Order of the Sacred Treasure
|Order of the Sacred Treasure
|Star of the Order of the Sacred Treasure|
|Awarded by the Emperor of Japan|
|Awarded for||long and/or meritorious civil or military service|
|Sovereign||His Imperial Majesty The Emperor|
|Grades (w/ post-nominals)||1st through 6th Class|
|Established||January 4, 1888|
|Next (higher)||Order of the Rising Sun|
|Next (lower)||Order of Culture|
|Ribbon of the Order of the Sacred Treasure – new type|
The Order of the Sacred Treasure (瑞宝章 Zuihō-shō ) is a Japanese Order, established on January 4, 1888 by Emperor Meiji of Japan as the Order of Meiji. Originally awarded in eight classes (from 8th to 1st, in ascending order of importance), since 2003 it has been awarded in six classes, the lowest two medals being abolished that year. It is awarded to those who have made distinguished achievements in research fields, business industries, healthcare, social work, state/local government fields or the improvement of life for handicapped/impaired persons.
Originally a male-only decoration, the order has been made available to women since 1919; it is awarded for both civil and military merit, though of a lesser degree than that required for the conferment of the Order of the Rising Sun. Unlike its European counterparts, the order may be conferred posthumously.
The Order can be awarded in any of six classes. Conventionally, a diploma is prepared to accompany the insignia of the order, and in some rare instances, the personal signature of the emperor will have been added. As an illustration of the wording of the text, a translation of a representative 1929 diploma says:
- "By the grace of Heaven, Emperor of Japan, seated on the throne occupied by the same dynasty from time immemorial,
- We confer the Second Class of the Imperial Order of Meiji upon Henry Waters Taft, a citizen of the United States of America and a director of the Japan Society of New York, and invest him with the insignia of the same class of the Order of the Double Rays of the Rising Sun, in expression of the good will which we entertain towards him.
The insignia of the order incorporates symbols for the three imperial treasures: the Yata Mirror, so sacred that not even the Emperor is allowed to look at it; the Yasakani Jewel, which is made of the finest jade; and the Emperor's personal Sword.
The star for the Grand Cordon and Second Class is similar to the badge as described above, but effectively with two sets of Maltese crosses, one in gilt and one placed diagonally in silver. It is worn on the left chest by the Grand Cordon, on the right chest (without any other insignia) by the 2nd class.
The badge for the first through sixth classes is a Maltese cross, in gilt (1st-4th classes), gilt and silver (5th class) and silver (6th class), with white enameled rays (representing the sword). The central disc is blue, bearing an eight-pointed silver star (representing the mirror), surrounded by a wreath with red-enameled dots (representing the jewel). The badge is suspended on a ribbon in light blue with a gold stripe near the border, worn as a sash on the right shoulder by the Grand Cordon, as a necklet by males of the 2nd and 3rd classes, on the left chest (the ribbon folded into a triangle) by the 4th to 6th classes (with a rosette for the 4th class). For females of the 2nd to 6th classes, the ribbon is a bow worn on the left shoulder (with a rosette for the 4th class).
Until 2003, when it was abolished, the badge of the seventh and eighth classes was an eight-pointed silver medal, partially gilded for the 7th class, with representations of just the mirror and the jewel. The badge is suspended on a white ribbon with a gold stripe near the border, worn by men on the left chest (the ribbon folded into a triangle). For women, the ribbon is a bow worn on the left shoulder.
Until 2003, the ribbon of the order was white with with two gold stripes near the borders; since then the ribbon has been light blue, but retains two gold stripes near the borders. The ribbon for the Fourth Class and above incorporates a blue-and-gold rosette (silver until 2003), with a solid gold bar for the Grand Cordon, a gold and silver bar for the Second Class, a solid silver bar for the Third Class and only the rosette for the Fourth Class. The ribbon for the Fifth and Sixth Classes has a centered blue disc (silver until 2003) with gold rays radiating from its center, eight rays for the Fifth Class and six rays for the Sixth Class. Formerly, the ribbon for the Seventh and Eighth Classes had a centered silver disc with gold rays radiating from its center, four rays for the Seventh Class and three rays for the Eighth Class.
|Ribbons of the Order of the Sacred Treasure|
|Second Class, Gold and Silver Star|
|Third Class, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon|
|Fourth Class, Gold Rays with Rosette|
|Fifth Class, Gold and Silver Rays|
|Sixth Class, Silver Rays|
|Seventh Class, Medal (abolished 2003)|
|Eighth Class, Medal (abolished 2003)|
|General ribbon of the order|
After the 2003 reform
In 2003 the lowest two classes of the Order were abolished. Moreover, the badges of the Order will from now on be suspended from three white-enamelled paulownia leaves (not chrysanthemum leaves as the Decoration Bureau page claims).
1st class, Grand Cordon
2nd class, Gold and Silver Star
3rd class, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon
4th class, Gold Rays with Rosette
5th class, Gold and Silver Rays
6th class, Silver Rays
- Chozaburo Kusumoto, 1906
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- Honour awarded 1917 -- The London Gazette: . October 30, 1917. Retrieved 2008-02-01.
- "Fellowship to Recognise Contribution to Language Teaching and Learning," Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research (CILT). 27 March 2002; retrieved 2011-06-19
- Honor awarded 1967 and 1990 -- "Sir Julian Ridsdale: Conservative MP for Harwich for almost 40 years who was also a notable expert on Japan and the Japanese way of life," Times (London). July 23, 2004.
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- Honor awarded 1960 -- L'Harmattan.
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- "Joseph Juran: American pioneer of quality control who wrote the definitive manual and helped create Japan's postwar economic miracle". The Times (London). March 6, 2008.
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- Honor awarded 1983 -- Bulletin of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, p.5
- "L'Ordre du Trésor Sacré (The Order of the Sacred Treasure)". L'Harmattan (in French). Retrieved 2009-04-22. "Order with gold and silver star"
- Chubu Regional Construction Bureau, Ministry of Construction, Kiso River Lower Reaches Works Office. The Father of the Riparian Work on the Kiso-Sansen: Johannis de Rijke, p. 6.
- Honor awarded 1992 -- L'Harmattan (misspelled as Sakip Sananci)
- Honor awarded 1905 -- Adler, Cyrus (1921). Jacob Henry Schiff: A Biographical Sketch, p. 12.
- National Research Institute for Cultural Properties (NRI), 田中一松, 1983.
- Honor awarded 1971: Nihon no shashinka (日本の写真家) / Biographic Dictionary of Japanese Photography (Tokyo: Nichigai Associates, 2005; ISBN 4-8169-1948-1) p. 291 (despite the English-language alternative title, all in Japanese).
- "VADM Eugene P. "Dennis" Wilkinson (retired)". U.S. Navy Submarine Force Museum. Archived from the original on 2006-10-07. Retrieved 2007-01-15.
- "Kun Santo Zuiho Sho", In: Niemöller, Pätzold & Chung (1995) 'Lux Oriente', KBMf 188, p. IV
- John E. Tuhy, Sam Hill: The Prince of Castle Nowhere (1983), Portland, Oregon: Timber Press, ISBN 0-917304-77-2, p. 178
- "Japan Decorates Our Naval Attache" (PDF), New York Times, March 25, 1919
- "Pax Britannica (3rd Class)", Time, May 16, 1932
- Dunne, A., & Bowen, R. (2003): "Trevor Pryce Leggett, 1914–2000." In H. Cortazzi (Ed.): Britain & Japan: biographical portraits (Vol. 4, pp. 323–333). London: Routledge. (ISBN 978-1-9033-5014-0)
- Honor awarded 1976 -- "L'Harmattan"
- Honor awarded 1988 -- Brenson, Michael (December 31, 1988). "Isamu Noguchi, the Sculptor, Dies at 84". New York Times.
- Honor awarded 1997 http://www.csuchico.edu/~gwilliams/tsa/nl/kunsho_(medal_of_honor).html
- Duquesne/Wecht Institute of Forensic Science and Law -- bio
- NEC Corporation: "Tadahiro Sekimoto, Former Chairman of NEC, Passed Away on November 11, 2007," November 12, 2007
- (1922). Prominent People of the Maritime Provinces, p. 193.
- Honor awarded 1983 -- Tuttle Publishing Internet home page
- Honor awarded 1942 -- Tsuji, Masanobu. (1997). Japan's Greatest Victory, Britain's Worst Defeat, p. 108.
- Honor awarded 1950 -- "Obituary: Elizabeth Vining". The Economist. Dec. 11, 1999.
- Commanding Officer NAF Atsugi awarded Aug 1994 in Tokyo
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- Consulate General of Japan in New York, Order with gold rays and rosette
- Honor awarded 2000 -- Nishiyama bio, ITKF web, Order with gold rays and rosette.
- Honor awarded 1982 -- Bird, David and Robert McG. Thomas Jr. "Notes on People: Japanese Writer for Times Decorated by Hirohito", New York Times, May 13, 1982.
- Honor awarded 1998 --
- Honor awarded 1921 -- Britton, Dorothy. (1997). "Richard Ponsonby-Fane, A Modern William Adams," in Britain and Japan: Biographical Portraits, p.203.
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- Oskar Ritter und Edler von Xylander
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- Forward. Yokohama, Japan: St. Joseph College. 1956. p. 8.
- Local Information Department, Okayama Prefectural Library: George Gauntlett.
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- Honor awarded in 1906 -- "Cruiser 'Livia' in Kobe to Greet Italians," Osaka Mainichi. July 28, 1922.
- Honor awarded 1882 -- "Prof. Chaplin's New Post; He will be Chancellor of the Washington University", New York Times, August 30, 1891.
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- L'Harmattan web site (in French) Order with sunburst
- "Uncle Bob", Time, September 10, 1945.
- L'Harmattan web site (in French), Order with gold rays
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- L'Harmattan web site (in French), Order with gold ribbon
- "Lawrence Olson, 73, An Expert on Japan" New York Times. April 2, 1992.
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- "Kenjiro Takayanagi, Electrical Engineer, 91", New York Times, July 25, 1990.
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- Honor awarded 1874 -- "A Victory for the Chinese; Japanese Driven with Heavy Loss from Ping-yang", New York Times, August 22, 1894.
- Yoshikawa, Eiji. (1995). Musashi (translator, Charles S. Terry), p. 971.
- Peterson, James W., Barry C. Weaver and Michael A. Quigley. (2001). Orders and Medals of Japan and Associated States. San Ramon, California: Orders and Medals Society of America. 10-ISBN 1-890974-09-9
- Rossiter, Johnson, ed. (1904). The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Vol. II. Boston: The Biographical Society....Click link for digitized, full text copy of this book
- Kenkyusha's New Japanese-English Dictionary, Kenkyusha Limited, Tokyo 1991, ISBN 4-7674-2015-6
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