Pella (regional unit)
|— Regional unit —|
|• Vice Governor||Theodoros Theodoridis|
|• Total||2,506 km2 (968 sq mi)|
|• Density||56/km2 ( 140/sq mi)|
|Postal codes||58x xx|
|ISO 3166 code||GR-59|
Pella (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Πέλλας) is one of the regional units of Greece, in the geographic region of Macedonia. It is part of the Region of Central Macedonia. It is named after the ancient city of Pella, the capital of ancient Macedonia and the birthplace of Alexander the Great. The capital of Pella is Edessa.
The regional unit Pella is subdivided into 4 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):
Pella was created as a prefecture out of the then-gigantic Thessaloniki Prefecture in 1930. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Pella was created out of the former prefecture Pella (Greek: Νομός Πέλλας). The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.
|New municipality||Old municipalities||Seat|
|Provinces of Pella Prefecture||Seat (if different)|
|Province of Almopia||Aridaia|
|Province of Edessa|
|Province of Giannitsa|
Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.
The mountains lie to the north and the southwest especially the Vermio mountains, the Voras mountains to the northwest and the Paiko mountains to the northeast. The southernmost portion is flat and in the ancient times, it was a gulf connected with the Aegean Sea, the elevation does not succeed about 5 to 10 m (16 to 33 ft) above sea level. Pella is bounded by the prefectures of Kilkis to the northeast, Thessaloniki to the east, Imathia to the south, Kozani to the southwest, by Lake Vegoritida to the southwest, and by Florina to the west. On the north, it is bounded by the national border between Greece and the Republic of Macedonia. On the other side of the frontier, the district of Brod lies to the northwest and Gevgelija to the northeast. Its famous attraction are the ancient Pella and Edessa including its small waterfall.
In antiquity, the area around the modern Pella regional unit was part of the Kingdom of Macedon. It later became part of the Roman Empire and later the Byzantine and the Ottoman Empires. Following approximately 500 years of Turkish rule, it joined Greece in 1913, following the Balkan Wars.
The southern part of the regional unit has many orchards. Agriculture once represented its main industry, today, manufacturing, services and other businesses dominates about 70% of its industry.
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