||This article may contain original research. (November 2007)|
|— Comune —|
|Comune di Pescaglia|
|Frazioni||Vetriano, Piegaio, San Rocco in Turrite, Pascoso, Convalle, Gello, Celle dei Puccini, Villa A Roggio, Colognora, Fiano, San Martino in Freddana, Monsagrati, Cerreto|
|• Mayor||Lando Balsassari|
|• Total||70.4 km2 (27.2 sq mi)|
|Elevation||504 m (1,654 ft)|
|Population (Dec. 2004)|
|• Density||53/km2 ( 140/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
The name Pescaglia is thought by some to derive from the Latin word ‘Pascualia’ meaning pastureland, and by others from the verb ‘pescare’ meaning to fish. Both relate to the abundant natural resources of the territory.
While mention of Piscalia or Pascualia exist from Roman times the first specific record of the town is thought to be in documents relative to the ownership of property by the church of San Pietro in Rome dated around the 9th century.
After this documents reveal that large parts of the comune were owned by the feudalist Rolandinghi of Longobard origin. These were succeeded by the Antelminellis during the period when Pisa dominated Lucca..
Recorded control of the town and territory was achieved by Lucca in 1272 to protect their boundaries from the . Instruction to flatten the original castle was recorded in the Statute of 1308 in order to destroy any remaining feudalists. It is questionable if this order was carried out but is recorded that in 1584 the architect Vincenzo Civitali was given instructions to rebuild the castle. Pescaglia remained within control of Lucca from that period to today growing in size and importance.
Pescaglia, the town, is found in the geographical centre of the comune and valley of the Pedogna. It is broken into three distinct urban units, Castello del Poggio or simply il Poggio, Piazzanello and Villabuona. Batoni is a hamlet within the comune.
Travel within the territory is by road. Each of the three valleys, the Pedogna, the Freddana and the Turrite are served by main roads along the bottom the valley that link to the SS12 which runs from Lucca to Modena. In recent years the improvements to key roads joining the valleys has greatly improved communication across the valleys.
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- Magi, Giovanni (1987). La Toscana paese per paese. Bonechi.