (2012), in SIPA, Moínhos do Coval (PT021806140144) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 14 February 2012
- Leite, Sílvia (7 August 2010). In IGESPAR. "Moinhos do Coval" (in Portuguese). Lisbon, Portugal: IGESPAR-Instituto de Gestão do Património Arquitectónico e Arqueológico. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
- Figueiredo, Paula (2002), in SIPA, Igreja Matriz de Quintela de Azurara/Igreja de São João Baptista (PT02180614006) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 14 February 2012
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