|• Total||121.7 km2 (47.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||618 m (2,028 ft)|
|• Density||13.7/km2 (35/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Art and Monuments
The Convento de Nuestra Señora de la Concepción is a mudéjar building the year 500 b.c. In the eighteenth century was added the bell-gable, in 1942, after the restoration of the damage arising as a result of the Spanish Civil War, a new altarpiece, and in 1956, the neo-baroque well of the cloister cistern.
Founded in 1524 at the request of neighbors, it has its origin in a place for the faithful women, where they gathered to pray to the late fifteenth century next to the Chapel of Santa Maria del Castillo. Beaterio that in 1524, was founded as a convent, at the request of the village citizens, by the nuns of Santa Clara de la Columna de Belalcazar, after acceptance of the constitution and rules of order, sent to the Convent of the Conception of Toledo, being borne the costs of constructing the new building by the residents, especially Simon Ruiz and Antón Garcia.
This engagement and collaboration remains throughout its history, community living individual donations after the secularization of Mendizabal in the nineteenth and serving as a refuge in the revolutionary events of the civil war.
The building, its location in the historic center, near the parish church and the Hermitage of Santa María del Castillo, whose environment has been developed and expanded the population presents a major urban settings, resulting in the naming and creation of several streets.
The building, according to the usual patterns of late medieval foundations, had to stand up without a previous project, but were built as the growing need of the community. Of the original stays, now ruined and abandoned, are identified, the meter, refectory, kitchens, stairs, cloister of the cistern, yards, gardens and cemetery.
The main entrance of the convent is done through cover that opens directly onto the street Francisco Botello and connects to the compass. It is made with blocks of granite and consists of a geminate inverted arch, with thread cutting molding and keystones, is aligned with and supports arch panels on flat pilasters. The compass is a rectangular space that opens, on the north side, a gallery with six arches on granite piers with tapered capitals. This gallery is open two portals, also of granite, the first settled by a simple arch and the second through an arc between frames framed for a múdejar alfiz.In front of this porch is the entrance to the temple.
The church and convent are communicated through a large room divided longitudinally by a semicircular arch double banked on a column of granite. It continues in the form of L to the next level, situated at a lower level through three steps. This space, known by the name of 'runners' and ends in the' room of the ladder, "from which the well enters the cloister, refectory, kitchen, staircase and upper floor units. The start of the ladder is via a segmental arch built with granite blocks. The staircase is two sections at right angles with the central plateau and paneled roof deck, the steps are of granite in one piece.
The refectory is rectangular, is punctuated by three elliptical arches in diaphragm of granite as is common in many mountain building. Connects directly to the kitchen area, pantry, pot, herb garden and cloister of the cistern.
The Cloister of the Cistern is a large irregular space landscaped with fruit trees (pomegranate, lemon, etc.)., Trees and aromatic shrubs, including thickets and laurel and ornamental plants such as roses, is bounded to the SW through the cemetery, by two small pens and longitudinal body by a two-story gallery with arches arches diluted with Mudejar arch panels, where the former cells were located. In this cloister there is a well curb dated 1956 Neo-Baroque style.
To the west is developed for large space before the old garden is a space currently segmented in two by a low wall that separates the modern building of the cloister, built in the twentieth century by poor housing conditions of the old convent .
The church, located transversely with respect to the outside, is called the drawer, single-deck ship with simple pair and knuckle armor, and presbytery on scallops covered with a dome decorated with paintings alluding to Christ's Passion and Compassion Mary. At the foot is the choir, choir divided into low and high. The choir under trapezoidal floor is covered with simple wood paneled ceiling in the center reinforced by a column of wrought iron, through it can access the convent premises. The choir loft, which is below the deck of the ship, connected directly with the body of the former cells. The connection to the street is done via the front opening in the wall of the Epistle, consisting of a sober vain lintels of granite blocks.
El Salvador ( Iglesia) Its construction is Catholic Monarchs, the stones of the Castle advantage previously demolished. Its clear structure can be seen Mudejar.It has three naves and can be classified among the religious monuments of the thirteenth century and fourteenth centuries, whose construction began after completion of the Reconquista by Fernando III.The head of the temple was built in the fifteenth century and was decorated with paintings of this era that can still be seen behind the Baroque altar. An original coffered ceiling in good condition, covers the central nave was made in the fifteenth century, all multicolored and beautiful execution. Striking is the small coffered ceiling over the Baptistery.
Renaissance Tower Pedroche Tower national monument since 1979, is located on the highest part of town, next to the parish and Our Lady of the Castle. It is one of the most beautiful and graceful in Spain.
Using materials of the castle began construction of the tower, probably in 1520. From the second body, in 1544, the architect Hernán Ruiz II took over management of the works, which he held until 1558. Architect known for transforming the minaret tower of the mosque in Cordoba and the Giralda bell tower. Juan de Ochoa finished the work by placing the barrel in 1588, apparently on the master designs. The toweris composed four bodies, reachinga height of 56 meters. The first homer, the second octagonal bell tower is the third or square and the latter is cylindrical.
Ermita de la Virgen de Piedrasantas It is located some kilometers of town and keep the Pedroche patron, the Piedrasantas Virgin. Built in the sixteenth century baroque stand it added in the eighteenth century. Inside are kept seven wooden benches with the names of the seven villages of Pedroches, whose representatives are gathered here to discuss issues common to the villas.