Obukhovskii 12"/52 Pattern 1907 gun
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They followed the 12"/40 (30.5 cm) Pattern 1895 guns as used on the Andrey Pervozvanny class battleships
The guns were developed by the Obukhovskii Works, with the first prototype being completed in 1907. Allowable barrel life for pieces mounted aboard Black Sea Fleet units was 400 rounds per gun. The guns were considered excellent pieces, and were deployed aboard the Gangut and Imperatritsa Mariya class dreadnoughts in triple turret mountings constructed by the Metallicheskii Works. These triple-gun turrets were designated "MK-3-12".
- Barrel length: 52 calibers
- Maximum laying speed: vertical - 4 degrees per second, horizontal - 3.2 degrees per second
- Rate of fire: 2-3 rounds per minute
- Shell weight:
- Naval 1911 : 471 kg (1.038 lb)
- Coastal defence : 446 kg (984 lb)
- German coastal HE : 405 kg (893 lb)
- Initial velocity of the shell:
- Naval 1911 471 kg shell : 762 meters/second (2,500 feet/second)
- Coastal defence 446 kg shell : 853 meters/second (2800 feet/second)
- With 471 kg shell : 29,340 meters (32,080 yards)
In addition to being deployed aboard the Gangut class and Imperatritsa Mariya class battleships, these pieces were also emplaced as coastal artillery in the Peter the Great Naval Fortress along the Tallinn-Porkkala-Udd defensive line in 1917, as well as being mounted as railway guns.
Between wars in Soviet Union were placed four four-gun batteries around the Baltic, two four-gun batteries in Sevastopol and two six-gun batteries in Vladivostok. Some of these guns were captured by the Germans in World War II and used in the Mirius battery in Guernsey (occupied Channel Islands).
1938 Railway gun TM-3-12
Three railway guns were built, using guns from the sunken battleship Imperatritsa Mariya, which had been lost to a magazine explosion in Sevastopol harbor in October 1916. They were used in the Soviet-Finnish war in 1939-1940. In June–December 1941 they took part in the defense of the Soviet naval base on Finland's Hanko peninsula (Rus. Gangut/ Гангут). They were disabled by Soviet seamen when the base was evacuated, and were later restored by Finnish specialists using guns from the withdrawn Russian battleship Imperator Aleksander III. After the war these were handed over to the Soviet Union, and they were maintained in operational condition until 1991, and withdrawn in 1999. When withdrawn from service, they were the last battleship-caliber Obukhov pieces still operational in the world.
Weapons of comparable role, performance and era
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