Percival C. Pope
|Percival C. Pope|
Percival C. Pope
February 28, 1841|
|Died||January 22, 1922
|Place of burial||Cedar Grove Cemetery, Dorchester, Massachusetts|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1861 - 1905|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War
Spanish American War
Philippine American War
|Awards||Marine Corps Brevet Medal|
Percival Clarence Pope (February 28, 1841-January 22, 1922) was an American officer who served in the United States Marine Corps during the American Civil War. He received the Marine Corps Brevet Medal for bravery.
When the American Civil War started in 1861 he was only 21 but accepted an appointment in the United States Navy, on board the steam-sloop USS Richmond, which was commanded by his father. While aboard the Richmond, he and the other members of the crew participated in engagements from October 12–13, 1861 while on blockade duty at the Passes of the Mississippi River.
He accepted a commission in the Marine Corps in 1861 and served continuously for 44 years, retiring as a Colonel in 1905 although he was promoted to Brigadier General on the retired list. Although two Marine Corps officers were awarded the Brevet Medal during the Civil War, Pope is the only one to receive it because the other recipient, James Forney, died before it could be presented. During the inaugural parade for President William McKinley, Pope commanded a Marine Regiment.
A complete set of Pope's awards, including his Brevet Medal, are on display at the Navy Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C. His Brevet Medal is the only known original Marine Corps Brevet Medal on public display.
Marine Corps Brevet Medal citation
- The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Marine Corps Brevet Medal to Percival Clarence Pope, Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for gallant and meritorious service in the night attack upon Fort Sumter, on 2 March 1861, appointed Captain, by brevet, to rank from 8 September 1863.
- The Secretary of the Navy takes pleasure in transmitting to First Lieutenant Percival Clarence Pope, United States Marine Corps, the Brevet Medal which is awarded in accordance with Marine Corps Order No. 26 (1921), for gallant and meritorious service while serving aboard the U.S.S. POWHATAN during the night attack upon Fort Sumter, on 2 March 1861. On 8 September 1863 First Lieutenant Pope is appointed Captain, by brevet, to rank from 8 September 1863.
- John E. Lelle SgtMaj. USMC (Ret) (1988). The Brevet Medal. Quest Publishing Co. pp. 66–69. ISBN 0-915779-02-1.
- Robert Pendleton. "A Brief Biography of Senior Major Percival Clarence Pope, U.S.M.C.". The Spanish American War Centennial Website. Retrieved July 27, 2009.
- "Hall of Valor". Percival Pope. Military Times. Retrieved July 26, 2009.
- "Marine Corps Brevet Medal". Home of Heroes Website. Retrieved July 26, 2009.
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.