Nung language (Tai)
|Native speakers||856,000 (1999)|
Nùng is a Tai–Kadai language spoken mostly in Cao Bằng and Lạng Sơn provinces in Vietnam. It is also known as Bu-Nong, Highland Nung, Nong, Tai Nung, Tay, and Tày Nùng. It should be confused with neither the Tibeto-Burman language also called Nung. It is a name given to the various Tai languages of northern Vietnam that are spoken by peoples classified as Nung by the Vietnamese government.
In the 1999 census, it had about 850,000 speakers.
- Nùng Phạn Slinh is spoken in eastern Lạng Sơn province.
- Nùng Cháo is spoken around Lạng Sơn city. It is identical with William J. Gedney's Lungchow.
- Nùng Inh is spoken in western Lạng Sơn province. It is identical with William J. Gedney's Western Nung of Mường Khương, Lào Cai province.
- Nùng An is spoken in and around Quảng Uyên, Quảng Hòa District, Cao Bang. Like the Long'an (隆安) speakers of Guangxi, it has a mixture of Northern and Central Tai features.
- Nùng Giang is spoken in Hà Quảng District, Cao Bang. It is also spoken across the border in Pingmeng (平孟镇), Jingxi County, Guangxi, where it is known as Yang Zhuang.
Nùng Vên (En), a language formerly undistinguished from its surrounding Central Tai dialects, was discovered to be a Kra language by Hoàng Văn Ma and Jerold A. Edmondson in 1998. Its speakers are classified as Nùng by the Vietnamese government.
- Edmondson, Jerold A., Solnit, David B. (eds). 1997. Comparative Kadai: the Tai branch. Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington Publications in Linguistics 124. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington.
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