Oxon Hill, Maryland
|— Census-designated place —|
|Country||United States of America|
|• Total||17.2 km2 (6.6 sq mi)|
|• Land||17.1 km2 (6.6 sq mi)|
|• Water||0.03 km2 (0.01 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,000/km2 ( 2,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID|
Oxon Hill is an unincorporated area and census-designated place (CDP) in southern Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. Oxon Hill is a suburb of Washington, D.C., located southeast of the downtown district and east of Alexandria, Virginia. It is adjacent to the new 300-acre (120 ha) National Harbor development on the shore of the Potomac River.
For the 1990 and 2000 censuses, United States Census Bureau defined a census-designated place consisting of Oxon Hill and the adjacent community of Glassmanor, designated Oxon Hill-Glassmanor, for statistical purposes. As of the 2010 census Oxon Hill was delineated separately and had a population of 17,722.
Oxon Hill is located in Prince George's County, Maryland along Maryland Route 210 (Indian Head Highway) and Maryland Route 414 (Oxon Hill Road), less than 2 miles (3 km) south of the boundary of Washington, D.C. The CDP lies directly south of the Capital Beltway (I-495/I-95) just east of the Woodrow Wilson Bridge over the Potomac River.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the total area of Oxon Hill is 6.6 square miles (17.2 km2), of which 6.6 square miles (17.1 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2), or 0.20%, is water.
Oxon Hill was named for the colonial 18th century manor home of Thomas Addison (which burned in 1895 but was replaced in 1929 by a large 49-room neo-Georgian-style home called Oxon Hill Manor, standing on a bluff over the Potomac River). The current Manor is now owned by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission and is used for cultural activities, as well as being rented for weddings and special events (it reopened in Oct. 2007 after repairs). "Oxon" is an abbreviation for the Latin Oxoniensis, meaning "of Oxford." The area now known as Oxon Hill reminded Addison of the area near Oxford, England. The Revolutionary patriot John Hanson died while visiting the first Manor, and may be buried there in an unmarked grave.
Today the community is bisected by the busy Capital Beltway (I-95/495), and is near the interstate Woodrow Wilson Bridge. The enlarged bridge was opened December 15, 2008, and highway interchanges and ramps near the bridge were also re-aligned and re-configured. Prior to that date, traffic backed up into Oxon Hill daily for decades as 250,000-300,000 vehicles crossed the Wilson Bridge. (Thousands of white-collar commuters working in Northern Virginia's booming economy find that housing is cheaper in Prince George's County, Maryland.)
Oxon Hill includes many garden apartment and townhouse communities along with single-family detached homes built mostly between the 1940s when suburban development began, through the early 1990s (except for the newer National Harbour condominiums), including the incorporated town Forest Heights. In earlier decades, many residents were scientists from the adjacent U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Air Force personnel, or musicians in military bands, but very few are now, as today such professionals prefer newer and more upscale communities. Oxon Hill's two principal shopping centers ("Rivertowne", built about 1985 which includes a K-Mart, Safeway, Staples, Old Navy and Home Depot, and "Eastover", built about 1955) attract neighborhood customers as well as shoppers from nearby Southeast Washington, D.C. Eastover, located at the D.C./state line, is a hub of many bus routes, some of them operating 24 hours a day, and has a Prince George's County Police station. The apartment communities closest to the D.C. line are informally called by their original name "Glassmanor", although rental companies have officially given them newer names. Rather unusual community features are a nursing home and a large cultural center, both operated for an ethnic Filipino population who are numerous in Oxon Hill and Fort Washington. A Walmart is scheduled to open in 2013.
Until about 1960, the community used the mailing address Washington, D.C., before getting its own postal designation. About 1980, the United States Postal Service detached the two-thirds of greater Oxon Hill that was furthest from Washington, D.C. and re-defined that part as a new postal designation, Fort Washington, MD. To make mail sorting easier at that time, the new postal boundary line separating the two Maryland communities was drawn along already existing zip code boundaries. (The former zip 20021 portion of Oxon Hill remained Oxon Hill with the new code 20745, while everything in the former zip 20022 portion of Oxon Hill about 1980 was automatically renamed the new Fort Washington 20744.) Illogically, this partitioning re-assigned some areas that seem to be almost in the heart of Oxon Hill (such as all of the Bock Road, Tucker Road, Murray Hills, and Brinkley Road areas, including several large prominent churches, Rosecroft Raceway, the ice rink, and ironically even Oxon Hill Middle School) to Fort Washington mailing addresses, which can cause confusion.
Oxon Hill has many schools, including the very large Oxon Hill High School, part of the Prince George's County public school system; the school has a magnet science and technology program; it is being completely replaced by a new facility scheduled to open in August 2013. Other students attend Potomac, Friendly, or Crossland high schools. Another magnet school in Oxon Hill is the K-8 John Hanson French Immersion School whose mission is to ensure that all students acquire knowledge and skills, through speaking, reading and writing the French language. The French Immersion school is also attached to the John Hanson Montessori School which upholds the teaching ideals of Italian educator Maria Montessori. Both are located in the former John Hanson Junior High School building, which is next door to the main Oxon Hill post office.
The town has a very large, modern public library, completely remodeled in 2005, part of the Prince George's public library system. Originally built in 1967, the Oxon Hill Library Branch contains the Sojourner Truth Room, an African American research collection. This comprehensive collection of reference materials on African American history and culture includes over 16,000 cataloged items (many are rare or out-of-print), periodicals, sheet music by African American composers, pictures and posters. Vertical files contain pamphlets, clippings and bibliographies. Copies of selected materials are also in the Oxon Hill Branch's circulating collection. An extensive collection of current and historical periodicals, including the NAACP's Crisis from 1910, the Journal of Negro History from 1916 and Ebony from 1945.
The collection includes original editions of some slave narratives, as well as many reprint editions and the thirty-one volume Writer's Project series. Other topics are antislavery and slavery tracts, literary criticism, and the history of African Americans in Maryland and Prince George's County.
Rosecroft Raceway (founded in 1949) and Henson Creek Golf Course are among Oxon Hill's recreational attractions, although in 2008 Rosecroft ended live harness horse racing and now only offers betting on televised simulcast races (per article in Washington Post, May 20, 2010). (The Maryland slot machine referendum in November 2008 did not include Rosecroft in its list of possible sites to add slots.) Rosecroft Raceway closed June 19, 2010.
The Parks Commission's 1974 Tucker Road ice skating rink, at the Tucker Road Athletic Complex, was enclosed and expanded to year-round use in 2005; across from it is the Tucker Road Community Center and nearby is a private club swimming pool, the Oxon Hill Recreation Club (OHRC). OHRC has been in continuous operation since 1958. A 37,000 square foot gymnasium and recreation and learning center (Tech Rec Center) is scheduled to open in 2013, on Bock Road. The Henson Creek paved hiker-biker trail extends 5.5 miles (8.9 km) along a stream. Oxon Cove Farm (formerly Oxon Hill Children's Farm) is a free of charge, educational facility operated daily for families by the National Park Service. Its future is uncertain because it is located in the shadow of National Harbor. The farm also has a bicycle trail used by a few commuters to nearby government facilities. General public indoor and outdoor swimming pools are also on Allentown Road near Padgett's Corner.
Oxon Hill is the entryway to National Harbor, a major development on the Potomac River: a 7,300,000-square-foot (680,000 m2) mixed-use community including 2,500 residential units, 4,000 hotel rooms, a convention center, 1,000,000 square feet (93,000 m2) of retail, dining, and entertainment, and 500,000 square feet (46,000 m2) of class-"A" office space, along with the largest marina on the Potomac River and the largest hotel in the entire Washington area. The first phase of the development began opening in April 2008.
- Dr. John Bayne, 19th century founder of the University of Maryland, superintendent of county schools, Union Army physician, and one of the first Americans to grow and eat a tomato, proving they were not poisonous as had been thought. His home, "Salubria", across from National Harbor, was recently demolished, and the Tanger Outlets shops will be built on the property.[dubious ]
- Singer Eva Cassidy, who rose to prominence in the United Kingdom before an untimely death in 1996 at age 33 from cancer.
- Roger L. Easton, Naval scientist, the chief inventor of GPS and winner of a 2004 Presidential National Medal of Technology, lived on Oxon Hill Road (more information is on "Google images").
- Actress Taraji P. Henson, who was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress in 2009, attended Oxon Hill High School.
- G. Gordon Liddy, former FBI Bureau chief, lawyer, Richard Nixon's White House Staff Assistant, key Watergate figure, author, and nationally syndicated radio talk show host.
- U.S. Senator George McGovern, Democratic presidential candidate, and family lived briefly in Glassmanor while a freshman U.S. congressman.
- Sammy Nestico, distinguished band music composer/arranger, lived in Birchwood City in the 1960s.
- Arnie Sachs (1928–2006), photojournalist. He took a famous photo of teenager Bill Clinton shaking hands with President John F. Kennedy
- Sumner Welles, U.S. Undersecretary of State to Franklin D. Roosevelt, lived in the second "Oxon Hill Manor" home and hosted Roosevelt and possibly Sir Winston Churchill there. The home was later occupied by Fred Maloof (a wealthy oilman, timberland tycoon, and art collector) before coming into ownership of the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Oxon Hill, Maryland
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Oxon Hill CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 23, 2011.
- "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
- Not enumerated separately in 1990 & 2000. Community combined with Glassmanor to form Oxon Hill-Glassmanor for 1990 and 2000 censuses.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Oxon Hill CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 23, 2011.
- Nathania A. Branch Miles and Jane Taylor Thomas (2006). Oxon Hill. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-4255-5. Retrieved 2007-07-31.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- http://www.gazette-net/stores/022208/prinnew173253_32375.shtml[dead link]
- Lindsey Robbins. "Wal-Mart slated for Oxon Hill in 2013". Gazette.Net. Post-Newsweek Media, Inc./Gazette.Netdate= 9 June 2011. Retrieved 20 December 2011.
- "Sojourner Truth Room". Prince George's County Memorial Library System. June 24, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-03.
- Rosecroft Raceway Official Notice of Closure
- National Harbor lands Tanger Outlet Center
- People Magazine
- G. Gordon Liddy Biography
- ? (February 1983), ? (?), Washingtonian Magazine, p. 105
- Bernstein, Adam (November 7, 2006). "News Photographer Arnie Sachs; Took Pictures of 11 Presidents". The Washington Post. p. B07. Retrieved 2008-04-14.