Polish legislative election, 1952
Parliamentary elections were held in Poland on 26 October 1952. They were the first elections to the Sejm, the parliament of the People's Republic of Poland, and second in Communist Poland. The official rules for the elections were outlined in the new Constitution of the People's Republic of Poland and lesser acts.
The elections, as all others held under the communist regime in Poland, were not free and were falsified, again a common occurrence of that time. Along with the Polish legislative election of 1947 they are considered the least free of the elections in Poland, an occurrence common during the era of Stalinization when the communist government tried to tighten its control over society as much as possible. The opposition was persecuted, including through arrests and torture, and not allowed to run in the elections. Candidates were vetted by the Communist party organization, the Front of National Unity, and the number of candidates permitted to run in the elections was equal to the number of seats in parliament.
|Front of National Unity||Polish United Workers' Party||15,459,849||99.8||273|
|United People's Party||90|
|Source: Nohlen & Stöver|
The official results showed that 99.8% of the Communist party's candidates were successful. Candidates from the FJN parties took 91.2% of the Sejm, with 8.7% falling to the nominal "independents." PZPR, with 273 seats (64.2% total), achieved its best result ever, both in total number of seats and percentage of the Sejm controlled. However, as the other parties and "independents" were in fact subordinate to PZPR, its control of the Sejm was, in fact, total. Sham elections would continue until 1989.
The term of the Sejm elected in 1951 was due to finish in 1956, but due to political shifts in Poland, the next elections took place in early 1957 in a more liberal atmosphere, although still not free.
- Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1491 ISBN 9783832956097
- (Polish) Bartłomiej Kozłowski, Wybory styczniowe do Sejmu 1957 Last accessed on 5 April 2007
- Norman Davies (May 2005). God's Playground: 1795 to the present. Columbia University Press. p. 459. ISBN 978-0-231-12819-3. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
- Andrzej Paczkowski; Jane Cave (2003). The spring will be ours: Poland and the Poles from occupation to freedom. Penn State Press. p. 229. ISBN 978-0-271-02308-3. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
- Jerzy Drygalski, Jacek Kwasniewski, No-Choice Elections, Soviet Studies, Vol. 42, No. 2 (Apr., 1990), pp. 295–315, JSTOR
- George Sakwa, Martin Crouch, Sejm Elections in Communist Poland: An Overview and a Reappraisal, British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 8, No. 4 (Oct., 1978), pp. 403–424,